|Emperor of Japan|
April 12, 959|
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
|Died||March 1, 991
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
|Burial||Nochi no Mukarami no misasagi (Kyōto)|
|Mother||Fujiwara no Anshi|
En'yū's reign spanned the years from 969 through 984.
In 967, Morihira-shinnō was appointed as the crown prince, bypassing his elder brother by the same mother, since his brother had no support from the Fujiwara clan.
En'yū had five Empresses or Imperial consorts and one Imperial son.
Events of En'yū's life
- 27 September 969 (Anna 2, 13th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Emperor Reizei's reign (冷泉天皇三年), he abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by a younger brother.
- 5 November 969 (Anna 2, 23th day of the 9th month): Emperor En'yu is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).
- 8 June 976 (Ten'en 2, 11th day of the 5th month): The Imperial Palace burned down; and the Sacred Mirror was blackened to such an extent that it reflected no light.
- 31 December 980 (Tengen 3, 22nd day of the 11th month): The Imperial Palace burned down; and the Sacred Mirror was half destroyed.
- 5 December 982 (Tengen 5, 17th day of the 11th month): The Imperial Palace burned down; and the Sacred Mirror was reduced to a lump of melted metal which was collected and presented to the emperor.
In his reign there was a severe struggle between the Fujiwara clan over who would be appointed kampaku. Emperor En'yū followed his mother's advice and favored Fujiwara no Kanemichi, his maternal uncle. He had only one son, later the emperor Emperor Ichijō by Senshi, a daughter of his uncle Fujiwara no Kaneie, who was another brother of his mother. He made the daughter of Kanemichi the empress consort, though she bore no children. Senshi and her father Kaneie were angry at this elevation of their rival and were absent from the court for a long time, staying at the mansion of Kaneie with the child.
Imperial processions to the Hachiman and Hirano Shrines were first made during the reign of Emperor En'yū.
- 24 September 984 (Eikan 2, 27th of the 8th month): The emperor abdicated at age 26.
- 16 September 985 (Kanna 1, 29th of the 8th month): The former-Emperor En'yū took the tonsure, becoming a Buddhist priest and taking the name of Kongō Hō.
- 1 March 991 (Shōryaku 2, 12th of the 2nd month): En'yū, now known as Kongō Hō, died at age 32.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During En'yū's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
- Kampaku, Ōno-no-miya Fujiwara no Saneyori (藤原実頼), 900–970.
- Kampaku, Fujiwara no Yoritada (藤原頼忠), 924–989.
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara no Saneyori.
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara no Koretada (藤原伊尹)
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara no Kanemichi (藤原兼通)
- Daijō-daijin, Fujiwara no Yoritada.
- Sesshō, Fujiwara no Koretada, 924–972.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Koretada.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原兼家), 929–990.
- Udaijin, Fujiwara no Kanemichi, 925–977.
- Naidaijin, Fujiwara no Kanemichi
- Dainagon, Minamoto no Kaneakira (源兼明)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Morouji (藤原師氏) (Gon-no-Dainagon, 権大納言)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Koretada (藤原伊尹)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Yoritada (藤原頼忠)
- Dainagon, Tachibana no Yoshifuru (橘好古)
- Dainagon, Minamoto no Masanobu (源雅信)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原兼家)
- Dainagon, Minamoto no Nobumitsu (源延光) (Gon-no-Dainagon, 権大納言)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Tamemitsu (藤原為光)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Asateru (藤原朝光) (Gon-no-Dainagon, 権大納言)
- Dainagon, Minamoto no Shigenobu (源重信)
- Dainagon, Fujiwara no Naritoki (藤原済時) (Gon-no-Dainagon, 権大納言)
Eras of En'yū's reign
Consorts and children
Nyōgo(Kōtaigō): Fujiwara no Senshi (藤原詮子) (962–1002), daughter of Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原兼家); later, Nyoin (女院) 'Higashi-sanjō In' (東三条院)
- Imperial Prince Yasuhito (懐仁親王) (980–1011) (Emperor Ichijō)
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 円融天皇 (64)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 71.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 144–148; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 299-300; Varely, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 191–192.
- Titsingh, p. 144; Varely, p. 191; Brown, p. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
- Brown, p. 300.
- Titsingh, p. 143; Brown, p. 299; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Titsingh, p. 144; Varley, p. 44.
- Titisingh, p. 146.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
- Brown, p. 299.
- Titsingh, p. 144.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5; OCLC 59145842
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