|Birth name||Emil Mangelsdorff|
|Born||April 11, 1925|
|Origin||Frankfurt am Main|
|Instruments||alto saxophone, soprano saxophone, clarinet, flute|
|Associated acts||Albert Mangelsdorff, Attila Zoller, George Gruntz, Vitold Rek, Jutta Hipp|
In 1942 and 1943, Mangelsdorff studied clarinet at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt. As a member of the (illegal) Frankfurt Hot Club, his performing of jazz led him to being imprisoned by the Gestapo. He was forced into the Hitler army and was a Russian prisoner of war for four years. In 1949 he came back to Frankfurt and decided to become a professional jazz musician. He played in the combos of Joe Klimm and Jutta Hipp, and was also a member of the Frankfurt All Stars and of the Jazz-Ensemble des Hessischen Rundfunks from 1958. Since the 1960s he has directed his own quartet.
Jazz trombonist Albert Mangelsdorff was his brother.
- Carlo Bohländer, Reclams Jazzführer, Stuttgart 1970
- Michael H. Kater, Different Drummers: Jazz in the Culture of Nazi Germany, Oxford 2003, ISBN 0-19-516553-5