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(Redirected from Emiliano-Romagnolo language)
Native toItaly, San Marino
RegionPrimarily Emilia-Romagna, Marche, San Marino
Native speakers
Unknown (4.4 million population):
  • Sole or prevalent language of 10.5%
  • Used alongside Italian by 28.3% (2006)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3(code eml deprecated in 2009)[2]
Individual codes:
egl – Emilian
rgn – Romagnol
Glottologemil1243  Emiliano-Romagnolo
  transition between Emilian and Lombard
Emilian-Romagnol is classified as Definitely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
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Emilian-Romagnol (Italian: emiliano-romagnolo) is a linguistic continuum that is part of the Gallo-Italic languages spoken in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna.[3] It is divided into two main varieties, Emilian and Romagnol.



As part of the Gallo-Italic languages, Emilian-Romagnol is most closely related to the Lombard, Piedmontese and Ligurian languages, all of which are spoken in neighboring regions.

Among other Gallo-Italic languages, Emilian-Romagnol is characterized by systematic raising and diphthongization of Latin stressed vowels in open syllables, as well as widespread syncope of unstressed vowels other than /a/ and use of vowel gradation in the formation of plurals and certain verb tenses.[3]



While first registered under a single code in ISO standard 639-3, in 2009 this was retired in favour of two distinct codes for the two varieties, due to the cultural and literary split between the two parts of the region, making Emilian and Romagnol distinct ethnolinguistic entities.[4] Since 2015, Emilian and Romagnol are considered, with separated entries, definitely endangered languages according to the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger.[5][6]

Chart of Romance languages based on structural and comparative criteria.
  • Emilian
    • Carrarese dialect
    • Lunigianese dialect
    • Tortonese dialect
    • Pavese-Vogherese dialect, Oltrepò dialect
    • Placentine dialect, Bobbiese dialect
    • Modenese dialect, Carpesan dialect, Mirandolese dialect, Frignanese dialect
    • Reggio dialect, Guastallese dialect
    • Parmesan dialect
    • Casalmaggiore-Viadana dialect
    • Mantuan dialect
    • Lower Mantuan dialect
    • Bolognese dialect
      • Bologna city dialect
      • Mid-mountains dialects
      • Upper mountains dialects
      • Northern plains dialects
      • Eastern plains dialects
      • Western plains dialects
    • Ferrara dialect
      • Comacchio dialect
  • Romagnol
  • Gallo-Picene: classification is disputed. While generally considered close to Romagnol, being part of the Gallo-Italic group, some have suggested a third component of Emilian-Romagnol continuum
    • Urbinate dialect
    • Montefeltrin dialect
    • Pesarese dialect
    • Fanese dialect
    • Senigallia dialect
    • Conero Gallo-Italic dialects
    • Upper Tiber transitional dialects

Sample Text


Emilian-Romangol: Tot j essèri umèn i nàs lébri e cumpagn in dignità e dirét. Lou i è dutid ad rasoun e ad cuscinza e i à da operè, ognun ti cunfrunt at ch’j ilt, sa sentimint ad fratelènza.[7]

English: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.[8]

Piacentino Dialect[citation needed] Bolonese Dialect[citation needed] English[citation needed]
A t' vöi bëin A t vói bän I love you
Sé/ Ói Yes
No No
A t' ringras A t aringrâz Thanks
Non giùran Bån dé Good morning
Rvëdas A se vdrän Good bye
Me/ Mi Mé, A I
E E And
Cus al custa/ Quant al custa/ Cus al vegna Quant véńnel/ Csa cåsstel How much is it
Cma ta ciamat Cum t ciâmet? What's your name
Scüsìm/ Scüsèm Scuśèm/ Ch'al scûśa bän Excuse me
Diu Dìo God
Lëingua Längua Language
Sul Såul Sun
Bulogna Bulåggna Bologna

See also



  1. ^ "La lingua italiana, i dialetti e le lingue straniere Anno 2006" (PDF). istat.it. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  2. ^ "639 Identifier Documentation: eml". SIL International.
  3. ^ a b Loporcaro, Michele (2009). Profilo linguistico dei dialetti italiani. Bari: Laterza. pp. 104–108. ISBN 978-88-420-8920-9. OCLC 318631969.
  4. ^ "eml | ISO 639-3". iso639-3.sil.org. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  5. ^ "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  6. ^ "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  7. ^ "UDHR in Romance languages". www.omniglot.com. Retrieved 2023-12-10.
  8. ^ "UDHR in Germanic languages". www.omniglot.com. Retrieved 2023-12-10.