Emil Boc

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Emil Boc
Boc in 2011
Prime Minister of Romania
In office
22 December 2008 – 6 February 2012
PresidentTraian Băsescu
DeputyDan Nica (2008–2009)
Béla Markó (2009–2012)
Preceded byCălin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Succeeded byCătălin Predoiu (Acting)
Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu
Mayor of Cluj-Napoca
Assumed office
12 July 2012
Preceded byRadu Moisin (interim)
In office
July 2004 – 22 December 2008
Preceded byGheorghe Funar
Succeeded bySorin Apostu
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
December 2000 – 1 July 2004
ConstituencyCluj County
Minister of Education, Research and Innovation
2 October 2009 – 23 December 2009
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byEcaterina Andronescu
Succeeded byDaniel Funeriu
Leader of the Democratic Liberal Party
In office
15 December 2007 – 30 June 2012
Preceded byHimself (as leader of the Democratic Party)
Theodor Stolojan (as leader of the Liberal Democratic Party)
Succeeded byVasile Blaga
Leader of the Democratic Party
In office
20 December 2004 – 15 December 2007
Preceded byTraian Băsescu
Succeeded byHimself (party merged with the Liberal Democratic Party into the Democratic Liberal Party)
Personal details
Born (1966-09-06) 6 September 1966 (age 57)
Răchițele, Cluj County, Romania
(now Mărgău)
Political partyNational Liberal Party
Other political
Democratic Party (before 2007)
Democratic Liberal Party (2007–2014)
Oana Boc
(m. 1994)

Emil Boc (Romanian pronunciation: [eˈmil ˈbok]; born 6 September 1966) is a Romanian politician who was Prime Minister of Romania from 22 December 2008 until 6 February 2012 and is the current Mayor of Cluj-Napoca, the largest city of Transylvania, where he was first elected in July 2004. Boc was also the president of the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), which proposed and supported him as Prime Minister in late 2008, from December 2004 until July 2012.

On 13 October 2009, his cabinet fell after losing a motion of no confidence in Parliament. He was acting as the head of acting cabinet until a new Prime Minister and cabinet were confirmed by Parliament. On 17 December 2009, President Traian Băsescu designated him again to form a new government, receiving afterwards the vote of confidence from the Parliament.

Personal life[edit]

Emil was born to Ioan and Ana Boc in the village of Răchițele, commune Mărgău, Cluj County; he has three older brothers (Ioan, Gheorghe, and Traian) and one sister (Dorina). Emil Boc and his wife Oana, a university lecturer whom he married in July 1994, have two daughters, Cezara and Patricia. He and his family belong to the Romanian Orthodox Church.[1]

Political career[edit]

Boc's entrance into mainstream Romanian politics was in 2003, when he was elected executive president of the Democratic Party (PD); he had been proposed by Traian Băsescu. His original job was to clearly define the Democratic Party's identity so that it would not be confused with the National Liberal Party (PNL).[2]

Mayor of Cluj-Napoca[edit]

He assumed the position of mayor after the 2004 election victory against the far right nationalist Gheorghe Funar of Romanian National Unity Party (PUNR), who had previously been mayor of Cluj-Napoca for twelve years. In that election, Funar lost out in the first round to both Boc and the Social Democratic Party (PSD) candidate Ioan Rus. Boc went on to defeat Rus in a run-off election. In the 2008 election, Boc received 76.2% of the vote, avoiding a second round.[3] In May 2012 Emil Boc announced to run again for mayor of Cluj-Napoca in the June 2012 local elections which he won.

Prime Minister of Romania[edit]

Following the 2008 legislative elections, the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) and the Social Democratic Party (PSD) joined forces to form a government. President Traian Băsescu initially nominated Theodor Stolojan as Prime Minister, but, following Stolojan's withdrawal, on 15 December Boc was nominated as head of government and was confirmed by Parliament on 22 December 2008.

Boc's government fell after a vote of no confidence in the Parliament on 13 October 2009.[4] The vote followed the collapse of his ruling coalition, which was caused by his ousting of Dan Nica, the interior minister.[5] Boc acted as interim Prime Minister until a new government was to take charge. The opposition parliamentary groups proposed Klaus Iohannis as a candidate, but President Traian Băsescu nominated Lucian Croitoru, and after his failing to obtain the Parliament confirmation for his government, he nominated Liviu Negoiță. Eventually, Boc was reinstated as Prime Minister after the presidential elections ended with the victory of incumbent president Traian Băsescu who supported him.

On 6 February 2012, Boc resigned from office amid ongoing protests.

Electoral history[edit]

Mayor of Cluj-Napoca[edit]

Election Affiliation First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
2004 DA 49,631
 1st  79,207
2008 PDL 86,657
2012 PDL 53,674
2016 PNL 64,311
2020 PNL

See also[edit]


  1. ^ (in Romanian) Clarification Archived 19 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine, gov.ro, 5 January 2009; accessed 26 May 2009
  2. ^ (in Romanian) Mircea Marian, "Basescu il impinge pe Boc in functia de presedinte executiv al PD Archived 20 July 2012 at archive.today", Adevărul, 8 October 2003
  3. ^ (in Romanian) "Rezultatele alegerilor locale din principalele oraşe ale ţării" Archived 5 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, realitatea.net, 6 June 2008
  4. ^ BBC News, 13 October 2009. Romanian government falls on vote. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
  5. ^ BBC News, 1 October 2009. Romanian government falls apart. Retrieved 2009-10-21.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Mayor of Cluj-Napoca
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Romania
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Radu Moisin
Mayor of Cluj-Napoca
Party political offices
New political party President of the Democratic Liberal Party
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of the Democratic Party
Party dissolved