Portrait of Emily Howland from American Women
November 20, 1827|
Sherwood, New York
|Died||June 29, 1929(aged 101)|
Emily Howland (November 20, 1827 – June 29, 1929) was a philanthropist and educator. She was a strong supporter of both women's rights and the temperance movement and was an advocate for black education. Howland personally financed the education of many black girls and contributed to institutions such as the Tuskegee Institute.
An active abolitionist, Howland taught at Normal School for Colored Girls in Washington, D.C. from 1857 to 1859. During the Civil War she worked in Arlington, Virginia teaching freed slaves to read and write as well as administering to the sick during a smallpox outbreak. In 1867, she established the Howland Chapel School in Northumberland County, Virginia for the children of slaves.
In 1882 she assumed control over the Sherwood Select school as owner and consulting head, a position she held up to her one hundredth year in 1927, at which point it was renamed the Emily Howland School by the New York State Board of Regents. She became the first female director of a national bank in the United States, at the Aurora National Bank in Aurora, New York in 1890, where she served up to her death, at age 101. Howland was also active in women's suffrage and peace.
Also active in temperance, she was a member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. In 1926 she received the Litt.D. degree from the University of the State of New York. She was the first woman to have this honor conferred upon her from this institution. She was also the author of the book Historical Sketch of Friends in Cayuga County.
- Locke, Mamie E. (February 2000). "Emily Howland". American National Biography Online. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- Jeffrey M. O'Dell and Carolyn E. Jett (June 1989). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Howland Chapel School" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.
- Judith Colucci Breault (1981). The Odyssey of a Humanitarian: Emily Howland, 1827-1929. Ayer Publishing. ISBN 0-405-14076-2.