Emil Loteanu, Soviet-era Moldovan filmmaker
|Born||Emil Vladimirovich Loteanu
November 6, 1936
Clocuşna, Bessarabia, Romania
|Died||18 March 2003
Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Russia
|Occupation||Director, screenwriter, poet|
Emil Loteanu (November 6, 1936 – April 18, 2003) was a Soviet film director born in Clocuşna, Moldova (then Romania). He moved to Moscow in his early life. His best known films are Lăutarii, Gypsies Are Found Near Heaven, A Hunting Accident and Anna Pavlova.
Life and career
His paternal ancestors were from Bukovina. After the annexation of Bessarabia to the Soviet Union, they moved to Bucharest. After the death of his father and losing contact with his mother, who had moved to Romania, he lived his early life on the streets, sleeping in warehouses and hostels. Between 1953 and 1955, he studied at the actor's faculty of the Moscow Art Theatre. In 1962, he graduated from VGIK (workshop of Grigori Roshal and Y. Genik).
Between 1952 and 1954, he worked as an actor at the Moscow Pushkin Drama Theatre. From 1962 to 1973 he worked as a director at the studio Moldova-Film where he made his narrative feature film debut with the heroic and revolutionary film Wait for us at dawn (1963). In 1966, Emil Loteanu directed a motion picture about the Moldavian shepherds titled Red Meadows. He was a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union since the year 1968. In his cinematic poem Lăutarii (1971) the director depicted the life of folk musicians. The film's music was scored by Eugene Doga and was the beginning for their long collaboration. The film won the Silver Shell at the San Sebastián International Film Festival.
Since 1973 Loteanu worked at the studio Mosfilm. Film adaptation of Maxim Gorky's Gypsies Are Found Near Heaven, film adaptation of Anton Chekhov's A Hunting Accident and the biographical film Anna Pavlova, dedicated to the life of the great Russian ballerina brought him great popularity. In 1976 the film Gypsies Are Found Near Heaven won the Grand Prix – the "Golden Shell" – at the International Film Festival in San Sebastian. A waltz by Eugene Doga from the 1978 film A Hunting Accident became world-famous.
One of the producers of his 1983 film Anna Pavlova was Michael Powell. The film was a co-production between Britain and the Soviet Union and featured American director Martin Scorsese in a cameo role.
In 1979, Emil Loteanu married actress Galina Belyayeva who starred in his films A Hunting Accident and Anna Pavlova. Their marriage was a stormy one and lasted five years. They had one child.
In the late 1980s, he returned to "Moldova-Film" and worked on Moldovan television, where he made a film adaption of poem Mihai Eminescu Luceafarul. Between 1987 and 1992, he was President of the Union of Cinematographers of Moldova. He taught courses for theater actors at the Chisinau Institute of Arts.
In 1998, he staged the play "Unconditionally Yours, Antosha Chekhonte" based on Chekhov's "The Bear" and "Wedding" at the Moscow Art Theatre named after M. Gorky. He is an author of several collections of poems and short stories, scripts of his films. He is also an author of poetry for the film The Eighth Wonder of the World (1981).
For twelve years he was trying to get funding to make films. When Loteanu at long last got financing for his film project Yar he died, leaving the project unfinished. He died from cancer on April 18, 2003, in Moscow, at the age of 66. Galina Belaeva and his doctors hid the diagnosis from him. He was buried at the Vagankovsky cemetery in Moscow.
- Bolshaya gora (1959) – director
- Zhil-byl malchik (1960) a.k.a. There Was a Young Boy – director
- Zhdite nas na rassvete (1963) a.k.a. Wait for Us at Dawn – director
- Krasnye polyany (1966) – writer/director
- Freska na belom (1967) – director
- Eto mgnovenie (1968) – director
- Akademik Tarasevich (1970) – director
- Lăutarii (1971) a.k.a. Fiddlers – writer/director
- Ekho goryachey doliny (1974) a.k.a. Their Torrid Valleys – director
- Tabor ukhodit v nebo (1975) a.k.a. Queen of the Gypsies – writer/director
- Moy laskovyy i nezhnyy zver (1978) a.k.a. A Hunting Accident – writer/director
- Anna Pavlova (1983) a.k.a. A Woman for All Time – writer/director, actor (the manager of cabaret)
- Luceafărul (1987) a.k.a. The Morning Star – writer/director
- Vdvoyom na grani vremeni (1989) – writer
- Skorlupa (1993) a.k.a. The Shell – director
- "20 edition. 1972 Awards 10-19 July". San Sebastián International Film Festival. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "24 edition. 1976 Awards 11-22 September". San Sebastián International Film Festival. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Anna Pavlova (1983–) Full Cast & Crew". IMDB.
- "Проводить Лотяну пришли его любимые женщины Романтика советского кинематографа похоронили на Ваганьковском кладбище" (in Russian). Komsomolskaya Pravda. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- Jason Buchanan. "Emil Loteanu". AllMovie.com. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- Emil Loteanu at the Internet Movie Database
- Emil Loteanu at AllMovie
- Emil Loteanu at the TCM Movie Database