Empire State University
||This comics-related article describes a work or element of fiction in a primarily in-universe style. (October 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|First appearance||Amazing Spider-Man #31
Empire State University (also known as ESU) is a fictional university in the Marvel Comics Universe, a mixture of New York University and Columbia University (whose campus was used in the film adaptations). It is located somewhere in New York City, in Greenwich Village near the site of New York University. Many Marvel Comics characters, especially those associated with Spider-Man, have either attended or worked at the university. It first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man #31 (December 1965).
Depictions of the university's location have been vague, although maps published in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe depict the university as being near Washington Square Park, on or near the site of New York University. In the 2002 Chamber miniseries, the main character dorms in Empire State's Brittany Hall, the name of a real dorm at NYU.
Peter Parker, AKA Spider-Man, studied biophysics at Empire State University after graduating high school.
Later, X-Man Chamber enrolled briefly at ESU in order to investigate a bombing that killed six people. Chamber's findings resulted in ESU closing their main mutant program, and creating a new human/mutant student exchange program with the Xavier Institute. The first participants of this program were Walter—Chamber's paraplegic, human dorm-mate—and Amber, a reptilian mutant student who assisted Chamber in his investigation.
Staff, students, and faculty
- Shelly Fisch - Head of Grant Program
- Harvey MacNamara (Registrar) - was targeted by Foolkiller
- Debra Whitman (Secretary)
- Dian Michael Abria - WFM|MIS
- Anne-Marie Baker - Research Assistant to Dr. Evan Swann while getting doctorate, born in France, raised in London.
- Professor Rodney Ballinger (Chemistry)
- Professor Marina Caches
- Dean Marcus Corliss
- Dr Philip Coyles - Science advisor of Eddie McDonough
- Dr. Henry Croft -Member of the Hydro-Men
- David Dwyer - Former president of ESU
- Chancellor Edward Gorman
- Mark Howard
- Professor Francis Hutton (Sociology)
- Daniel Ironwood (Cosmology) - Former expert in nuclear physics, kidnapped by the Soviet Super Soldiers, in effort to force him to complete a bomb.
- Dean Eliot Irvine
- Dr. Joseph Jennings (Member of the Hydro-Men)
- Dr. Michael Kissick (Biochemistry) - Coerced into formulating poisons for Ramrod
- Dr. Maxwell Lubisch - Attempted to tap into extradimensional power source, resulted in Spider-Man receiving Captain Universe power; history of failed experiment abroad, blackmailed by Sebastian Shaw.
- Professor Robin Mason
- Dean Enrico Montesi
- Dr. Benita Sanchez
- Prof. Isaac Sandor - Discovered Omnivirus
- Professor Isaac Slattery
- Dean Morris Sloan (Entomology) - Graduate professor under whom Peter Parker, Phillip Chang, Marcy Kane and Steve Hopkins studied and worked; inadvertently revived Swarm
- Evan Swann - Became one of the hosts for Captain Universe
- Peregrine Took
- Damon Walthers - Research scientist, developed a force field device, which was stolen by his lab assistant Clay Wilson, who became Force
- Peter Wilcox - Theoretical physicist, college classmate of She-Hulk, once dated Jen Walters, assisted in discovering nature of the compaction receptacles and Encroachiverses
- Dean Menckin
- Professor Gilbert 
- Dr. Ashley Kafka
- Prof. Henry Brandeis (Comparative Religions) - Next-door neighbor of Susan and Johnny Storm during their childhood; murdered by Comte St. Germaine, who was attempting to retrieve the Amulet of Zarathos
- Edward Lansky (Lightmaster)
- Professor Toshiro Mikashi (Entomology) - later seconded to Williams University. Creator of the Arachnis Project and the father of Gunplay. He sacrificed his own life in an effort to destroy Carlton Drake/Homo Arachnis of the Life Foundation and his formula to so it would not be misused
- Prof. Buck Mitty (Humbug) (Entomology) - Left after they cut his funds, established Humbug identity to gain alternate funding. Also known as the Bug-Man of Alcatraz
- Prof. Horatio Piper (Anthropology) - discovered Kingorge tribe and brought them to the United States. He was killed by Micah Synn after he freed Debbie Nelson
- Harrison Turk (Lunatik)
- Miles Warren (the Jackal)
- Clifton Shallot (the Vulture).
- Aaron Warren
- Todd Aiken (SHOC)
- Amber McIntosh - mutant, may have been depowered.
- Axel Asher (Access)
- Kyle Barker (Patchwork)
- Brian Broyd - roommate of Eddie McDonough
- Roger "Caps" Cooper - Classmate and college roommate of Richard Rider; Nephew of Megaman; he is aware of Richard Rider's alter ego
- Brad Davis - former star quarterback, dated Mary Jane Watson
- Delaney "Dee Dee" Devereaux (Geiger) - mutated by Empire State University’s experimental particle accelerator
- Max Devreaux - briefly dated Emma Frost, forced to assault her by Astrid Bloom, suspended
- Bernie Dillon - roommate of Richard Rider, employed at Marvel Burger, aware of Nova’s secret identity
- Harvey Kenneth Farber
- Holly Gillis - former Empire State University art student, she formerly dated Hector Ayala
- Lillian Hsu
- Kai McNamara
- Mr. Olgivy Landsfield - dozed off in the classroom of Peregrine Took, who cast frightening illusions into his mind
- William Ledge - badly beaten by Lunatik when he tried to come to Valkyrie's aid, friend of Dollar Bill
- Patrick O'Keefe (Neutrino Annihilator) - member of on-campus mutant group, Magnetic North
- Christie McDermott - of Jack and Jill, former roommate of Emma Frost, briefly dated Ian Kendall, assaulted by him while he was controlled by Astrid Bloom, pressed charges against him, but forced to act like she was psycho/obsessed with him by Emma to clear Ian
- Brigit O'Neil - archeology student at Empire State University, acquaintance of Human Torch (Johnny Storm)
- Susan Sawyer - girlfriend of Bryan Broyd who was the roommate of Eddie McDonough
- Anita Shannons
- Jennifer and Janet Kovalski, Gigi Martin, Alexis "Alex" Madden - formerly at Empire State University, sought to promote peaceful relationships between humans and mutants, made up of both, several killed when Alex’s powers exploded out of control
- Robin Vega
- Shantal Wilsk - friend of Mary Jane Watson
- Doreen Green - Squirrel Girl
- Basenji - member of the Litter
- Astrid Bloom - Manipulated her own sister to kill their parents after they began neglecting her; manipulated Emma Frost to turn her against humanity.
- Dane - member of the Litter
- Dollar Bill - TV producer, attempted to make documentary about Defenders, former roommate of Harrison Turk, later had own Public-access television cable TV show
- Emma Frost - Majored in Education with a minor in Business Administration
- Johnny Gallo (Ricochet) - Member of Excelsior; former member of Slingers
- Ritchie Gilmore (Prodigy) - Former member of Slingers
- Felicia Hardy (Black Cat) Dated and was raped by a fellow student
- Eddie McDonough (Hornet) -former member of Slingers
- Candace Nelson - Research project on the Sallis Papers got her in trouble with the government.
- Kevin Wilson (Pitbull) - member of the Litter
- Poodle - member of the Litter
- Steve Rogers (Captain America)
- Richard Rider (Nova)
- Greg Salinger (Foolkiller) - Attended some undergraduate courses taught by Peter Parker before resuming his Foolkiller identity.
- Cassie St. Commons (Dusk) - former member of Slingers
- Jonothon Evan Starsmore (Chamber) - Attended briefly whilst investigating undercover a bombing on campus for the X-Men
- Monte Devlin (Terrier) - member of the Litter
- Walter Schmidt-Crane - Chamber's roommate; on exchange program with the Xavier Institute
- Jack Hammer (Weasel) - Dropped out after Deadpool went back in time and sabotaged his chances at a job at Oscorp.
- Dr. Bradley Bolton - Co-creator of the WHO computer; sacrificed life protecting daughter from Paine, who wanted information on WHO
- Phillip Chang - took vow of peace, assaulted by white dragon ii. skilled martial artist
- Chip Lockley - partnered with Ethan Albright in Agro-Lab, attempted to develop plant growth accelerator, slain by Carnage
- Ethan Albright - Agro-Lab, partnered with Chip Lockley in project to accelerate plant growth
- Roger Hochberg - friend of Peter Parker, dated Mia Carrerra, encountered Red Ghost and Super-Apes
- Steve Hopkins - with Peter Parker, biophysics major, practical joker
- Marcy Kane - Kaina - Contraxian, posed as science grad student at Empire State University, former lover of Jack of Hearts, friend and co-worker of Peter Parker
- Chip Martin (Schizoid Man)
- Carlos Munoz - assisted in Nuform experiments for Roxxon
- Peter Parker (Spider-Man) 
In other media
- In Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, the university is sometimes shown as Empire State University and sometimes shown as Eastern State University.
- In Spider-Man, Peter Parker is a college student and attends Empire State University, as does Debra Whitman and Michael Morbius. Also, Dr. Curt Connors is a professor there.
- Spider-man: The New Animated Series - Peter Parker, Harry Osborn, and Mary Jane Watson are college students at Empire State University.
- Empire State university is featured in The Spectacular Spider-Man as the college where Eddie Brock attends and works as a lab assistant under Dr. Curt Connors and Martha Connors (just like in the Ultimate comics). In Season 2, Miles Warren joins the scientific staff and becomes a professor just like in the comics.
- In the film Spider-Man 2, Peter Parker attends Columbia University and not ESU, although in Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, which is set in between the first two Spider-Man movies, he, Mary Jane and Harry attend ESU. In Spider-Man 3, Robbie Robertson declares that the "Empire State Photography Department" confirms that Eddie Brock's picture of Spider-Man robbing a bank in the black suit is a fake.
- Director Louis Leterrier wanted Bruce Banner to meet Samuel Sterns at Empire State University in The Incredible Hulk. In the finished film Sterns' place of teaching is named as Grayburn College in S.H.I.E.L.D.'s database, because Columbia Pictures, who own the name as part of their rights to film Spider-Man, refused. Grayburn College is also used in the 2010 show The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes as the college where Henry Pym, or Ant-Man does his research. It is named in the first season episode "The Ultron Imperative."
- In the short film Item 47 on the Blu-Ray bonus features of The Avengers, an Empire State University shirt can be seen worn by one of the characters.
- In a deleted scene of The Amazing Spider-Man, Dr. Connors states that he has doctorate from Empire State University.
- In the game Spider-Man 2: The Sinister Six, Doctor Octopus kidnaps Aunt May and holds her hostage in the university.
- In the game adaptions of Spider-Man and Spider-Man 2, the Empire State Building can be seen and visited. In both games this building is the highest point in the game but in the Ultimate Spider-Man game both the building and university can be visited.
- In The Incredible Hulk (2008), the subplot with Samuel Sterns at ESU is adapted from the film that the game is based on. Empire State University is also a marked location on the game's map screen, one of many that the player must destroy to earn certain collectible items.
- Empire State University appears in Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- Sanderson, P. (2007). The Marvel Comics Guide to New York City. Gallery Books. p. 30. ISBN 9781416531418. Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- "Spider-Man Meets the Hulk". MTV.com. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
- Sanderson, Peter (2007). The Marvel Comics Guide to New York City. New York City: Pocket Books. pp. 30–33. ISBN 1-4165-3141-6.
- "The Venom Factor" Venom Factor Book 1. ISBN 1-57297-038-3
- Tom DeFalco & Paul Ryan (w), Paul Ryan (p), Danny Bulanadi (i). "This Flame, This Fury" Fantastic Four 371 (December 1992), Marvel Comics
- Karl Bollers (w), Adriana Melo (p), Eric Cannon, Sean Parsons & Andrew Pepoy (i). "Bloom Part 1" Emma Frost 13 (September 2004), Marvel Comics
- Brian K. Vaughan (w), Lee Ferguson (p), Norm Rapmund (i). "The Hollow Man Chapter 1" X-Men Icons: Chamber 1 (October 2002), Marvel Comics
- David Michelinie (w), Todd McFarlane (p), Terry Fitzgerald & Todd McFarlane (i). "Shrike Force!" Amazing Spider-Man 310 (December 1988), Marvel Comics
- Roger Stern (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Bob Wiacek (i). "Fools... Like Us!" Amazing Spider-Man 225 (February 1982), Marvel Comics
- Marv Wolfman (w), Allen Milgrom (p), Frank Giacoia & Jim Mooney (i). "Requiem!" Amazing Spider-Man 194 (September 1979), Marvel Comics
- Archie Goodwin (w), Sal Buscema (p), Mike Esposito (i). "The Vulture Is A Bird Of Prey" Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 4 (March 1977), Marvel Comics
- Tom DeFalco (w), Steve Skroce (p), Lewis LaRosa (i). "Sacrifice Play" Amazing Spider-Man 427 (October 1997), Marvel Comics
- Stan Lee (w), John Romita Sr (p), Jim Mooney (i). "Spider-Man: Wanted!" Amazing Spider-Man 70 (March 1969), Marvel Comics
- Slingers #6
- Sub-Mariner #68
- Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #9
- Paul Jenkins (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Wayne Faucher (i). "The Hunger Part 2" Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 3 2 (September 2003), Marvel Comics
- Tom DeFalco (w), Joe Bennett (p), Lewis LaRosa & Al Milgrom (i). "The Price!" Amazing Spider-Man 429 (December 1997), Marvel Comics
- Paul Jenkins (w), Damion Scott (p), Robert Campanella (i). "The Lizard's Tale Part 2" Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 3 12 (May 2004), Marvel Comics
- Chris Claremont (w), Sal Buscema & Alan Kupperberg (p), Jack Abel (i). "Murder in Cathedral Canyon" Marvel Team-Up Annual 2 (1979), Marvel Comics
- Danny Fingeroth (w), Alan Kupperberg (p), Jim Mooney (i). "Blues For Lonesome Pinky" Amazing Spider-Man 221 (October 1981), Marvel Comics
- David Michelinie (w), Colleen Doran (p), Andy Mushynsky (i). "Gravity Storm" Amazing Spider-Man 326 (December 1989), Marvel Comics
- Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #41
- David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "The Wings of Age" Amazing Spider-Man 386 (February 1994), Marvel Comics
- Tom Brevoort & Mike Kanterovich (w), Dante Bastianoni (p), Ralph Cabrera & Sandu Florea (i). "Zarathustra" Fantastic Force 2 (December 1994), Marvel Comics
- Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #32
- Web of Spider-Man Annual #5 (1989)
- Scott Lobdell & Paul Ryan (w), Dennis Jensen (p), Jon Holdredge (i). "Passion Play Part 5: Brooklyn Bridge" Marvel Comics Presents 127 (1993), Marvel Comics
- Sub-Mariner vol. 1 #68
- She-Hulk vol. 2 #14
- Stan Lee (w), Jack Kirby (p), Chic Stone (i). "Calamity on the Campus" Fantastic Four Vol. 1 35 (February 1965), Marvel Comics
- J. M. DeMatteis (w), Sal Buscema (p), Sal Buscema (i). "October Moon" Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 194 (November 1992), Marvel Comics
- Terry Kavanagh (w), Charlie Adlard (a). "Burn Victims" Before the Fantastic Four: The Storms 1 (December 2000), Marvel Comics
- Paul Jenkins (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Wayne Faucher (i). "The Hunger Part 3" Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 3 3 (October 2003), Marvel Comics
- Spider-Man: Arachnis Project #1
- Spider-Man: Arachnis Project #5
- Web of Spider-Man #19
- Dennis O'Neil (w), William Johnson (p), Danny Bulanadi (i). "Savages" Daredevil 202 (January 1984), Marvel Comics
- Dennis O'Neil (w), David Mazzucchelli (p), Danny Bulanadi (i). "War on Micah Synn II: The Blindness Men Wish For" Daredevil 213 (October 1984), Marvel Comics
- David Anthony Kraft (w), Keith Giffen (p), Chic Stone (i). "Defender of the Realm" The Defenders 52 (October 1977), Marvel Comics
- Stan Lee (w), Steve Ditko (a). "If this be my destiny" Amazing Spider-man 31 (December 1965), Marvel Comics
- Spider-Man #76
- Ron Marz (w), Claudio Castellini & Dan Jurgens (p), Paul Neary & Joe Rubinstein (i). "Round One" Marvel Versus DC 1 (1996), Marvel Comics/DC Comics
- Dan Slott (w), Ken Lashley (p), Art Nichols & Tom Wegrzyn (i). "Greenness Envy" Doc Samson 1 (January 1996), Marvel Comics
- Slingers #1
- Marv Wolfman (w), John Buscema (p), Joe Sinnott (i). "Nova" Nova 1 (September 1976), Marvel Comics
- Marv Wolfman (w), Keith Pollard (p), Mike Esposito (i). "The Jigsaw Is Up" Amazing Spider-Man 188 (January 1979), Marvel Comics
- Karl Bollers (w), Carlo paqulayan (p), Dennis Crisostomo (i). "Bloom Part 2: Mutie" Emma Frost 14 (October 2004), Marvel Comics
- Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #44
- Paul Jenkins (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Wayne Faucher (i). "Changes Part 2" Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 3 18 (October 2004), Marvel Comics
- David Anthony Kraft (w), Keith Giffen (p), Klaus Janson (i). "A Round With the Ringer!" The Defenders 51 (September 1977), Marvel Comics
- Emma Frost #13
- Tom DeFalco & Paul Ryan (w), Paul Ryan (p), Danny Bulanadi (i). "The Enemy Within!" Fantastic Four 366 (July 1992), Marvel Comics
- Spider-Man #82
- Scott Lobdell (w), James Fry III (p), Chris Ivy (i). "The Litter" Excalibur 53 (August 1992), Marvel Comics
- Slingers #0
- Spider-Man/Black Cat: The Evil That Men Do #6
- Steve Gerber (w), Bob Brown (p), Paul Gulacy (i). "Cry Beetle" Daredevil 108 (March 1974), Marvel Comics
- Steve Gerber (w), Sal Buscema (p), Mike Esposito & John Tartaglione (i). "Devastation!" Captain America 225 (September 1978), Marvel Comics
- Roger Stern (w), John Byrne (p), Vince Colletta (i). "Ring Out The Old, Ring In The New!" Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man 58 (September 1981), Marvel Comics
- Len Wein (w), Sal Buscema (p), Mike Esposito (i). "Whodunit!" Amazing Spider-Man 155 (April 1976), Marvel Comics
- Marv Wolfman (w), Ross Andru (p), Frank Giacoia (i). "White Dragon! Red Death!" Amazing Spider-Man 184 (September 1978), Marvel Comics
- David Michelinie (w), Guang Yap (p), Jeff Albrecht (i). "The Vibranium Vendetta Part 1: The Spider & The Ghost" Amazing Spider-Man Annual 1 (1991), Marvel Comics
- J. M. DeMatteis & Dennis O'Neil (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Allen Milgrom (i). "Night Of The Ape" Amazing Spider-Man 223 (December 1981), Marvel Comics
- Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #30
- Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #36
- Shawn Adler (2008-06-12). "Spider-Man Meets The Hulk: The Cross-Over That Almost Was But Wasn't". MTV Movies Blog. Retrieved 2008-11-08.