|Birth name||Emil Mangelsdorff|
|Born||April 11, 1925|
|Origin||Frankfurt am Main|
|Instruments||alto saxophone, soprano saxophone, clarinet, flute|
|Associated acts||Albert Mangelsdorff, Attila Zoller, George Gruntz, Vitold Rek, Jutta Hipp|
In 1942 and 1943, Mangelsdorff studied clarinet at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt. As a member of the (illegal) Frankfurt Hot Club, his performing of jazz, with Hans Otto Jung among others, led him to being imprisoned by the Gestapo. He was forced into the Hitler army and was a Russian prisoner of war for four years. In 1949 he came back to Frankfurt and decided to become a professional jazz musician. He played in the combos of Joe Klimm and Jutta Hipp, and was also a member of the Frankfurt All Stars and of the Jazz-Ensemble des Hessischen Rundfunks from 1958. Since the 1960s he has directed his own quartet.
Jazz trombonist Albert Mangelsdorff was his brother.