Emperor Duanzong

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Emperor Duanzong of Song
Song Duanzong.jpg
Emperor of the Song dynasty
Reign14 June 1276 – 8 May 1278
Coronation14 June 1276
PredecessorEmperor Gong
SuccessorZhao Bing
BornZhao Shi
10 July 1269
Died8 May 1278(1278-05-08) (aged 8)
Era dates
Jingyan (景炎; 1276–1278)
Posthumous name
Yuwen Zhaowu Minxiao Huangdi
Xiaogong Renyu Cisheng Ruiwen Yingwu Qinzheng Huangdi
Temple name
Duanzong (端宗)
HouseHouse of Zhao
FatherEmperor Duzong
MotherLady Yang
Emperor Duanzong of Song
Literal meaning"Final Ancestor of the Song"
Zhao Shi
Traditional Chinese趙昰
Simplified Chinese赵昰

Emperor Duanzong of Song (10 July 1269 – 8 May 1278), personal name Zhao Shi, was the 17th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the eighth and penultimate emperor of the Southern Song dynasty. He was the fifth son of Emperor Duzong and an elder brother of his predecessor, Emperor Gong and successor Zhao Bing.

Emperor Gong along with Grand Dowager Xie surrendered to the Mongol Empire in 1276 after the fall of the Song capital, Lin'an (present-day Hangzhou). Zhao Shi and his seventh brother, Zhao Bing, managed to escape southward to Fujian Province, where the new Song capital was established. On June 14, 1276, Zhao Shi was enthroned as the new Emperor Duanzong who ruled under the era name "Jingyan" (景炎; literally: "bright flame"). However, in 1278, the Mongols broke through the Song dynasty's last lines of defence, forcing Zhao Shi to flee again.[1] Accompanied by loyal ministers such as Lu Xiufu and Zhang Shijie, Zhao Shi boarded a ship and fled further south to Guangdong Province. Thereafter, he stayed temporarily in Hong Kong which at that time was a small fishing village. The historical relic Sung Wong Toi in present-day Hong Kong's Kowloon City commemorates Zhao Shi's escape to Hong Kong.

In March 1278, while fleeing from the Mongols led by Liu Shen, in a hurricane, Zhao Shi fell from a boat and almost drowned. After his rescue, he became ill and died a few months later in Gangzhou (碙州; present-day Lantau Island, Hong Kong).[1] He was succeeded by his seventh brother, Zhao Bing.[2]


  • Parents:
    • Zhao Qi, Duzong (度宗 趙禥; 1240–1274)
    • Empress Dowager, of the Yang clan (皇太后 楊氏; d. 1279), personal name Juliang (巨良)

See also[edit]

  1. Chinese emperors family tree (middle)
  2. List of emperors of the Song dynasty
  3. Architecture of the Song dynasty
  4. Culture of the Song dynasty
  5. Economy of the Song dynasty
  6. History of the Song dynasty
  7. Society of the Song dynasty
  8. Technology of the Song dynasty


  1. ^ a b Wintle, Justin. [2002] (2002). China. ISBN 1-85828-764-2
  2. ^ "Song Duanzong". Baike Baidu.
Emperor Duanzong
Born: 1268 Died: 1278
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Gong
Emperor of the Song dynasty
Succeeded by
Zhao Bing