Emperor Ankan

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Ankan
Emperor of Japan
Reign10 March 531 – 25 January 536
PredecessorKeitai
SuccessorSenka
Born466
Died536 (aged 69–70)
Burial
Furuchi no Takaya no oka no misasagi (古市高屋丘陵) (Osaka)
Spouse
HouseImperial House of Japan
FatherEmperor Keitai
MotherMenokohime
ReligionShinto

Emperor Ankan (安閑天皇, Ankan-tennō) was the 27th Emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

No firm dates can be assigned to this Emperor's life or reign, but he is conventionally considered to have reigned from 531 to 536.[3]

Legendary narrative[edit]

According to the Kojiki, Prince Magari no Ōe (勾大兄皇子), later Emperor Ankan, was the elder son of Emperor Keitai, who is considered to have ruled the country during the early-6th century, though there is a paucity of information about him.[4] When Ankan was 66 years old, Keitai abdicated in favor of him.

Ankan's contemporary title would not have been tennō, as most historians believe this title was not introduced until the reigns of Emperor Tenmu and Empress Jitō. Rather, it was presumably Sumeramikoto or Amenoshita Shiroshimesu Ōkimi (治天下大王), meaning "the great king who rules all under heaven". Alternatively, Ankan might have been referred to as ヤマト大王/大君 or the "Great King of Yamato".

The most noteworthy event recorded during his reign was the construction of state granaries in large numbers throughout Japan, indicating the broad reach of imperial power at the time.[5]

Memorial Shinto shrine and mausoleum honoring Emperor Ankan

Ankan's grave is traditionally associated with the Takayatsukiyama kofun in Habikino, Osaka.

Genealogy[edit]

Empress: Princess Kasuga no Yamada (春日山田皇女, d.539), Emperor Ninken's daughter

Consort: Satehime (紗手媛), Kose no Ohito no Ōomi's daughter

Consort: Kakarihime (香香有媛), Kose no Ohito no Ōomi's daughter

Consort: Yakahime (宅媛), Mononobe no Itabi no Ōomuraji's daughter

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 安閑天皇 (27)
  2. ^ Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 120; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 33., p. 33, at Google Books
  3. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 44.
  4. ^ Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009.
  5. ^ Mason, Joseph. (2002). The Meaning of Shinto, p. 172., p. 172, at Google Books

References[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Keitai
Emperor of Japan:
Ankan

531–536
(traditional dates)
Succeeded by
Emperor Senka