Empire Corridor

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Empire Corridor
Corridor ne.PNG
Empire Corridor (red) as designated by the Federal Railroad Administration
Overview
TypeHigher-speed rail, commuter rail
SystemAmtrak
CSX Transportation
TerminiNiagara Falls
New York Penn Station
Stations36 (12 Amtrak, 20 Metro North, 3 shared)
ServicesEmpire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Adirondack, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, Hudson Line
Operation
OwnerCSX (Niagara–Poughkeepsie)
Metro-North (Poughkeepsie–Riverdale)
Amtrak (Riverdale–New York)
Operator(s)CSX (Niagara–Schenectady)
Amtrak (Schenectady–Poughkeepsie)
Metro-North (Poughkeepsie–Yonkers)
Amtrak (Yonkers–New York)
Technical
Line length461 mi (742 km)
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

The Empire Corridor is a term used to refer to the 461-mile (742 km) railroad corridor between Niagara Falls, New York and New York City, including the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, Amsterdam, Schenectady, Albany, and Poughkeepsie. Amtrak's Empire Service and Maple Leaf serve the entire length of the corridor, with the Maple Leaf continuing to Toronto. Lake Shore Limited trains from Chicago join the Empire Corridor just before Buffalo–Depew station, and continue to Albany, where half of each train diverges to Boston, and the other half continues to New York City. The Ethan Allen Express and Adirondack follow the corridor between New York and Schenectady, after which they diverge and continue on to Rutland and Montreal, respectively. Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line provides commuter rail service between Poughkeepsie, New York and Grand Central Terminal. The line is electrified by both overhead catenary and top-contact third rail between Penn Station and 41st Street and by under-contact third rail between Riverdale and Croton–Harmon.

The corridor is also one of ten federally designated high-speed rail corridors in the United States.

If the proposed high-speed service were built on the corridor, trains traveling between Buffalo and New York City would travel at speeds of up to 125 mph (201 km/h). In the 1890s service on the Empire State Express service between New York City and Buffalo was about 1 hour faster than Amtrak's service in 2013. On September 14, 1891 the Empire State Express covered the 436 miles (702 km) between New York City and Buffalo in 7 hours and 6 minutes (including stops), averaging 61.4 mph (98.8 km/h), with a top speed of 82 mph (132 km/h).[1][2]

Ownership[edit]

The Empire Corridor is largely owned by CSX Transportation (CSX), which owns the trackage between Niagara Falls and Poughkeepsie.[3] South of Poughkeepsie, Metro-North owns the trackage to Yonkers, from which Amtrak owns the trackage into Pennsylvania Station.[3]

Much of the corridor had been part of the main line of the New York Central Railroad, passing to Penn Central in 1968 and Conrail in 1976. In a series of purchases in the 1980s and 1990s, Amtrak bought the Yonkers-New York City segment, Metro-North acquired the Poughkeepsie-Yonkers segment, and CSX acquired the remainder when it split Conrail's assets with Norfolk Southern.

On October 18, 2011, Amtrak and CSX announced an agreement for Amtrak to lease, operate and maintain the CSX-owned trackage between Poughkeepsie and Schenectady.[4] Amtrak officially assumed control of the line on December 1, 2012.[5]

Current services[edit]

The busiest segment of the Empire Corridor is between New York City and Albany with multiple trains per day.

Amtrak[edit]

The following trains operate along the varied segments of the corridor:

Commuter rail[edit]

Freight service[edit]

Freight service is provided by CSX Transportation.

Stations[edit]

All stations are in the state of New York.

Milepost (km) Station Location Current station opened Corridor services Connections
ES ML LS AD EA HD
461 mi (742 km) Niagara Falls Niagara Falls December 6, 2016[6]
437 mi (703 km) Buffalo–Exchange Street Buffalo August 2, 1952[7] Thruway Motorcoach to Jamestown
Buffalo Metro Rail at Seneca station
431 mi (694 km) Buffalo–Depew Depew October 28, 1979[8]
370 mi (600 km) Louise M. Slaughter Rochester Station Rochester October 6, 2017[9] RTS: 37, 41
New York State Fair (seasonal) Syracuse August 22, 2002[10]
291 mi (468 km) William F. Walsh Regional Transportation Center August 1998[6] CENTRO: 16, 48, 50, 60, 62, 70, 82, 236, 246, 250
250 mi (400 km) Rome Rome 1914[6]
237 mi (381 km) Utica Union Station Utica May 24, 1914[6] Adirondack Scenic Railroad to Thendara
CENTRO: 15, 31
177 mi (285 km) Amsterdam Amsterdam 1973[6]
159 mi (256 km) Schenectady Intermodal Station Schenectady October 17, 2018[11] CDTA: 351, 353, 354, 355, 370, 763, 905 BusPlus
141 mi (227 km) Albany–Rensselaer Rensselaer September 22, 2002[12] CDTA: NX Northway Express, 114, 214
114 mi (183 km) Hudson Hudson 1874[6]
100 mi (160 km) Rhinecliff–Kingston Rhinecliff 1914[6]
80 mi (130 km) Poughkeepsie Poughkeepsie February 18, 1918[13] City of Poughkeepsie Transit: Main Street
Dutchess County LOOP: A, B, C, D, E, Poughkeepsie Commuter Connection
71.5 mi (115.1 km) New Hamburg New Hamburg October 17, 1981[14] Dutchess LOOP: New Hamburg Commuter Connection
65.5 mi (105.4 km) Beacon Beacon 1915[15] Dutchess LOOP: Beacon Commuter Connection
Leprechaun Lines: Newburgh-Beacon Shuttle
Newburgh–Beacon Ferry
61.5 mi (99.0 km) Breakneck Ridge Cold Spring
59 mi (95 km) Cold Spring 1893 Putnam Transit: Cold Spring Trolley
56.4 mi (90.8 km) Garrison Garrison 1892
52.5 mi (84.5 km) Manitou 1983[16]
47.7 mi (76.8 km) Peekskill Peekskill 1874 Bee-Line Bus: 16, 18, 31
44.9 mi (72.3 km) Cortlandt Montrose 1996[17] Bee-Line Bus: 14
39.7 mi (63.9 km) Croton–Harmon Croton-on-Hudson 1988[6] Bee-Line Bus: 10, 11, 14
37.3 mi (60.0 km) Ossining Ossining 1914 Bee-Line Bus: 13, 13B, 19
Haverstraw–Ossining Ferry
36 mi (58 km) Scarborough Briarcliff Manor 1851
33 mi (53 km) Philipse Manor Sleepy Hollow January 30, 1911[18]
31.7 mi (51.0 km) Tarrytown Tarrytown 1925[19] Transport of Rockland: Tappan Zee Express
Bee-Line Bus: 1T, 13, T
29.2 mi (47.0 km) Irvington Irvington 1889
28.2 mi (45.4 km) Ardsley-on-Hudson c. 1896
27.2 mi (43.8 km) Dobbs Ferry Dobbs Ferry 1899 Bee-Line Bus: 1, 6
26 mi (42 km) Hastings-on-Hudson Hastings-on-Hudson 1910 Bee-Line Bus: 6, 1C, 1T, & 1W
24.3 mi (39.1 km) Greystone Yonkers 1899 Bee-Line Bus: 6, 1C, 1T, & 1W
22.7 mi (36.5 km) Glenwood Bee-Line Bus: 1C, 1T, & 1W
21.6 mi (34.8 km) Yonkers 1911[6] Bee-Line Bus: 6, 9, 25, 32, 91 (seasonal)
20.8 mi (33.5 km) Ludlow Bee-Line Bus: 32
19.5 mi (31.4 km) Riverdale The Bronx Hudson Rail Link: A, B, C, D
0 mi (0 km) Penn Station New York 1968[6] Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Keystone Service, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Northeast Regional, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
Long Island Rail Road: Main Line, Port Washington Branch
NJ Transit Rail: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, Gladstone Branch, Montclair-Boonton Line, Morristown Line
New York City Subway: 1, ​2, and ​3 trains at Seventh Avenue, A, ​C, and ​E trains at Eighth Avenue
New York City Bus: M7, M20, M34, M34A, Q32

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Lienhard. "Rain, Steam & Speed: Inventing Powered Motion". Retrieved January 28, 2007.
  2. ^ "GREAT SPEED Off THE CENTRAL.; Empire State Express Engine Travels at the Rate of 112 1-2 Miles an Hour" (PDF). New York Times. May 12, 1893. Retrieved December 13, 2007.
  3. ^ a b Amtrak system timetable, Fall 2010/Winter 2011, page 25
  4. ^ "Amtrak to lease Empire Corridor trackage from CSX". Trains Magazine. October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  5. ^ "Governor Cuomo Announces Hudson Rail Lease - Amtrak/CSX Deal Will Improve Passenger Service, Move Projects Forward" (PDF) (Press release). Albany, New York: Amtrak. December 4, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Building Great American Stations". Amtrak. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  7. ^ "Buffalo, NY (BFX)". Great American Stations. Amtrak.
  8. ^ "New Buffalo Station". Amtrak NEWS. 6 (12): 6–7. November 1979. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  9. ^ Manon, Tianna. "Rochester's new train station is open for business". www.wxxinews.org. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
  10. ^ Lankes, Tiffany (September 2, 2002). "State Fair attendence [sic] drops, vendors suffer sales losses". The Daily Orange. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  11. ^ "Governor Cuomo Announces Grand Opening of Schenectady Train Station". Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. October 17, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  12. ^ Woodruff, Cathy (February 14, 2010). "Train Late? Old Stations Derail New Track". Albany Times Union. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  13. ^ Howe, Patricia; Katherine Moore (February 25, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Poughkeepsie Railroad station". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
  14. ^ "New Rail Car to Arrive at New Hamburg Stop". The Poughkeepsie Journal. October 16, 1981. Retrieved December 30, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  15. ^ Ken Kinlock. "Railroad at Fishkill Landing NY First Phase". Retrieved April 25, 2016.
  16. ^ "New York Division Bulletin". Electric Railroaders' Association. July 1993. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  17. ^ Transportation Research Record. Transportation Research Board, Commission on Sociotechnical Systems, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences. 1999. ISBN 9780309071031.
  18. ^ "Philipse Manor". The New York Times. February 5, 1911. p. 71. Retrieved December 27, 2017 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  19. ^ "Big Apartment for Suburb". The New York Times. October 11, 1925. Retrieved May 18, 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°9′47.6″N 77°36′28.9″W / 43.163222°N 77.608028°W / 43.163222; -77.608028