Emilio Ochoa about 1940
|Born||July 4, 1907
|Died||June 27, 2007
Miami, Florida USA
Emilio Ochoa (born Emilio Ochoa y Ochoa on July 4, 1907 Holguín, Cuba - June 27, 2007 Miami, Florida) was a Cuban dentist and politician. Believed to be the last living signatory of Cuba's 1940 Constitution, he served as Senator (1940-1948) and became part of the opposition against both dictators Fulgencio Batista and Fidel Castro, ultimately going into exile in the 1960s.
Dr. Ochoa was one of seven children in a poor family. He studied dentistry in Havana and graduated in 1937. During this time he became involved in politics and was one of the delegates of the Partido Auténtico to the constitutional convention which wrote the Cuban Constitution of 1940.
Dr. Ochoa helped found two political parties: the Partido Autentico in 1934 and the Partido Ortodoxo in 1947. Ochoa was first elected as a Senator in 1940 and served in that office until 1948. He was opposed to Fulgencio Batista, who suspended the Cuban Constitution of 1940 following a coup d'état in 1952.
Dr. Ochoa was arrested 32 times because of his political beliefs and went into exile in 1960, following the takeover of the country by Fidel Castro, who had formerly been a member of the Partido Ortodoxo. However, he returned to Cuba in 1961, hoping that Cuba's 1940 Constitution would be reinstituted following the Bay of Pigs invasion. However, the revolutionary government stayed in power and Ochoa left Cuba for good years later.
He first went to Venezuela where he practiced dentistry until 1965 when he went to the United States. He later taught at Wayne State College in Nebraska and then in a Catholic school in Chicago. In 1971, he moved to Miami and lived in government-subsidized apartment.
In 1933, he married Domitila Nunez (died 1969) and they had two children, Pura America and Carlos Emilio Ochoa Nunez (died 1996). In 1986 he married Martha Herrera.
- "Emilio Ochoa". Associated Press. June 28, 2007. Retrieved July 17, 2007.
- "Emilio Ochoa, signer of Cuba's 1940 constitution, dies at 99". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. June 27, 2007. Retrieved April 19, 2008.
- The Miami Herald "Last Surviving Signer of Cuban Constitution Dies at 99"; June 28, 2007.
- Directorio Social de la Habana 1948 (Havana, Cuba: P. Fernandez y Cia, 1948)(Spanish)
- Libro de Ora de la Sociedad Habanera 1949 (Havana, Cuba: Editorial Lex, 1949)(Spanish)
- Libro de Ora de la Sociedad Habanera 1950 (Havana, Cuba: Editorial Lex, 1950)(Spanish)
- Libro de Ora de la Sociedad Habanera 1953 (Havana, Cuba: Editorial Lex, 1953)(Spanish)
- Anuario de Familias Cubanas 1988 (Costa Rica: Trejos Hermanos Sucrs.,Inc., 1988)(Spanish)
- Directorio Internacional de Familias Cubanas - Volumen XI - 1996–1997 (Miami, Florida, 1997)(Spanish)