Emily Faithfull

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Emily Faithfull
Emily Faithfull by Elliott & Fry 1860s (cropped).jpg
Born 1835
Headley, Surrey
Died 1895
Manchester
Occupation women's rights activist and publisher

Emily Faithfull (1835–1895) was an English women's rights activist, and publisher.

Biography[edit]

Emily Faithfull was born on 27 May 1835 at Headley Rectory, Surrey. She was the youngest daughter of the Rev. Ferdinand Faithfull and Elizabeth Mary Harrison. Faithfull attended school in Kensington and was presented at court in 1857. [1]

Faithfull joined the Langham Place Circle, composed of fellow like-minded women Barbara Leigh Smith Bodicon, Bessie Rayner Parkes, Jessie Boucherett, Emily Davies, and Helen Blackburn. The Langham Place Circle advocated for legal reform in women's status (including suffrage), women's employment, and improved educational opportunities for girls and women. Although Faithfull identified with all three aspects of the group's aims, her primary areas of interest centered on advancing women's employment opportunities. The Circle was responsible for forming the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women in 1859. [1]

In 1864, Faithfull was implicated by involvement in a divorce case between Admiral Henry Codrington and his wife Helen. Codrington was accused of attempting to rape Faithfull, however as the case developed these charges were later dropped and Faithfull declined to provide testimony. It was also suggested that Faithfull and Helen were lesbian lovers. As a result of Faithfull's limited involvement and association with the case, her reputation suffered and she was shunned by the Langham Place Group. [1] It was after this association with the case that Faithfull moved to destroy all of her private papers, in particular letters written to and from her family, leaving little behind besides her professional publications and a few treasured letters and clippings. [2]

Of her nephews, one was the actor Rutland Barrington[3] and another the Indologist John Faithfull Fleet, ICS. Amongst her friends she counted Richard Peacock, one of the founders of the Beyer Peacock Locomotive Company, to whom she dedicated the Edinburgh edition of her book Three Visits To America with the words to my "Friend Richard Peacock Esq of Gorton Hall" in 1882. She was also the witness to the marriage of Peacock's daughter Jane Peacock to William Taylor Birchenough, the son of John Birchenough another manufacturer cited in Three Visits To America for his treatment of women employees in his silk mill in Macclesfield, at Brookfield Unitarian Church which Richard Peacock built in Gorton.

In 1888 she was awarded a civil list pension of £50. She died in Manchester.[4]

She is the protagonist of Emma Donoghue's 2008 novel, The Sealed Letter, which concerns the Codrington divorce case of 1864.[5]

Victoria Press and Victoria Magazine[edit]

With the object of extending their sphere of labour, which was then very limited, in 1860 she set up in London a printing establishment for women, called The Victoria Press. From 1860 until 1866, Victoria Press published the feminist English Woman's Journal. Both Faithfull and her Victoria Press soon obtained a reputation for its excellent work, and Faithfull was shortly afterwards appointed printer and publisher in ordinary to Queen Victoria.[4]

In 1863 she began the publication of a monthly , Victoria Magazine, in which for eighteen years she continuously and earnestly advocated the claims of women to remunerative employment.

Activism[edit]

In January 1864 she published the first annual report of the Ladies' London Emancipation Society[6] and she went on to publish other works on behalf of this society.[7] In 1868 she published a novel, Change upon Change. She also appeared as a lecturer, and, with the object of furthering the interests of women, lectured widely and successfully both in England and the United States, which latter she visited in 1872 and 1882.

She was a member of the Society for Promoting the Employment of Women. She considered compositor's work (a comparatively lucrative trade of the time) to be a possible mode of employment for women to pursue. This upset the London Printer's Union, which was male-dominated and claimed that women lacked the intelligence and physical skill to be compositors.

Archives[edit]

The archives of Emily Faithfull are held at The Women's Library at the Library of the London School of Economics, ref 7EFA

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hunt, Felicity (May 2009). "'Faithfull, Emily (1835–1895)'". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Stone, James S. (1994). Emily Faithfull: Victorian Champion of Women’s Rights. Toronto: P.D. Meany. p. 23. 
  3. ^ *Barrington, Rutland (1908). Rutland Barrington: A Record of 35 Years' Experience on the English Stage. London: G. Richards. , p. 15, accessed 15 July 2010
  4. ^ a b Chisholm 1911.
  5. ^ Donoghue, Emma. "The Sealed Letter: Author's Note". Picador. Picador. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  6. ^ The first annual report of the Ladies' London Emancipation Society, January, 1864, WorldCat, retrieved July 2015
  7. ^ The Chivalry of the South, Emily Shirreff, 1864, Retrieved July 2015
Attribution

Sources[edit]

  • James S. Stone, Emily Faithfull: Victorian Champion of Women's Rights. Toronto: P.D. Meany, 1994
  • Emily Faithfull, Three Visits to America. Edinburgh, 1884

External links[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.