Emmanuel Anquetil

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Emmanuel Anquetil (1885-1946)[1][2] was a Mauritian trade unionist, and the second leader of the Mauritius Labour Party.


Anquetil spent much of his youth in England[3] among the dockers and through this became acquainted with trade unionism.

Labour Party[edit]

When he returned to Mauritius, he helped to found the Labour Party[4] with Dr. Maurice Curé,[5][6] and fought for the rights of labourers and workers.[7] He saw much injustice and was of opinion that "the workers on the sugar estates were better off when they were slaves".[8] In 1938, he was deported to Rodrigues by the British colonial government for organising strikes in defence of dockers' rights. He spent much time touring the island campaigning for a more liberal form of government, and took part in debates on the revision of the constitution.


His long tours around the island affected his health, and he died in 1946[2] of pneumonia before the new constitution came into being. He was succeeded by Guy Rozemont as leader of the Labour Party.[9]


  1. ^ Martine Maurel (February 2007). Mauritius. New Holland Publishers. pp. 98–. ISBN 978-1-84537-647-5. 
  2. ^ a b A New Comprehensive History of Mauritius Vol 1. Sydney Selvon. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-99949-34-94-2. 
  3. ^ Lindsey Collen; Tuzyaline Jita Allan (1993). The Rape of Sita. Feminist Press at CUNY. pp. 13–. ISBN 978-1-55861-394-2. 
  4. ^ IBP, Inc. (1 June 2015). Mauritius Criminal Law Regulations and Procedures Handbook - Strategic Information, Regulations, Procedures. Lulu.com. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-1-5145-0756-8. 
  5. ^ Anand Mulloo (2007). Voices of the Indian Diaspora. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-81-208-3197-1. 
  6. ^ Paul Younger (29 October 2009). New Homelands: Hindu Communities in Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad, South Africa, Fiji, and East Africa. Oxford University Press. pp. 50–. ISBN 978-0-19-045298-8. 
  7. ^ Story of the Independence of Mauritius, M. Chintamunnee, Star Publications (P) Ltd, India
  8. ^ The Diary of Sheila, L'Atelier d'ecriture, 2012
  9. ^ Advance, 5 March 1959