Emil Zuckerkandl

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Emil Zuckerkandl (1849-1910)

Emil Zuckerkandl (1 September 1849 in Győr, Hungary – 28 May 1910 in Vienna) was a Hungarian-Austrian anatomist. He was the brother of urologist Otto Zuckerkandl (1861-1921).


He was educated at the University of Vienna (M.D., 1874) and was an admiring student of Josef Hyrtl,[1] and an anatomical assistant to Karl von Rokitansky (1804-1878) and Karl Langer (1819-1887). In 1875, he became privatdozent of anatomy at the University of Utrecht, and he was appointed assistant professor at the University of Vienna in 1879, being made professor at Graz in 1882. Beginning in 1888, he was a professor of descriptive and topographical anatomy at the University of Vienna.

He conducted research in almost all fields of morphology, making contributions to the normal and pathological anatomy of the nasal cavity, the anatomy of the facial skeleton, blood vessels, the brain, chromaffin system, et al.

He was married to the Galician-Austrian writer, journalist and critic Berta Szeps.[2] The couple's house was a popular meeting place for the avant-garde in arts and science; their guests including sculptor Auguste Rodin (1840-1917), painter Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), architect Otto Wagner (1841-1918), writer Hermann Bahr (1863-1934), playwright Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931) and composer Gustav Mahler (1860-1911).[3]


Zuckerkandl contributed many monographs to medical journals, among them:

  • "Zur Morphologie des Gesichtschädels" (Stuttgart, 1877)
  • "Über eine Bisher noch Nicht Beschriebene Drüse der Regio Suprahyoidea" (ib. 1879)
  • "Über das Riechcentrum" (ib. 1887)
  • "Normale und Pathologische Anatomie der Nasenhöhle und Ihrer Pneumatischen Anhänge" (Vienna, 1892).
  • "Atlas der topographischen Anatomie", five volumes. Vienna and Leipzig, 1900-1904.
  • "Atlas der descriptiven anatomie des Menschen", Vienna, Leipzig, W. Braumüller, 1902. Initially published by Carl Heitzmann (1836-1896) in 1870 as Die descriptive und topographische Anatomie des Menschen.
  • "Atlas und Grundriss der chirurgischen Operationslehre" fifth edition, Munich, 1915. XIX + 556 pages.[4]



  • 1898: Appointment as full member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.
  • 1914: Unveiling of a monument at the Anatomical Institute (28 May).
  • 1924: Unveiling of a statue by Anton Hanak at the arcaded courtyard of the Vienna University.
  • 1925: Designation of Zuckerkandlgasse in Vienna-Pötzleinsdorf (1925-1938 and from 1947 onward).[5]


  1. ^ Mirilas P, Skandalakis JE (May 2003). "Zuckerkandl's tubercle: Hannibal ad Portas". Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 196 (5): 796–801. doi:10.1016/S1072-7515(02)01831-8. PMID 12742214. 
  2. ^ Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Jerry Oakes W (2008). "Emil Zuckerkandl (1849-1910): anatomist and pathologist". Annals of Anatomy. 190 (1): 33–6. doi:10.1016/j.aanat.2007.09.001. PMID 18342140. 
  3. ^ Who Named It biography of Emil Zuckerkandl
  4. ^ Who Named It (bibliography)
  5. ^ List of awards based on a translation of an equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.

Jewish Encyclopedia Bibliography[edit]