Emily Thornton Charles
|Emily Thornton Charles|
March 21, 1845
Lafayette, Indiana, U.S.
April 25, 1895 (aged 50)|
|Resting place||Rock Creek Cemetery|
|Pen name||Emily Hawthorne|
|Occupation||poet, journalist, suffragist, newspaper founder|
|Notable works||Hawthorne Blossoms (1876); Lyrical Poems, Songs, Pastorals, War Poems, and Madrigals (1886)|
|Spouse||Daniel B. Charles|
She was educated in the schools of Indianapolis, and was married at an early age. Her husband died in 1869, leaving her with two children to support. In 1874, she began a successful career as a journalist, at first as correspondent and reporter for various newspapers, and later as editor. She was associate editor of the book entitled Eminent men of Indiana. In 1881, she became managing editor of the Washington World and was the founder, manager and editor of the National Veteran at Washington, D. C. She was actively identified with the National woman suffrage convention, the national woman's press association, and the society of American authors. Her published writings, under the pseudonym "Emily Hawthorne," include Hawthorne Blossoms (1876); and Lyrical Poems, Songs, Pastorals, War Poems, and Madrigals (1886). 
Early years and family
Emily Thornton was born in Lafayette, Indiana, March 21, 1845 She comes of English ancestors, the Thorntons and Parkers. On the paternal side, the Thorntons were noted as original thinkers. Her great-grandfather, Elisha Thornton, carried a sword in the American Revolutionary War. Her grandfather, also Elisha Thornton, resident of Sodus, New York, served in the War of 1812. Her father, James M. Thornton, served in the Union Army and died during the American Civil War in 1864, and of her two brothers, Charles lost his life in the Civil War. and Gardner served in Harrison's regiment. The Parkers, her maternal ancestors, were among the early Puritans. Deacon Edmund Parker settled in Reading, Massachusetts, about 1719, the family removing thereafter to Pepperell, Massachusetts, which town they helped to found. For more than a century, from father to son, the Parkers were deacons and leaders of the choir in the Congregational Church. When Emily's grandfather married, the couple took a wedding journey in a sleigh to find a new home in Lyons, New York, taking with them their household goods. Twenty years later, their daughter, Harriet Parker, was married to James M. Thornton, a civil engineer, son of Elisha. The young couple moved to Lafayette, where Mr. Thornton established a large manufactory. 
Emily Thornton was educated in the free schools of Indianapolis. As a child in school, she attracted attention by the excellence of her written exercises and her original manner of handling given subjects. 
At the age of 16, she became a teacher. She married, while very young, Daniel B. Charles, son of a businessman long established in Indianapolis. At the age of 24, she was left a widow, in delicate health, with two young children dependent upon her.
Soon after the death of her husband, 1874, she began to write for a livelihood, doing reportoring and editorial work for Indianapolis papers and correspondence for outside publications. She succeeded at her tasks and having chosen journalism as a profession, she perfected herself in all its branches. She published her first volume of verse under the title Hawthorn Blossoms (Philadelphia, 1876). This book was received well and proved a literary and financial success. From the Centennial year to 1880, she continued to do newspaper work and biographical writing. She was associate editor of Eminent Men of Indiana. In 1881, she accepted a position as managing editor of the Washington World. Afterwards, she established The National Veteran in Washington, D. C., of which she was sole proprietor and editor.
In 1883, Charles was prostrated through overwork and was confined to her bed for an entire year. While recovering slowly, she spent a year in revising and preparing for publication her later poems. The work appeared in Lyrical Poems, Songs, Pastorals, War Poems, and Madrigals (Philadelphia, 1886), a volume of 300 pages. That volume fully established her reputation as a national poet. She was a member of the executive committee of the National Woman's Press Association and chairman of the executive council of the Society of American Authors. Charles wrote almost exclusively under the name of "Emily Thornton", though "Emily Hawthorne" was also used.
She appeared upon the lecture platform with success. On the occasion of her departure from Indiana, when a complimentary farewell testimonial was tendered her by the leading citizens of Indianapolis, in 1880, she made a brilliant address. In 1882, she addressed an audience of 1,500 ex-prisoners of war in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her poetical address on "Woman's Sphere" was delivered before a National Woman's Suffrage Convention. She was selected as one of the speakers at the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. She died in Washington City, where the latter part of her life was spent. She died April 25, 1895 in Washington DC, and was buried in Rock Creek Cemetery.
- Hawthorn blossoms (1876)
- Lyrical poems, songs, pastorals, roundelays, war poems, madrigals. (1886)
- Brown 1900, p. 619.
- Willard & Livermore 1893, p. 169.
- Moulton 1893, p. 153-54.
- Moulton 1893, p. 154.
- Rowell 1883, p. 814.
- Carty 2015, p. 97.
- Parker & Heiney 1900, p. 424.
- "Death of Emily Thornton Charles. Logansport Reporter. Logansport, Indiana. April 29, 1895, p 6". Logansport Reporter. 29 April 1895. p. 6. Retrieved 4 October 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "District of Columbia Deaths, 1874–1961," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:F7RZ-KQ5 : accessed 4 October 2017), Emily Thornton Charles, 25 Apr 1895, District of Columbia, United States; citing reference ID 101693, District Records Center, Washington D.C.; FHL microfilm 2,135,981.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Brown, John Howard (1900). Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States (Public domain ed.). James H. Lamb Company.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Moulton, C.W. (1893). The Magazine of Poetry and Literary Review (Public domain ed.). C.W. Moulton.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Parker, Benjamin Strattan; Heiney, Enos Boyd (1900). Poets and Poetry of Indiana: A Representative Collection of the Poetry of Indiana During the First Hundred Years of Its History as Territory and State, 1800 to 1900 (Public domain ed.). Silver, Burdett.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rowell, George Presbury (1883). Geo. P. Rowell and Co.'s American Newspaper Directory (Public domain ed.). Printers' Ink Publishing Company.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice (1893). A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life (Public domain ed.). Moulton.
- Carty, T.J. (December 2015). A Dictionary of Literary Pseudonyms in the English Language. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-95578-6.
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