Emmaville, New South Wales
New South Wales
View of Emmaville
|Population||519 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||890 m (2,920 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Glen Innes Severn Council|
|State electorate(s)||Northern Tablelands|
|Federal Division(s)||New England|
Emmaville is at an elevation of 890 metres AHD. At the 2006 census, the Emmaville "urban centre/locality" had a population of 247 (in the 2001 census it was 303) and there were 535 persons usually resident in the Emmaville region.
Emmaville is located on the lands of the Ngarabal people, and the area remains of great significance to them today. The Ngarabal name for the land where the township is now located is "Marran", meaning "plenty of leeches".
Tin was first discovered on Strathbogie Station in 1872 and the settlement was called Vegetable Creek after the Chinese market gardens which developed to service the mining population. Being a private township it was never notified or proclaimed as a town or village. The population of the area in the early 1900s was about 7,000 and included 2,000 Chinese people. It was renamed in 1882 after the wife of the then state Governor Lord Augustus Loftus. The name Vegetable Creek is preserved in the name of the local 17-bed hospital.
A school was established in 1875 and it had 70-80 pupils in its first year. In 1927, the school moved to its present site.
Emmaville established the first medical fund in New South Wales, with aim of keeping a doctor in town and to build a hospital. In 1891, lectures were given at the hospital and the St John Ambulance Brigade was formed as a result of this.
Tin and arsenic were mined at the Ottery Mine, Tent Hill not far from Emmaville, from 1882 when a huge tin lode was found by Alexander Ottery. The site has now been rehabilitated by the NSW Department of Mineral Resources and is open to tourists.
This is described as "one of Australia's most famous manifestations of a cryptic animal". It is variously said to be a large black panther or a marsupial lion, and was sighted in February 1958 and on various occasions in the later 1950s and 1960s. There are no native big cats in Australia. One suggestion is that this beast escaped from a travelling circus whose owner chose not to report the escape.
Emmaville's industries are tourism, agriculture, and mining. There is a Mining Museum which includes a collection of mineral specimens and photographs of the town's history. Fossicking is a local tourist activity.
This neat and tidy village has a post office, general store, two craft shops, a swimming pool, a caravan site and two hotels. Emmaville also has a pre-school and a central public school with 60 primary and 28 secondary pupils. Since 2004 Emmaville School has catered for stage 6 students in year 11 and 12 although all of their studies except English and Maths are supplied by Dubbo school of Distance Education. The Vegetable Creek Hospital in Emmaville has 13 residential beds, 4 acute beds and 2 accident and emergency beds a total of 19 beds and is part of the Hunter New England Local Health District.
Emmaville is served by the Deepwater Community and Districts Radio, 2CBD transmitting on 91.1 FM and available for streaming on My Radio 2CBD. This is a local community Radio Station operated by volunteer Presenters and Management. Supported by way of sponsorship from local businesses and community groups the programing includes Community announcements, Public Notices, Weather, Local and National News. Music content varies from Country and Western, Modern Pop, Celtic and Religious.
Emmaville has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
Notable people from or having lived in Emmaville include:
- Richard 'Dick' Ashley Atkinson (1913-1944) was born on 21 May 1931 at Emmaville. He was an air force officer, part of the British defence force and a mining engineer.
- Frank James Coughlan (1904-1979), jazz musician
- Clifford Kwan-Gett, an engineer, physician, and artificial heart pioneer.
- Thomas James Richards (1882-1935), army officer, Olympian, rugby union coach and player and sports writer
- Arthur H. P. Moline (1877-1965) managed the Cock's Pioneer Tin operation from 1909 to 1913; his three sons were all born in the cottage hospital in Emmaville; he was a Mining Engineer who knew Dick Atkinson, and he went on to have a noted career, including managing Mt Lyell in Tasmania, and being heavily involved in the uranium industry in the 1950s and 1960s.
- Charles Curnow Scherf (1917-1949), airforce officer, grazier and soldier
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Emmaville (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Emmaville (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- 2006 Census QuickStats : Emmaville (State Suburb)
- MacPherson, J. (1930). "Some Aboriginal place names in Northern New South Wales." Royal Australian Historical Society, Journal and Proceedings, 16 (2), 120-131.
- "Emmaville Mining Museum". Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- Donald, J.Kay, Exploring the North Coast and New England, Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, 1987.
- "Emmaville Central School". Retrieved 2007-11-11.
- Readers Digest Guide to Australian Places, Readers Digest, Sydney.
- "The Emmaville Panther". Thylacoleo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "The Big Cat files: the Emmaville Panther". Archived from the original on 2007-10-11. Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- "Multipurpose services". New England Local Health District. NSW Government. Archived from the original on 31 March 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015. Follow "Emmaville" link
- "Ottery Mine". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00392. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- Vincent, David. "Atkinson, Richard Ashley (Dick) (1913–1944)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- Bisset, Andrew. "Coughlan, Frank James (1904–1979)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- Wilkey, Don. "Richards, Thomas James (Tom) (1882–1935)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
- McCarthy, John. "Scherf, Charles Curnow (1917–1949)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 30 March 2015.