Emperor Guangzong of Song

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Emperor Guangzong of Song
宋光宗.jpg
Emperor of the Song dynasty
Reign 18 February 1189 – 24 July 1194[a]
Predecessor Emperor Xiaozong
Successor Emperor Ningzong
Born Zhao Dun
(1147-09-30)30 September 1147[a]
Died 17 September 1200(1200-09-17) (aged 52)[a]
Empress Li Fengniang
Concubines
  • Consort Huang
  • Consort Zhang
  • Consort Fu
Issue
  • Zhao Ting
  • Zhao Kuo
  • Princess Wen'an
  • Princess Hezheng
  • Princess Qi'an
Era dates
Shaoxi (紹熙; 1190–1194)
Posthumous name
Xundao Xianren Minggong Maode Wenwen Shunwu Shengzhe Cixiao Huangdi
(循道憲仁明功茂德溫文順武聖哲慈孝皇帝)
Temple name
Guangzong (光宗)
House House of Zhao
Father Emperor Xiaozong
Mother Empress Chengmu
Emperor Guangzong of Song
Chinese 宋光宗
Literal meaning "Bright Ancestor of the Song"
Zhao Dun
Traditional Chinese 趙惇
Simplified Chinese 赵惇
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zhao.

Emperor Guangzong of Song (30 September 1147 – 17 September 1200), personal name Zhao Dun, was the 12th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the third emperor of the Southern Song dynasty. He was the third son of his predecessor, Emperor Xiaozong. His mother was Emperor Xiaozong's first wife, Lady Guo (郭氏; 1126–1156), who was posthumously honoured as "Empress Chengmu" (成穆皇后).

Emperor Guangzong gave the city of Chongqing its present-day name, which means "double celebration". According to Xu Wei, the Nanxi style of theatre began in Emperor Guangzong's reign. He listened to some treacherous officials and dismissed the popular military leader Xin Qiji. He was forced to give up his throne in 1194 by his grandmother, Grand Empress Dowager Wu, as he refused to attend the funeral procession of his father, Emperor Xiaozong. He died in 1200 near Shaoxing, Zhejiang.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Dates given here are in the Julian calendar. They are not in the proleptic Gregorian calendar.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Toqto'a, et al., eds. (1343). History of Song. Volume 36: Biography of Emperor Guangzong. 

See also[edit]

Emperor Guangzong of Song
Born: 1147 Died: 1200
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Xiaozong
Emperor of the Song Dynasty
1189–1194
Succeeded by
Emperor Ningzong