Emmanuele de Gregorio

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Emmanuele de Gregorio
Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed31 May 1829
Term ended7 November 1839
PredecessorFrancesco Saverio Castiglioni
SuccessorCastruccio Castracane degli Antelminelli
Other post(s)
Consecration31 May 1829
by Giulio Maria della Somaglia
Created cardinal8 March 1816
by Pope Pius VII
RankCardinal-Priest (1816–29)
Cardinal-Bishop (1829–39)
Personal details
Emmanuele de Gregorio

18 December 1758
at sea en route to Spain
Died7 November 1839(1839-11-07) (aged 80)
Rome, Papal States
BuriedSan Giuseppe a Capo le Case
ParentsLeopoldo de Gregorio
María Josefa Verdugo y Quijada
Previous post(s)

Emmanuele de Gregorio (18 December 1758 – 7 November 1839) was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and son of Leopoldo de Gregorio, Marquis of Esquilache.[1]


De Gregorio was born at sea while his mother was traveling to Spain.[2] Although he had one other cardinal among his relatives, no other information about his early life survives. However, by age 22 in 1780 he had become archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica and in the following two decades became caught up in the controversy of the French Revolution, being imprisoned in 1798 and kept in captivity between 1811 and 1814. He was deputy vicar of Rome for long periods from 1795 to 1818 as the actual vicar, Cardinal Giulio Maria della Somaglia, was frequently absent. However, it is known that at one point the revolutionary government of France had planned to create him antipope in opposition to Pope Pius VI when he condemned the French Revolution in 1791.

In 1816, Pope Pius VII made De Gregorio a cardinal and in the following decade he rose to be one of the most powerful men in the Church. In both the 1829 and 1830 conclaves, he was considered one of the leading papabili but had too many opponents to be elected Pope.

He died in Rome in 1839.[3]


  1. ^ "Emmanuele Cardinal de Gregorio [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 2023-05-09.
  2. ^ "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of September 23, 1816". cardinals.fiu.edu. Retrieved 2023-05-09.
  3. ^ "Collections Online | British Museum". www.britishmuseum.org. Retrieved 2023-05-09.

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