Emanuel Hirsch

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Emanuel Hirsch (June 14, 1888, Bentwisch, Province of Brandenburg - July 17, 1972, Göttingen) was a German Protestant theologian and also a member of the Nazi Party and the Nazi supporting body. He escaped denazification at the end of the war by obtaining an early medical retirement and pension from his University.

Hirsch studied at the Humboldt University of Berlin where his teachers were Karl Holl and Adolf von Harnack. He earned his PhD with the thesis Fichte's Philosophy of Religion in the context of his overall philosophical development (in German: Fichtes Religionsphilosophie im Rahmen der philosophischen Gesamtentwicklung Fichtes). Hirsch was a member of the Wingolf student fraternity.

He was a professor at Göttingen University (1921-1945). Shortly after the Nazi seizure of power he wrote:

"No other people of the world has a statesman who is so serious about Christendom; when Adolf Hitler concluded his great speech on May 1st with a prayer everybody could feel the wonderful candor therein."[1]

In 1933 Hirsch signed the Loyalty Oath of German Professors to Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist State.

Emanuel Hirsch joined the NSDAP[2] in 1937 and also became a Patron Member of the SS and joined the National Socialist People's Welfare.[3] Hirsch was a leader of the German Christians and an advisor of Reich Bishop Ludwig Müller.

Literary works[edit]

  • An editor of the "Theologische Literaturzeitung" (i.e. Theological Literary Magazine; with Adolf von Harnack, Emil Schürer)
  • Luthers Gottesanschauung, 1918
  • Jesus Christus, der Herr, 1926
  • Die idealistische Philosophie und das Christentum. Gesammelte Aufsätze., 1926 (i.e. Idealism and Christianity. Collected Essays)
  • Kierkegaardstudien, 1933
  • Die gegenwärtige geistige Lage im Spiegel philosophischer und theologischer Besinnung. Akademische Vorlesungen zum Verständnis des deutschen Jahres 1933, 1934 (i.e. The contemporary spiritual situation in the mirror of philosophical and theological consciousness. Academic lectures for the understanding of the German Year 1933.)
  • Hilfsbuch zum Studium der Dogmatik, 1937 (Manual for Studying Dogmatics), 4th ed. 2002, ISBN 3-11-001242-1
  • Leitfaden zur christlichen Lehre, 1938 (i.e. Compendium for the Christian Doctrine)
  • Die Auferstehungsgeschichten und der christliche Glaube, 1940 (i.e. Resurrection Narratives and the Christian Faith)
  • Frühgeschichte des Evangelismus, 1941

References[edit]

  1. ^ German Wikipedia; original text: „Kein einziges Volk der Welt hat so wie das unsere einen Staatsmann, dem es so ernst um das Christliche ist; als Adolf Hitler am 1. Mai seine große Rede mit einem Gebet schloß, hat die ganze Welt die wunderbare Aufrichtigkeit darin gespürt.“
  2. ^ Manfred Schlenke: Der Führer als „Fingerzeig Gottes“; in: Die Zeit, 29. May 1987, No. 23.
  3. ^ Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Zweite aktualisierte Auflage, Frankfurt am Main 2005, p. 258.

External links[edit]