Emperor Bing of Song

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Emperor Bing of Song
Song Modi.jpg
Emperor of Southern Song Dynasty
Reign 10 May 1278 – 19 March 1279
Predecessor Emperor Duanzong of Song
Successor None (end of dynasty)
Born 1271
Died 19 March 1279 (aged 8)
Yamen, Guangdong Province
Burial Shekou, Shenzhen
Father Emperor Duzong of Song
Mother Consort Yu

Emperor Bing of Song (Chinese: 宋帝昺; 1271 – 19 March 1279) was the last emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty of China. He was also known as Lord Perpetual-Nation (永國公 yongguo gong).

Born Zhào Bǐng (趙昺) to Emperor Duzong of Song, he was the younger brother of his predecessor, Emperor Duanzong of Song. His mother was Consort Yu (俞修容), who held the rank of Xiurong. He became Prince Xin (信王) in 1274 CE then two years later received the titles of Prince Guang (廣王/广王) and Prince Wei (衛王/卫王). When he was only eight years old, he was enthroned at Meiyu (梅蔚), Gangzhou (modern Silvermine Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong), on 10 May 1278 and his only era named Xiángxīng (祥興).

According to the History of Song (宋史) compiled under the Mongol Prime Minister Toqto'a, Emperor Bing is reported to have died at the Battle of Yamen on 19 March 1279. An official, Lu Xiufu who realized that all was lost, carried him and jumped into the sea in an act of defiance to the Mongol invaders close to Mount Ya (厓山) near the town of Yamen at the mouth of the West River (Xi River) in Guangdong.[1]

His tomb is in Shekou, Shenzhen.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ David C. Wright (2012). David Andrew Graff; Robin D. S. Higham, eds. A Military History of China. University Press of Kentucky. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-8131-3584-7. 
Emperor Bing of Song
House of Zhao (960–1279)
Born: 1271 Died: 1279
Regnal titles
Preceded by
The Duanzong Emperor
Emperor of the Song Dynasty
Succeeded by
Dynasty Dissolved
Emperor of China
Succeeded by
Kublai Khan, Emperor Shizu of Yuan Dynasty