Emilio Marcos Palma
7 January 1978
|Known for||Being the first human born in Antarctica|
Emilio Marcos Palma (born 7 January 1978) is an Argentine man known for being the first documented person born on the continent of Antarctica.
Palma was born in Fortín Sargento Cabral at the Esperanza Base, near the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, and weighed 3.4 kg (7 lb 8 oz). His father, Captain Jorge Palma, was head of the Argentine Army detachment at the base. While ten people have been born in Antarctica since, Palma's birthplace remains the southernmost.
In late 1977, Silvia Morella de Palma, who was then seven months pregnant, was airlifted to Esperanza Base, in order to complete her pregnancy in the base. The airlift was a part of the Argentine solutions to the sovereignty dispute over territory in Antarctica. Emilio was automatically granted Argentine citizenship by the government since his parents were both Argentine citizens, and he was born in the claimed Argentine Antarctica. This is a sector of Antarctica claimed by Argentina as part of its national territory, although this claim is not internationally recognised and overlaps with British and Chilean claims.
Other births in Antarctica
His stepbrother, A. Bauer, was also born in Antarctica 12 years later, while his parents were on a 2 year science mission. Solveig Gunbjørg Jacobsen of Norway, born in the island territory of South Georgia on 8 October 1913, was the first person born and raised in the Antarctic (the world region south of the Antarctic Convergence). The first human born in the wider Antarctic region was the Australian James Kerguelen Robinson, born in Kerguelen Islands on 11 March 1859.
- This area was and is still disputed between the Argentine Antarctic Territory, British Antarctic Territory and Chilean Antarctic Territory.
- "Life found under S Pole ice shelf". The Times. 10 January 1978.
- "Born Freezing: Meet Antarctica's First Citizen". WebEcoist. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- The Guinness Book of Records. 1986. p. 17.
- Gravminner i Norge, DISNorge.no; retrieved 14 June 2012. (in Norwegian)
- J. Robinson. Appendix B: Log of the Offley. In: Reminiscences. Hobart: Archives Office of Tasmania, 1906. pp. 98-99. (Transcribed and edited by D. Cerchi.)
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