Emine Gülbahar Hatun

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For other uses, see Gülbahar.
Gülbahar Hatun
Gülbahar Hatun tomb.jpg
The interior appearance of the tomb in Gülbahar's mausoleum at the Fatih Mosque, Istanbul.
Born c. 1432
Died 1492
Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Fatih Mosque, Istanbul
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Fatih Sultan Mehmed
Children "Gevher-Han Sultan", who married Akkoyunlu Sultan Uzun Hasan's son[1] "Şâh-Zâde Uğurlu Damad Muhammed Mirza Paşa" (d. 1477) in 1474 and Adoptive/Step-son Bayezid II

Emine Gülbahar Hatun (c. 1432–1492) was the first wife Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, and Valide Sultan during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II for eleven years from 1481 until 1492.


She married Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in 1446 at Manisa.[1]


There are differing views of her origin. The Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah), which means that her father was possibly a convert to Islam. Among theories are:

  • Albanian origin.[2]
  • Pontic Greek from Douvera in Trabzon.[3]

Valide Sultan[edit]

There are differing views of her issue:

Gülbahar's mausoleum at the Fatih Mosque, Istanbul.

When Bayezid II ascended the throne, Gülbahar acquired the equivalent title of Valide Sultan (since Ayşe Hafsa Sultan being the First Valide Sultan as equivalent to the Queen Mother) for eleven years as the widow of Mehmed II.

In popular culture[edit]

In 2012 film, Fetih 1453, Gülbahar was portrayed by Şahika Koldemir.

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ a b c The Imperial House of Osman - 3
  2. ^ Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-691-01078-1. 
  3. ^ Heath W. Lowry (1 February 2012). The Nature of the Early Ottoman State. SUNY Press. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-0-7914-8726-6. Mother of Bayezid II was Gülbahar Hatun (a Pontic Greek from the village of Douvera in Trabzon) 
  4. ^ "Sultan II. Bayezid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 6 February 2009. 
  5. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 129, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  6. ^ Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea. p. 69. The graves of Gül-Bahars are very well khown. First one - Gülbahar Hatun I is in Fatih Mosque in Istanbul and the second one - Gülbahar Hatun II is in Gül-Bahar Hatun Mosque in Trabzon. Only the grave of Aisha Hatun, who was the Fourth wife of Bayezid II and the daughter of Alaüddevle Bozkurt Bey, the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadirids centered around Elbistan in Kahramanmaraş, is unknown. We do not have any documents about Aisha Hatun." He supports the theory of "Aisha Gulbahar". Another reason for this confusion is that Bayezid's mother was also Gulbahar. 
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Emine Hatun
Valide Sultan
Succeeded by
Ayşe Hafsa Sultan