Emoticons (Unicode block)

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Emoticons
RangeU+1F600..U+1F64F
(80 code points)
PlaneSMP
ScriptsCommon
Assigned80 code points
Unused0 reserved code points
Unicode version history
6.063 (+63)
6.176 (+13)
7.078 (+2)
8.080 (+2)
Note: [1][2]

Emoticons is a Unicode block containing emoticons or emoji.[3][4][5] Most of them are intended as representations of faces, although some of them include hand gestures or non-human characters (a horned "imp", monkeys, cartoon cats).

The block was first proposed in 2008, and first implemented in Unicode version 6.0 (2010). The reason for its adoption was largely for compatibility with a de-facto standard that had been established by the early 2000s by Japanese telephone carriers, encoded in unused ranges with lead bytes 0xF5 to 0xF9 of the Shift JIS standard.[6] KDDI has gone much further than this, and has introduced hundreds more in the space with lead bytes 0xF3 and 0xF4.[7]

Descriptions[edit]

1F600 ๐Ÿ˜€ grinning face
1F601 ๐Ÿ˜ grinning face with smiling eyes
1F602 ๐Ÿ˜‚ face with tears of joy
1F603 ๐Ÿ˜ƒ smiling face with open mouth (c.f. โ˜บ)
1F604 ๐Ÿ˜„ smiling face with open mouth and smiling eyes
1F605 ๐Ÿ˜… smiling face with open mouth and cold sweat
1F606 ๐Ÿ˜† smiling face with open mouth and tightly-closed eyes
1F607 ๐Ÿ˜‡ smiling face with halo
1F608 ๐Ÿ˜ˆ smiling face with horns (c.f. ๐Ÿ‘ฟ "imp")
1F609 ๐Ÿ˜‰ winking face
1F60A ๐Ÿ˜Š smiling face with smiling eyes
1F60B ๐Ÿ˜‹ face savouring delicious food
1F60C ๐Ÿ˜Œ relieved face
1F60D ๐Ÿ˜ smiling face with heart-shaped eyes
1F60E ๐Ÿ˜Ž smiling face with sunglasses
1F60F ๐Ÿ˜ smirking face
1F610 ๐Ÿ˜ neutral face (also used for "west wind" ่ฅฟ in some Mahjong annotation)
1F611 ๐Ÿ˜‘ expressionless face
1F612 ๐Ÿ˜’ unamused face
1F613 ๐Ÿ˜“ face with cold sweat
1F614 ๐Ÿ˜” pensive face
1F615 ๐Ÿ˜• confused face
1F616 ๐Ÿ˜– confounded face
1F617 ๐Ÿ˜— kissing face
1F618 ๐Ÿ˜˜ face throwing a kiss
1F619 ๐Ÿ˜™ kissing face with smiling eyes
1F61A ๐Ÿ˜š kissing face with closed eyes
1F61B ๐Ÿ˜› face with stuck-out tongue
1F61C ๐Ÿ˜œ face with stuck-out tongue and winking eye
1F61D ๐Ÿ˜ face with stuck-out tongue and tightly-closed eyes
1F61E ๐Ÿ˜ž disappointed face
1F61F ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ worried face
1F620 ๐Ÿ˜  angry face
1F621 ๐Ÿ˜ก pouting face
1F622 ๐Ÿ˜ข crying face
1F623 ๐Ÿ˜ฃ persevering face
1F624 ๐Ÿ˜ค Unicode: face with look of triumph, Apple: huffing with anger face
1F625 ๐Ÿ˜ฅ disappointed but relieved face
1F626 ๐Ÿ˜ฆ frowning face with open mouth
1F627 ๐Ÿ˜ง anguished face
1F628 ๐Ÿ˜จ fearful face
1F629 ๐Ÿ˜ฉ weary face
1F62A ๐Ÿ˜ช sleepy face
1F62B ๐Ÿ˜ซ tired face
1F62C ๐Ÿ˜ฌ grimacing face
1F62D ๐Ÿ˜ญ loudly crying face
1F62E ๐Ÿ˜ฎ face with open mouth
1F62F ๐Ÿ˜ฏ hushed face
1F630 ๐Ÿ˜ฐ face with open mouth and cold sweat
1F631 ๐Ÿ˜ฑ face screaming in fear
1F632 ๐Ÿ˜ฒ astonished face
1F633 ๐Ÿ˜ณ flushed face
1F634 ๐Ÿ˜ด sleeping face
1F635 ๐Ÿ˜ต dizzy face
1F636 ๐Ÿ˜ถ face without mouth (c.f. โš‡ "white circle with two dots")
1F637 ๐Ÿ˜ท face with medical mask
1F638 ๐Ÿ˜ธ grinning cat face with smiling eyes
1F639 ๐Ÿ˜น cat face with tears of joy
1F63A ๐Ÿ˜บ smiling cat face with open mouth
1F63B ๐Ÿ˜ป smiling cat face with heart-shape eyes
1F63C ๐Ÿ˜ผ cat face with wry smile
1F63D ๐Ÿ˜ฝ kissing cat face with closed eyes
1F63E ๐Ÿ˜พ pouting cat face
1F63F ๐Ÿ˜ฟ crying cat face
1F640 ๐Ÿ™€ weary cat face
1F641 ๐Ÿ™ slightly frowning face
1F642 ๐Ÿ™‚ slightly smiling face
1F643 ๐Ÿ™ƒ upside-down face
1F644 ๐Ÿ™„ face with rolling eyes
1F645 ๐Ÿ™… face with "no good" gesture, with lower arms crossed, derived from the TV game show Deal or No Deal (indicating "No Deal"). Intended as gender-neutral but represented as a woman on most platforms (Apple name: "Woman Gesturing No").
1F646 ๐Ÿ™† face with "ok" gesture, described as a person with arms raised above the head forming a "circle", interpreted as "OK sign". Intended as gender-neutral but represented as a woman on most platforms (Apple name: "Woman Gesturing OK").
1F647 ๐Ÿ™‡ person bowing (dogeza), depicted as a man on most platforms (Apple name: "Man Bowing")
1F648 ๐Ÿ™ˆ see-no-evil monkey
1F649 ๐Ÿ™‰ hear-no-evil monkey
1F64A ๐Ÿ™Š speak-no-evil monkey
1F64B ๐Ÿ™‹ happy person raising one hand, a person raising one hand as if to answer a question, intended as gender-neutral but represented as a woman on most platforms (Apple name: "Happy Woman Raising One Hand")
1F64C ๐Ÿ™Œ person raising both hands in celebration, on many platforms depicted as just the raised hands (Apple name: "Hands Raised in Celebration")
1F64D ๐Ÿ™ person frowning
1F64E ๐Ÿ™Ž person with pouting face
1F64F ๐Ÿ™ person with folded hands (to indicate variously sorrow, regret, pleading, praying, bowing, thanking). In most platforms depicted as just the hand, pressed together but not folded (Apple name: "Hands Pressed Together").

Table[edit]

Emoticons[1]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1F60x 😀 😁 😂 😃 😄 😅 😆 😇 😈 😉 😊 😋 😌 😍 😎 😏
U+1F61x 😐 😑 😒 😓 😔 😕 😖 😗 😘 😙 😚 😛 😜 😝 😞 😟
U+1F62x 😠 😡 😢 😣 😤 😥 😦 😧 😨 😩 😪 😫 😬 😭 😮 😯
U+1F63x 😰 😱 😲 😳 😴 😵 😶 😷 😸 😹 😺 😻 😼 😽 😾 😿
U+1F64x 🙀 🙁 🙂 🙃 🙄 🙅 🙆 🙇 🙈 🙉 🙊 🙋 🙌 🙍 🙎 🙏
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0

Variant forms[edit]

Each emoticon has two variants:

  • U+FE0E (VARIATION SELECTOR-15) selects text presentation (e.g. ๐Ÿ˜Š︎ 😐︎ โ˜น︎),
  • U+FE0F (VARIATION SELECTOR-16) selects emoji-style (e.g. ๐Ÿ˜Š️ 😐️ โ˜น️).

If there is no variation selector appended, the default is the emoji-style. Example:

Unicode code points Result
U+1F610 (NEUTRAL FACE) ๐Ÿ˜
U+1F610 (NEUTRAL FACE), U+FE0E (VARIATION SELECTOR-15) 😐︎
U+1F610 (NEUTRAL FACE), U+FE0F (VARIATION SELECTOR-16) 😐️

Emoji modifiers[edit]

The Miscellaneous Symbols and Pictographs block has 52 emoji that represent people or body parts. A set of "Emoji modifiers" are defined for emojis that represent people or body parts. These are modifier characters intended to define the skin colour to be used for the emoji. The draft document suggesting the introduction of this system for the representation of "human diversity" was submitted in 2015 by Mark Davis of Google and Peter Edberg of Apple Inc.[8] Five symbol modifier characters were added with Unicode 8.0 to provide a range of skin tones for human emoji. These modifiers are called EMOJI MODIFIER FITZPATRICK TYPE-1-2, -3, -4, -5, and -6 (U+1F3FBโ€“U+1F3FF): ๐Ÿป ๐Ÿผ ๐Ÿฝ ๐Ÿพ ๐Ÿฟ. They are based on the Fitzpatrick scale for classifying human skin color.

Human emoji
U+ 1F645 1F646 1F647 1F64B 1F64C 1F64D 1F64E 1F64F
emoji ๐Ÿ™… ๐Ÿ™† ๐Ÿ™‡ ๐Ÿ™‹ ๐Ÿ™Œ ๐Ÿ™ ๐Ÿ™Ž ๐Ÿ™
FITZ-1-2 ๐Ÿ™…🏻 ๐Ÿ™†🏻 ๐Ÿ™‡🏻 ๐Ÿ™‹🏻 ๐Ÿ™Œ🏻 ๐Ÿ™🏻 ๐Ÿ™Ž🏻 ๐Ÿ™🏻
FITZ-3 ๐Ÿ™…🏼 ๐Ÿ™†🏼 ๐Ÿ™‡🏼 ๐Ÿ™‹🏼 ๐Ÿ™Œ🏼 ๐Ÿ™🏼 ๐Ÿ™Ž🏼 ๐Ÿ™🏼
FITZ-4 ๐Ÿ™…🏽 ๐Ÿ™†🏽 ๐Ÿ™‡🏽 ๐Ÿ™‹🏽 ๐Ÿ™Œ🏽 ๐Ÿ™🏽 ๐Ÿ™Ž🏽 ๐Ÿ™🏽
FITZ-5 ๐Ÿ™…🏾 ๐Ÿ™†🏾 ๐Ÿ™‡🏾 ๐Ÿ™‹🏾 ๐Ÿ™Œ🏾 ๐Ÿ™🏾 ๐Ÿ™Ž🏾 ๐Ÿ™🏾
FITZ-6 ๐Ÿ™…🏿 ๐Ÿ™†🏿 ๐Ÿ™‡🏿 ๐Ÿ™‹🏿 ๐Ÿ™Œ🏿 ๐Ÿ™🏿 ๐Ÿ™Ž🏿 ๐Ÿ™🏿

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Emoticons block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
6.0 U+1F601..1F610, 1F612..1F614, 1F616, 1F618, 1F61A, 1F61C..1F61E, 1F620..1F625, 1F628..1F62B, 1F62D, 1F630..1F633, 1F635..1F640, 1F645..1F64F[b] 63 L2/09-007 Lommel, Arle (2008-12-26), Comparison of Emoticons from Major Vendors
L2/09-025R2 N3582[c] Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter (2009-03-05), Proposal for Encoding Emoji Symbols
L2/09-026R N3583 Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter (2009-02-06), Emoji Symbols Proposed for New Encoding
L2/09-027R2 N3681 Scherer, Markus (2009-09-17), Emoji Symbols: Background Data
L2/09-114 N3607 Towards an encoding of symbol characters used as emoji, 2009-04-06
L2/09-304 Anderson, Deborah (2009-08-15), US Position on PDAM 8
L2/09-370 N3711 Ogata, Katsuhiro; et al. (2009-10-22), A Proposal to Revise a Part of Emoticons in PDAM 8
L2/09-371 N3713 Pentzlin, Karl (2009-10-22), Comment on "A proposal to Revise a Part of Emoticons in PDAM 8" (Katsuhiro Ogata et al., N3711)
L2/09-412 N3722 Suignard, Michel (2009-10-26), Disposition of comments on SC2 N 4078 (PDAM text for Amendment 8 to ISO/IEC 10646:2003)
L2/10-036 N3769 Pentzlin, Karl (2010-01-26), Proposal to encode an emoticon Neutral Face
L2/10-061R Scherer, Markus; et al. (2010-02-04), "2, 4", Emoji: Review of FPDAM8
L2/10-066 N3790-ANSI Anderson, Deborah (2010-02-05), ANSI (U.S.) NB Comments on FPDAM 8
L2/10-015R Moore, Lisa (2010-02-09), "D.1.3", UTC #122 / L2 #219 Minutes
N3778 Ogata, Katsuhiro; Kamichi, Koichi; Moro, Shigeki; Kawabata, Taichi; Naoi, Yasushi (2010-03-03), Updated Proposal to Change Some Glyphs and Names of Emoticons
L2/10-089 N3777 KDDI Input on Emoji, 2010-03-08
L2/10-102 N3790 Summary of Voting on SC 2 N 4123, ISO/IEC 10646: 2003/FPDAM 8, 2010-03-27
L2/10-115 N3806 Ogata, Katsuhiro; Kamichi, Koichi; Moro, Shigeki; Kawabata, Taichi; Naoi, Yasushi (2010-04-06), Rationale for Proposal of N3778
L2/10-135 N3826 Everson, Michael (2010-04-22), Emoticons for FDIS 8
L2/10-137 N3828 Suignard, Michel (2010-04-22), Disposition of comments on SC2 N 4123 (FPDAM text for Amendment 8 to ISO/IEC 10646:2003)
L2/10-132 Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter (2010-04-27), Emoji Symbols: Background Data
L2/10-138 N3829 Constable, Peter; et al. (2010-04-27), Emoji Ad-Hoc Meeting Report
L2/10-108 Moore, Lisa (2010-05-19), "Consensus 123-C3", UTC #123 / L2 #220 Minutes
N3803 (pdf, doc) "M56.01", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting no. 56, 2010-09-24
L2/15-015R2 Davis, Mark; et al. (2015-01-21), Recommended Unicode Glyph / Nameslist changes
L2/15-071R Davis, Mark; Burge, Jeremy (2015-02-03), More Unicode Emoji Glyph changes
L2/15-141 (pdf, html) Davis, Mark; Edberg, Peter (2015-03-31), Emoji Glyph and Annotation Recommendations
L2/15-107 Moore, Lisa (2015-05-12), "Consensus 143-C20", UTC #143 Minutes, Update chart glyphs and annotations based on L2/15-151 for Unicode 8.0.
L2/15-199 Proposed annotation additions for Unicode 9.0, 2015-07-31
L2/16-281 Burge, Jeremy; Hunt, Paul (2016-10-17), Emoji Glyph Updates
L2/16-361 Pournader, Roozbeh; Felt, Doug (2016-11-07), Add text and emoji standardized variation sequences for 96 symbols
6.1 U+1F600, 1F611, 1F615, 1F617, 1F619, 1F61B, 1F61F, 1F626..1F627, 1F62C, 1F62E..1F62F, 1F634[b] 13 L2/09-007 Lommel, Arle (2008-12-26), Comparison of Emoticons from Major Vendors
L2/09-025R2 N3582[c] Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter (2009-03-05), Proposal for Encoding Emoji Symbols
L2/09-026R N3583 Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter (2009-02-06), Emoji Symbols Proposed for New Encoding
L2/09-027R2 N3681 Scherer, Markus (2009-09-17), Emoji Symbols: Background Data
L2/10-102 N3790 Summary of Voting on SC 2 N 4123, ISO/IEC 10646: 2003/FPDAM 8, 2010-03-27
L2/10-132 Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter (2010-04-27), Emoji Symbols: Background Data
L2/10-138 N3829 Constable, Peter; et al. (2010-04-27), "7", Emoji Ad-Hoc Meeting Report
N3803 (pdf, doc) "M56.01", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting no. 56, 2010-09-24
L2/15-015R2 Davis, Mark; et al. (2015-01-21), Recommended Unicode Glyph / Nameslist changes
L2/15-071R Davis, Mark; Burge, Jeremy (2015-02-03), More Unicode Emoji Glyph changes
L2/15-141 (pdf, html) Davis, Mark; Edberg, Peter (2015-03-31), Emoji Glyph and Annotation Recommendations
L2/15-107 Moore, Lisa (2015-05-12), "Consensus 143-C20", UTC #143 Minutes, Update chart glyphs and annotations based on L2/15-151 for Unicode 8.0.
7.0 U+1F641..1F642 2 L2/10-429 Pentzlin, Karl (2010-10-22), Proposal to encode three additional emoticons
L2/11-037 N3982 Proposal to encode three additional emoticons, 2011-01-03
L2/11-253 Whistler, Ken (2011-06-16), "I", WG2 consent docket
N4103 "11.6 Three additional emoticons", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 58, 2012-01-03
8.0 U+1F643..1F644 2 L2/14-174R Davis, Mark; Edberg, Peter (2014-08-27), Emoji Additions
L2/14-172R Davis, Mark; Edberg, Peter (2014-08-29), Proposed enhancements for emoji characters: background
L2/14-275 Edberg, Peter; et al. (2014-10-23), Emoji ad-hoc committee recommendations to UTC #141
L2/14-284R2 Edberg, Peter; Davis, Mark (2014-10-28), Emoji-System Compatibility Additions
L2/15-025 N4654 Anderson, Deborah (2014-10-30), Future Additions to ISO/IEC 10646
L2/15-030 Davis, Mark (2015-01-29), Emojipedia top requests
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ a b Refer to the history section of the Miscellaneous Symbols and Pictographs block for additional emoji-related documents
  3. ^ a b Japanese translation of N3582 is available as N3621

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ "UTR #51: Unicode Emoji". Unicode Consortium. 2019-02-04.
  4. ^ "UCD: Emoji Data for UTR #51". Unicode Consortium. 2019-01-15.
  5. ^ "UTS #51 Emoji Variation Sequences". The Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ "Original Emoji from DoCoMo". FileFormat.info.
  7. ^ "Original Emoji from KDDI". FileFormat.info.
  8. ^ "The default representation of these modifier characters when used alone is as a color swatch. Whenever one of these characters immediately follows certain characters (such as WOMAN), then a font should show the sequence as a single glyph corresponding to the image for the person(s) or body part with the specified skin tone" Draft Unicode Technical Report #51 "UNICODE EMOJI" Version 1.0 (draft 10) eds. Mark Davis (Google Inc.), Peter Edberg (Apple Inc.), 2015-05-08.