|• Mayor||Heinrich Strenge (SPD)|
|• Total||48.52 km2 (18.73 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Density||150/km2 (390/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||0 59 43|
Emlichheim lies right on the German-Dutch border. The community is bordered on the south by the river Vechte and on the north by the Coevorden-Picardy Canal. It is the administrative seat of the Samtgemeinde Emlichheim, whose members also include Hoogstede, Laar and Ringe. Over the last few years the village has experienced massive growth due to the inflow of Dutch nationals.
Emlichheim has existed at least since Charlemagne’s time. In a document from 1312, the community crops up under the name Emminchem.
Council’s current composition (19 seats in total):
(State: municipal election by 11. September 2011)
The firm Emsland-Stärke, with its location in Emlichheim, is one of Europe’s starch producers. Over a million metric tons of potatoes delivered from within a region with a radius of some 150 km are processed here every year, thereby making Emsland-Stärke the community’s largest employer.
Some 8 km west of Emlichheim lies the border-straddling industrial park within the communities of Laar in Germany and Coevorden in the Netherlands called EUROPARK. Here, a hotly disputed rubbish burning site, the Müllverbrennungsanlage Emlichheim, is supposed to be built by a private Dutch investor.
Emlichheim has a primary school, a Hauptschule-Realschule, a Gymnasium for secondary level 1 and a special school. These schools supply basic educational needs, but further needs must be sought either in Neuenhaus (Lise-Meitner-Gymnasium) or in the district seat of Nordhorn. In Nordhorn learners have almost every possibility at their disposal (general-education Gymnasien, specialized Gymnasien, vocational training schools, and so on).
Sons and daughters of the community
- Dr. Frank Schindelhauer, medical corps brigadier
- Herbert Wagner: Die Gestapo war nicht allein... Politische Sozialkontrolle und Staatsterror im deutsch - niederländischen Grenzgebiet 1929 - 1945. LIT Verlag. Münster 2004 (contains, among other things, illegal border crossings, struggle between church and state)