|Born||Emilio Jacinto y Dizon
15 December 1875
Tondo, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||16 April 1899
Magdalena, Laguna, Philippine Islands
|Other names||"Pingkian", "Dimasilaw", "Ka Ilyong"|
|Alma mater||University of Santo Tomas|
|Spouse(s)||Catalina de Jesus|
Emilio Jacinto y Dizon (December 15, 1875 — April 16, 1899), was a Filipino General during the Philippine Revolution. He was one of the highest-ranking officers in the Philippine Revolution and was one of the highest-ranking officers of the revolutionary society Kataas-taasan, Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or simply and more popularly called Katipunan, being a member of its Supreme Council. He was elected Secretary of State for the Haring Bayang Katagalugan, a revolutionary government established during the outbreak of hostilities. He is popularly known in Philippine history textbooks as the Brains of the Katipunan while some contend he should be rightfully recognized as the "Brains of the Revolution". Jacinto was present in the so-called Sigaw of Pugad Lawin with Andres Bonifacio, the Supreme President of the Katipunan, and others of its members which signaled the start of the Revolution against the Spanish colonial government in the islands.
Born in Manila, Jacinto was proficient both in Spanish and Tagalog. He attended San Juan de Letran College, and later transferred to the University of Santo Tomas to study law. Manuel Quezon, Sergio Osmeña and Juan Sumulong were classmates. He did not finish college and, at the age of 19, joined the secret society called Katipunan. He became the advisor on fiscal matters and secretary to Andrés Bonifacio. He was later known as Utak ng Katipunan.
Jacinto also wrote for the Katipunan newspaper called Kalayaan. He wrote in the newspaper under the pen name 'Dimasilaw', and used the alias 'Pingkian' in the Katipunan. Jacinto was the author of the Kartilya ng Katipunan as well.
After Bonifacio's execution, Jacinto pressed on with the Katipunan's struggle. Like general Mariano Álvarez, he refused to join the forces of general Emilio Aguinaldo, the leader of the Katipunan's Magdalo faction. Jacinto lived in Laguna and also joined the militia fighting the Spaniards. Jacinto contracted malaria and died in Magdalena, Laguna, at the age of 23. His remains were initially buried in Santa Cruz, Laguna, and were transferred to Manila North Cemetery a few years later.
He was married to Catalina de Jesus, who was pregnant at the time of his death.
In the 1970s, Jacinto's remains were transferred and enshrined at Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park in Quezon City. At the shrine is a life-size bronze sculpture of a defiant Jacinto riding a horse during his days as a revolutionary. Another statue of Jacinto is located in Mehan Garden.
Jacinto's likeness used to be featured on the old 20 peso bill that circulated from 1949 to 1969, and also on the old 20 centavo coin.
In popular culture
- Portrayed by Smokey Manaloto in 1995 TV series, Bayani in episode "Andres Bonifacio: KKK"
- Portrayed by Cris Villanueva in 1996 TV series, Bayani in 2 episodes
- Portrayed by RJ Agustin in the 2013 TV series, Katipunan.
- Portrayed by Joem Bascon in the 2014 film, Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo.
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