Emil John Martinec (born 1958) is an American string theorist, a physics professor at the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago, and director of the Kadanoff Center for Theoretical Physics. He was part of a group at Princeton University that developed heterotic string theory in 1985.
Early life and education
Martinec was born October 4, 1958, in Downers Grove, Illinois. He graduated from Northwestern University in 1979 and earned his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1984, with a dissertation titled, Quantum Mechanics Versus General Covariance In Gravity And String Models, advised by Michael Peskin. He worked the last two years of his graduate education at SLAC, following Peskin's move there.
Early in his career, Martinec worked at Princeton University, where he was part of a research group known as the "Princeton string quartet" that also included physicists David Gross, Jeffrey A. Harvey and Ryan Rohm. The group developed heterotic string theory in 1985. As its name suggests, heterotic string theory combines elements of multiple versions of string theory to attempt to create a more realistic explanation of elementary particle physics. This work was part of a series of advances that forestalled the predicted merger of cosmology and fundamental physics.
He is currently a professor at the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago. He directs the university's Kadanoff Center for Theoretical Physics.
- Dixon, L.; Friedan, D.; Martinec, E.; Shenker, S. (1987). "The conformal field theory of orbifolds". Nuclear Physics B. 282: 13. Bibcode:1987NuPhB.282...13D. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(87)90676-6.
- Friedan, D.; Martinec, E.; Shenker, S. (1986). "Conformal invariance, supersymmetry and string theory". Nuclear Physics B. 271 (1): 93. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(86)90356-1.
- Callan, C. G.; Friedan, D.; Martinec, E. J.; Perry, M. J. (1985). "Strings in background fields". Nuclear Physics B. 262 (4): 593. Bibcode:1985NuPhB.262..593C. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(85)90506-1.
- Gross, D. J.; Harvey, J. A.; Martinec, E.; Rohm, R. (1986). "Heterotic string theory". Nuclear Physics B. 267: 75. Bibcode:1986NuPhB.267...75G. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(86)90146-X.
- Gross, D. J.; Harvey, J. A.; Martinec, E.; Rohm, R. (1985). "Heterotic string theory (I). The free heterotic string". Nuclear Physics B. 256: 253. Bibcode:1985NuPhB.256..253G. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(85)90394-3.
- Gross, D. J.; Harvey, J. A.; Martinec, E.; Rohm, R. (1985). "Heterotic String". Physical Review Letters. 54 (6): 502. Bibcode:1985PhRvL..54..502G. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.54.502. PMID 10031535.
- Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellow (Year: 1987, Field: Physics)
- National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator 
- U.S. Department of Energy Outstanding Junior Investigator
- Cappelli, Andrea; Castellani, Elena; Colomo, Filippo; Vecchia, Paolo Di (2012-04-12). The Birth of String Theory. Cambridge University Press. p. 402. ISBN 9780521197908.
- "CV: Emil Martinec". theory.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- Martinec, Emil J. (1984). "Quantum Mechanics Versus General Covariance In Gravity And String Models".
- Overbye, Dennis (December 7, 2004). "String theory, at 20, explains it all (or not)". The New York Times. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- Mitra, Asoke Nath (2009). India in the World of Physics: Then and Now. Pearson Education India. p. 8. ISBN 9788131715796.
- Steinhardt, Paul J.; Turok, Neil (2007). Endless Universe: Beyond the Big Bang. Crown/Archetype. p. 129. ISBN 9780385523110.
- Chang, Kenneth (November 1, 2015). "Leo P. Kadanoff, physicist who explored how matter changes, dies at 78". The New York Times. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- "Martinec, Emil John - Profile - INSPIRE-HEP". inspirehep.net. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- "Past Fellows". sloan.org. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- "Award Abstract #number 657788, Presidential Young Investigator Award: Research in String Theory (Physics)". National Science Foundation. July 1, 1987.
- "DOE Outstanding Junior Investigator Awardees" (PDF). U.S. Department of Energy. 2009. p. 6. Retrieved February 14, 2018.