|Emperor of Japan|
|Reign||13 April 1735 – 9 June 1747|
|Born||8 February 1720|
|Died||28 May 1750(aged 30)|
Tsuki no wa no misasagi (Kyoto)
Sakuramachi's reign spanned the years from 1735 through 1747.
He was the firstborn son of Emperor Nakamikado.
Court lady: Nijō Ieko (二条舎子; 1716-1790) later Seikimon’in (青綺門院), Nijō Yoshitada‘s daughter
- First daughter: Imperial Princess Noriko (盛子内親王; 1737–1746）
- Second daughter: Imperial Princess Toshiko (智子内親王) later Empress Go-Sakuramachi
Lady-in-waiting: Anekōji Sadako (姉小路定子; 1717-1789) later Kaimeimon’in (開明門院), Anekōji Sanetake's daughter
- First son: Imperial Prince Toohito (遐仁親王) later Emperor Momozono
Events of Sakuramachi's life
He was said to be the reincarnation of Prince Shōtoku. With the support of Tokugawa Yoshimune, he worked for the restoration of Imperial rites, bringing back the Daijōsai (大嘗祭, the first ceremonial rice-offering by a newly enthroned emperor) and the Shinjōsai (新嘗祭, a ceremonial rice-offering by the emperor) among others, and concentrated on restoring other courtesies.
- 17 July. 1728: Akihito-shinnō was named Crown Prince.
- 13 April 1735: Prince Akihito became emperor upon the abdication of his father.
- 1736 (Genbun 1): The shogunate published an edict declaring that henceforth, the sole, authorized coinage in the empire would be those copper coins which were marked on the obverse with the character 文, pronounced bun in Japanese, the same character the era name Genbun.
- 1737 (Genbun 2, 11th month): A comet is noticed in the western part of the sky.
- 1738 (Genbun 3): Esoteric Shinto rituals Daijō-e (大嘗會) were performed by the emperor.
- 1739 (Genbun 4): Some foundry workers in Edo are commanded to create iron coins for use across the empire.
- 1739 (Genbun 4): Hosokawa Etchū-no-kami of Higo was killed in Edo castle by Itakura Katsukane, who was ordered to commit seppuku as just punishment; however, Shōgun Yoshimune personally intervened to mitigate the adverse consequences for the killer's fudai family.
- 8 August 1740 (Genbun 5, 16th day of the 7th month): Great floods in Heian-kyō. Sanjo Bridge was washed away.
- 11 January 1741 (Genbun 5, 24th day of the 11th month): The esoteric Niiname-matsuri ceremonies were performed. This specific ceremony had otherwise been held in abeyance for the previous 280 years.
- 12 January 1741 (Genbun 5, 25th day of the 11th month): The esoteric Toyonoakari-no-sechiye ceremonies were performed.
- 1742 (Kanpō 2): A comet was seen in the sky.
- 1742 (Kanpō 2, 8th month): Persistent heavy rains create floods throughout the country, with noteworthy devastation in Musashi Province, Kōzuke Province, Shimotsuke Province, and Shinano Province. In Heian-kyō, the Sanjo Bridge is washed away in this destructive storm cycle.
- 1743 (Kanpō 3, 11th month): A comet was sighted in the night sky; and this comet was likely comet C/1743 C1 (De-Cheseaux).
- 1744 (Enkyō 1): Great comet was visible in sky for many months; this comet was very likely C/1743 X1 (De Cheseaux).
- 1745 (Enkyō 2): Tokugawa Ieshige became shōgun of the Edo bakufu.
- 1745 (Enkyō 2): First establishment of a market fair in the capital was to be found at Hirano Shrine, in the Ōmi Province.
- 1745 (Enkyō 3, 2nd month): A great fire sweeps through Edo.
- 9 June 1747: The emperor abdicated.
- 28 May 1750: Sakuramachi died at the age of 30.
Sakuramachi's kami is enshrined in an Imperial mausoleum (misasagi), Tsuki no wa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Sakuramachi's immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-Mizunoo – Meishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama and Nakamikado, are also enshrined along with his immediate Imperial successors, including Momozono, Go-Sakuramachi and Go-Momozono.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Sakuramachi's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
Eras of Sakuramachi's reign
|Ancestors of Emperor Sakuramachi|
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 桜町天皇 (115)
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 119.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 417–418.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 10; Titsingh, p. 417.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, pp. 47–48.
- Meyer, p. 47.
- Titsingh, p. 418.
- Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns, pp. 117–121.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: the Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869, p. 321.
- Zhuang, T. (1988). Acta Astronomica Sinica, v29:2, p. 208; Harvard-Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System
- Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 423.
- Titsingh, p. 417.
- "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv. Retrieved 20 January 2018. (in Japanese)
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit: unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Jahre 1846 bis 1867. Münster: LIT Verlag. ISBN 978-3-8258-3939-0; OCLC 42041594
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard Arthur Brabazon. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 182637732
- __________. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887
- Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779–1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 978-0-203-09985-8; OCLC 65177072
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Ōdai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
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