Emperor Duanzong

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Emperor Duanzong of Song
ZhaoShiDuanzong.png
Emperor of the Song dynasty
Reign15 June 1276 – 8 May 1278
Coronation14 June 1276
PredecessorEmperor Gong
SuccessorZhao Bing
BornZhao Shi
10 July 1270
Lin'an, Song dynasty (modern Hangzhou, Zhejiang)
Died8 May 1278(1278-05-08) (aged 7)
Gangzhou (Jiangmen, Guangdong)
Burial
Wing Fuk Ling Mausoleum (永福陵, in present-day Tung Chung, Hong Kong)
Era dates
Jingyan (景炎; 1276–1278)
Posthumous name
Emperor Yuwen Zhaowu Minxiao
(裕文昭武愍孝皇帝)
or
Emperor Xiaogong Renyu Cisheng Ruiwen Yingwu Qinzheng
(孝恭仁裕慈聖睿文英武勤政皇帝)
Temple name
Duanzong (端宗)
HouseHouse of Zhao
FatherEmperor Duzong
MotherLady Yang
Emperor Duanzong of Song
Chinese宋端宗
Literal meaning"Final Ancestor of the Song"
Zhao Shi
Traditional Chinese趙昰
Simplified Chinese赵昰

Emperor Duanzong of Song (10 July 1269 – 8 May 1278), personal name Zhao Shi, was the 17th emperor of the Song dynasty of China and the eighth and penultimate emperor of the Southern Song dynasty. He was the fifth son of Emperor Duzong and an elder brother of his predecessor, Emperor Gong and successor Zhao Bing.

Emperor Gong along with Grand Dowager Xie surrendered to the Yuan dynasty in 1276 after the fall of the Southern Song capital, Lin'an (present-day Hangzhou). Zhao Shi and his seventh brother, Zhao Bing, managed to escape southward to Fujian Province, where the new Song capital was established. On June 14, 1276, Zhao Shi was enthroned as the new Emperor Duanzong who ruled under the era name "Jingyan" (景炎; literally: "bright flame"). However, in early 1278, Yuan forces broke through the Song dynasty's last lines of defence, forcing Zhao Shi to flee again.[1] Accompanied by loyal ministers such as Lu Xiufu and Zhang Shijie, Zhao Shi boarded a ship and fled further south to Guangdong Province. In March 1278, while fleeing from Yuan forces led by Liu Shen, in a hurricane, Zhao Shi fell from a boat and almost drowned. Thereafter, he stayed temporarily in Hong Kong which at that time was a small fishing village. He died a few months later in Gangzhou (碙州; present-day Jiangmen)[1] due to Illness. He was succeeded by his seventh brother, Zhao Bing, who was enthroned in Mui Wo, the same village where Zhao Shi nearly drowned and died. The body of Zhao Shi is buried in Sung Wing Fuk Ling (宋永福陵). The actual area of the tomb is still unknown and undiscovered.[citation needed]

The historical relic Sung Wong Toi in present-day Hong Kong's Kowloon City commemorates Zhao Shi's escape to Hong Kong.

Family[edit]

Brothers:

  • Emperor Gong of Song (personal name Zhao Xian) – Younger brother and predecessor of Emperor Duanzong; Sixth Son of Zhao Qi
  • Emperor Bing of Song (personal name Zhao Bing) – Younger brother and successor of Emperor Duanzong; Seventh and Youngest son of Zhao Qi; Final emperor of the Song dynasty

Ancestry[edit]

Zhao Shiyi
Zhao Xilu
Lady Shi
Zhao Yurui (1207–1287)
Quan Dajie
Lady Quan
Lady Wang
Emperor Duzong of Song (1240–1274)
Huang Dingxi
Emperor Duanzong of Song (1269–1278)
Yang Chaosun
Yang Gui
Yang Fengchen
Lady Huang
Empress Dowager Yang (d. 1279)
Lady Wang

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wintle, Justin. [2002] (2002). China. ISBN 1-85828-764-2
Emperor Duanzong
Born: 1268 Died: 1278
Regnal titles
Preceded by Emperor of the Song dynasty
1276–1278
Succeeded by