Emilie Louise Flöge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Emilie Louise Flöge
Emilie Louise Flöge.jpg
Emilie Louise Flöge, studio of Madame D'Ora-Benda, Vienna, 1909.
Born(1874-08-30)August 30, 1874
DiedMay 26, 1952(1952-05-26) (aged 77)
OccupationCouturière
Partner(s)Gustav Klimt

Emilie Louise Flöge (30 August 1874 – 26 May 1952) was an Austrian fashion designer and businesswoman. She was the life companion of the painter Gustav Klimt.

Early life[edit]

Emilie Flöge (1902)
an oil painting by Gustav Klimt

Flöge was the fourth child of the master turner and manufacturer of Meerschaum pipes, Hermann Flöge (1837–1897). Emilie had two sisters, Pauline and Helene, and a brother, Hermann.[1]

Her first job was as a seamstress, but she later became a couturière. In 1894, Pauline, her elder sister, opened a dressmaking school[2] and Emilie worked there. In 1899 the two sisters won a dressmaking competition and were commissioned to make a batiste dress for an exhibition.

Career[edit]

In partnership with her sister Helene, after 1904 Flöge established herself as a successful businesswoman and the owner of the haute couture fashion salon known as Schwestern Flöge (Flöge Sisters) in a major Viennese thoroughfare, the Mariahilfer Strasse.[3] In this salon, which had been designed in the Jugendstil by the architect Josef Hoffmann, she presented designer clothing in the style of the Wiener Werkstätte. Flöge designed bespoke garments, especially loose, patterned dresses in the reform style (a movement also called Victorian dress reform).[4] This style was promoted by the feminist movement in Vienna and was characterized by high bodices, a loose silhouette, and billowing sleeves.[4] It was thought that this type of dress was better for women's health and allowed for a greater range of movement.[4] During her trips to London and Paris she familiarized herself with the latest fashion trends from Coco Chanel and Christian Dior, however, after the Anschluss with the German Third Reich in 1938, Flöge lost her most important customers and had to close her salon, which had become the leading fashion venue for Viennese society.[5] After 1938 she worked from the top floor of her home at 39 Ungargasse.[6]

Association with Gustav Klimt[edit]

Emilie Flöge was a member of the Viennese bohemian and Fin de siècle circles. She was the life companion of the painter Gustav Klimt.[7][8] In 1891, Helene, one of Emilie's two older sisters, married Ernst Klimt, the brother of Gustav Klimt. When Ernst died in December 1892, Gustav was made Helene's guardian. At that time Emilie was eighteen years old and Gustav became a frequent guest at the home of her parents, spending the summers with the Flöge family at Lake Attersee.[1] Numerous photographs document Klimt with Emilie and her family.[9][10]

After 1891, Klimt portrayed her in many of his works. Experts[11] believe that his painting The Kiss (1907–08) shows the artist and Emilie Flöge as lovers.

Klimt may have drawn some garments for the Flöge salon in the reform dress style, but this is frequently discounted in favor of the idea that the Flöge sisters designed the dresses themselves.[12] The clientele for what was at that time a revolutionary fashion was too small to provide a living, however, and she earned money accordingly through conventional styles.[13] Klimt was painting many women from the upper echelons of Viennese society and thus was able to introduce Emilie Flöge to a prosperous client base.[14] Klimt died from a stroke on 11 January 1918. His last words reportedly were, "Emilie must come."[15] She inherited half of Klimt's estate, the other half going to the painter's family.[1]

In the final days of the Second World War, her house in the Ungargasse caught fire, destroying not only her collection of garments, but also valuable objects from the estate of Gustav Klimt.[16]

Death and Burial[edit]

Flöge family grave at Evangelischer Friedhof in Vienna-Simmering.

Flöge died at the age of 77 in Vienna on 26 May 1952 and was buried in the Flöge-Donner family grave of the at the Evangelischer Friedhof in Vienna-Simmering on 30 May 1952.[17] The cemetery authorities designated it as a celebrity grave and restored the tombstone for the 150th Anniversary Year of Gustav Klimt.[citation needed] The grave is now included on their website.[18]

Images[edit]

References and sources[edit]

References
  1. ^ a b c "Schönheitsideale & Ornamentik - Damen der Gesellschaft". Museum online. 1996. Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
  2. ^ Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge : reforming fashion, inspiring art. Tretter, Sandra; Weinhäupl, Peter, 1962-, Leitner, Martina. Vienna. 2016. ISBN 978-3-7106-0071-5. OCLC 962180850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge : reforming fashion, inspiring art. Tretter, Sandra; Weinhäupl, Peter, 1962-, Leitner, Martina. Vienna. 2016. ISBN 978-3-7106-0071-5. OCLC 962180850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ a b c Lloyd, Jill; Witt Doring, Christian (2011). "Feminists and Femmes Fatales: Representing Women in Turn-of-the-Century Vienna". Birth of the Modern: Style and Identity in Vienna 1900. New York: Neue Gallery. pp. 120–141. ISBN 978-3777434414.
  5. ^ Furman, Anna (2017-09-19). "Before Coco Chanel There Was Emilie Flöge: A Designer the Fashion Industry Forgot". Harper's BAZAAR. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  6. ^ Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge : reforming fashion, inspiring art. Tretter, Sandra; Weinhäupl, Peter, 1962-, Leitner, Martina. Vienna. 2016. ISBN 978-3-7106-0071-5. OCLC 962180850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  7. ^ Fischer, Wolfgang Georg, 1933- (1992). Gustav Klimt & Emilie Flöge : an artist and his muse. McEwan, Dorothea. London: Lund Humphries. ISBN 0-85331-607-4. OCLC 24743238.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Powell, Nicolas. "Emilie Floge and her lover Gustav Klimt." Apollo: The International Magazine for Collectors, August 1982, Vol. 116, p112-114.
  9. ^ York, Neue Galerie New. "Neue Galerie New York". neuegalerie.org. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  10. ^ York, Neue Galerie New. "Neue Galerie New York". neuegalerie.org. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  11. ^ Alfred Weidinger (art historian and vice director of Belvedere Museum Vienna) in interview in ORF broadcast "Klimt am Attersee", 26 Aug 2012.
  12. ^ Klimt, Gustav (2000). Klimt's women. Tobias G. Natter, Gerbert Frodl, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere. Cologne: DuMont. ISBN 0-300-08796-9. OCLC 45328701.
  13. ^ Finkle, Dana (March 9, 2021). "Emilie Flöge - Profiles in Sewing History". Threads. Retrieved June 28, 2021. Since not everyone was ready to adopt this new style of dress, Schwestern Flöge sold mainstream garments as well. This helped ensure the store turned a profit.
  14. ^ Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge : reforming fashion, inspiring art. Tretter, Sandra; Weinhäupl, Peter, 1962-, Leitner, Martina. Vienna. 2016. ISBN 978-3-7106-0071-5. OCLC 962180850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  15. ^ Powell, Nicolas. "Emilie Floge and her lover Gustav Klimt." Apollo: The International Magazine for Collectors, August 1982, Vol. 116, p112-114.
  16. ^ Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge : reforming fashion, inspiring art. Tretter, Sandra; Weinhäupl, Peter, 1962-, Leitner, Martina. Vienna. 2016. ISBN 978-3-7106-0071-5. OCLC 962180850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. ^ "Personendaten". www.evang-friedhof.at. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  18. ^ Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge : reforming fashion, inspiring art. Tretter, Sandra; Weinhäupl, Peter, 1962-, Leitner, Martina. Vienna. 2016. ISBN 978-3-7106-0071-5. OCLC 962180850.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
Sources
  • This article began as a translation of the article in the German Wikipedia at de: Emilie Flöge with additional information from the French Wikipedia at fr: Emilie Flöge.

Further reading[edit]

  • Gustav Klimt, Emilie Flöge: Reforming Fashion, Inspiring Art, edited by Sandra Tretter and Peter Weinhäupl. Vienna: Gustav Klimt / Wien 1900 Foundation, 2016. ISBN 9783710600715.
  • Gustav Klimt & Emilie Flöge: An Artist and His Muse, by Wolfgang Fischer with assistance from Dorothea McEwan. London: Lund Humphries, 2012. ISBN 0853316074.
  • Gustav Klimt & Emilie Flöge: Photographs, edited by Agnes Husslein-Arco and Alfred Weidinger. Munich: Prestel, 2012. ISBN 9783791352473.
  • O'Connor, Anne-Marie (2012). The Lady in Gold, The Extraordinary Tale of Gustav Klimt's Masterpiece, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, ISBN 0-307-26564-1

External links[edit]