Emmelia of Caesarea
|Emmelia (or Emilia) of Caesarea|
|Died||30 May 375
Caesarea in Cappadocia
|Venerated in||Catholic Church
|Feast||30 May (Western Church, Some Eastern Churches)
8 May (Some Eastern Churches)
1 January (Russian Orthodox)
|Attributes||Mother of Saints|
Emmelia of Caesarea (Cappadocia, Central Anatolia, Turkey) (died May 30, 375) was born in the fourth century, a period in time when Christianity was becoming more widespread, posing a challenge to the Roman government and its Pagan rule. She was the wife of Basil the Elder and bore nine or ten children, including Basil of Caesarea (born circa 330), Macrina the Younger, Peter of Sebaste, Gregory of Nyssa, and Naucratius.
Emmelia—also known as Emilia or Emily—is venerated as a saint in both the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church and is said to have died on May 30, 375. However, she is not the only woman in her family to be venerated as a saint. Both her mother-in-law, Macrina the Elder, as well as her daughters, Macrina the Younger and Theosebia are recognized as saints in the Catholic Church (except for Theosebia) and Eastern Orthodox Church.
Emmelia spent much of her later years living with her eldest daughter, Macrina the Younger. Macrina the Younger had a profound impact on her mother. With her husband no longer around, Emmelia and her daughter lived a life dedicated to Christianity, surrounded by servants whom they treated as equals, at Macrina the Younger's insistence. Their ascetic way of life attracted a following of women which created a convent-like atmosphere, where one was considered rich if she lived a pure and devout Christian life and disregarded the materialistic lure of earthly pleasures and possessions.
- Brown, Peter (2008-07-03) . The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity. Columbia Classics in Religion (Twentieth-anniversary ed.). Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0231144070.
- Velimirovic, Nikolai (2002). Prologue for May 8 [in Julian calendar]. Diocese of Sydney, Australia and New Zealand of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. The Prologue from Ohrid: Lives of Saints, Hymns, Reflections and Homilies for Every Day of the Year (Volume 1: January to June) (in English translated from Serbian). 1. Serbian Orthodox Diocese Western America. ISBN 9780971950504. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
- Bowersock, Glen Warren; Brown, Peter; Grabar, Oleg, eds. (1999). Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World]. Harvard University Press. p. 336. ISBN 978-0-67451-173-6.
- Pope Benedict XIV (1749). "Martyrologium Romanum - 30 May" (in Latin). Retrieved 2016-07-16.
Caesareae, in Cappadocia, sanctorum Basilii et Emmeliae uxoris, qui fuerunt parentes beatorum Basilii Magni et Gregorii Nysseni ac Petri Sebastensis Episcoporum, atque Macrinae Virginis. Hi vero sancti conjuges, tempore Galerii Maximiani, extorres facti, Ponticas solitudines incoluere; ef post persecutionem, filiis suarum relictis virtutum heredibus, in pace quieverunt. [At Caesarea in Cappadocia, the holy Basil and Emmelia his wife, who were the parents of the blessed Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa, and Peter, Bishop of Sebaste, and Macrina, virgin. These holy spouses, in the time of Galerius Maximian, banished, and have the deserts of Pontus; after the persecution, leaving their children heirs of their virtues, died in peace.]
- Gregory of Nyssa: The Life of Macrina, trans. by W.K. Lowther Clarke, (London: SPCK, 1916)
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