Emine Gülbahar Hatun
The interior appearance of the tomb in Gülbahar's mausoleum at the Fatih Mosque, Istanbul.
Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire
|Fatih Mosque, Istanbul|
|Known for||Valide Sultan|
|Spouse(s)||Fatih Sultan Mehmed|
|Children||"Gevher-Han Sultan", who married Akkoyunlu Sultan Uzun Hasan's son "Şâh-Zâde Uğurlu Damad Muhammed Mirza Paşa" (d. 1477) in 1474 and Adoptive/Step-son Bayezid II|
There are differing views of her origin. The Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah), which means that her father was possibly a convert to Islam. Among theories are:
- Albanian origin.
- Pontic Greek from Douvera in Trabzon.
There are differing views of her issue:
- She was mother of "Gevher-Han Sultan", who married the son of Akkoyunlu Sultan Uzun Hasan, "Şâh-Zâde Uğurlu Damad Muhammed Mirza Paşa" in 1474, and the adoptive/step-mother of Bayezid II since they have provided evidence that the daughter of Zülkadiroğlu Süleyman Bey of the Beylik of Dulkadir, Sittişah Hatun was the real-biological mother of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II.
- According to some other sources, on the other hand, she was the real-mother of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II as well.
When Bayezid II ascended the throne, Gülbahar acquired the equivalent title of Valide Sultan (since Ayşe Hafsa Sultan being the First Valide Sultan as equivalent to the Queen Mother) for eleven years as the widow of Mehmed II.
In popular culture
- Peirce, Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5 (paperback).
- Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).
- The Imperial House of Osman - 3
- Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-691-01078-1.
- Heath W. Lowry (1 February 2012). The Nature of the Early Ottoman State. SUNY Press. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-0-7914-8726-6.
Mother of Bayezid II was Gülbahar Hatun (a Pontic Greek from the village of Douvera in Trabzon)
- "Sultan II. Bayezid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
- Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 129, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
- Necdet Sakaoğlu (2007). Famous Ottoman women. Avea. p. 69.
The graves of Gül-Bahars are very well khown. First one - Gülbahar Hatun I is in Fatih Mosque in Istanbul and the second one - Gülbahar Hatun II is in Gül-Bahar Hatun Mosque in Trabzon. Only the grave of Aisha Hatun, who was the Fourth wife of Bayezid II and the daughter of Alaüddevle Bozkurt Bey, the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadirids centered around Elbistan in Kahramanmaraş, is unknown. We do not have any documents about Aisha Hatun." He supports the theory of "Aisha Gulbahar". Another reason for this confusion is that Bayezid's mother was also Gulbahar.
Ayşe Hafsa Sultan