Emil Gottlieb Heinrich Kraeling (1892–1973) was an American Lutheran biblical scholar and Aramaicist. He came from an extended German-American Lutheran family. Kraeling attended the Lutheran Seminary of Philadelphia from 1909 to 1912, and then was associate professor of Old Testament at Union Seminary. Among his best known works was a study of Job The Book of the Ways of God. In 1937 he published papers in agreement with Henri Frankfort identifying a woman in the Burney Relief as the Lilith of later Jewish mythology.
- Year book - The American Philosophical Society American Philosophical Society - 1969 "(1897-1966) Carl Herman Kraeling was born March 10, 1897, in Brooklyn, New York. His father, Emil C.J. Kraeling, and elder brother, Emil Q. Kraeling, were both Lutheran clergymen. Both his brother Emil and he became distinguished scholars ..."
- Lutheran quarterly 9 Conrad John Immanuel Bergendoff - 1957 "Dr. Kraeling attended Lutheran Seminary at Philadelphia from 1909 to 1912, was associate professor of Old Testament in Union Seminary for many years, and has published a study of Job (The Book of the Ways of God) and The New Elephantine "