Empire of Kitara

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Empire of Kitara
PersonMunyakitara
LanguageRunyakitara
CountryUganda
Kitara historical sites

The Kingdom of the Banyakitara, also known as Union of Kitara (Union of Cwezi) or Chwezi Union derived from the much older (Empire of the sun or Empire of the Moon), it was a part of the lager KITARA empire that existed in the region from around the early bronze age to about 500 C.E. The Empire of Kitara stretched from modern-day Uganda to Zimbabwe during its peak under the mysterious Cwezi Kings. Its expanse encompassed modern day Uganda, Eastern Kenya, eastern D.R.Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Karagwe, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimabwe and Angola.[1][2][3][4][5]

History[edit]

According to oral traditions of western Uganda, Kitara empire disintegrated from around (XIV-XV centuries), and broke up into new autonomous kingdoms ruled by kins of the Cwezi who oral legend report to have mysteriously vanished without a trace. The new kingdoms included Bunyoro, Tooro, Ankole, Buganda, Busoga in Uganda, the Kingdom of Rwanda, Burundi, and Karagwe in northern Tanzania and others in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.[6] Kitara was reported to have been ruled by two dynasties, the Batembuzi gods and their successors the Bachwezi god-kings. The Chwezi dynasty is thought to have been related to a Tembuzi king Ngonzaki's son Isaza. Isaza is believed to have been the last ruler of the Batembuzi dynasty, he married Nyamata, the daughter of Nyamiyonga (Osiris), "King of the underworld". This union produced king Isimbwa who later fathered Ndahura in Runyakitara (known in Rwanda as Ndahiro I Bamara and in Buganda as Wamala Ndawula), the first of the Chwezi dynastic kings.[7][8] King Ngonzaki was son to King Bada. Bada was the son to Kakama (Kayima) whose father Hanga descended from the heavens.

Rulers[edit]

Abakama (Kings) of the Empire of Kitara
Dynasty King/Omukama Clan Father Mother Mother's Clan Reign Burial Place
1 Batembuzi (Reign of the gods) Kintu Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Bronze age Jinja
2 Kakama Bagabu Kintu Kati Unknown Bronze age Unknown
3 Itwale Bagabu Kakama Unknown Unknown Bronze age Unknown
4 Hangi Bagabu Itwale Unknown Unknown Bronze age Unknown
5 Ira lya Hangi Bagabu Hangi Unknown Unknown bronze age Unknown
6 Kabengera Kazooba ka Hangi Bagabu Hangi Unknown Unknown Bronze age Unknown
7 Nyamuhanga Bagabu Kazooba Unknown Unknown Bronze age Unknown
8 Nkya I Bagabu Nyamuhanga Nyabagabe Unknown Late Bronze age Unknown
9 Nkya II Bagabu Nyaka I Unknown Unknown Late Bronze age Unknown
10 Baba Bagabu Nyka II Unknown Unknown Late Bronze age Unknown
11 Kamuli Bagabu Baba Unknown Unknown late Bronze age Unknown
12 Nseka Bagabu Kamuli Unknown Unknown late Bronze age Unknown
13 Kudidi Bagabu Nseka Unknown Unknown Iron age Unknown
14 Ntozi Bagabu Kudidi Unknown Unknown Early Iron age Unknown
15 Nyakahongerwa Bagabu Ntozi Unknown Unknown mid iron age Unknown
16 Mukonko Bagabu Nyakahongerwa Unknown Unknown Mid Iron age Unknown
17 Ngozaki Rutahinduka Bagabu Mukonko Unknown Unknown late Iron age Unknown
18 Isaza Waraga Rugambanabato Bagabu Ngozaki Rutahinduka Unknown Unknown late Iron age Unknown
19 Bukuku Omuranzi Baranzi Unknown Unknown Unknown Early Iron age Kisegwe kya Nyinamwiru, Birembo Sub County, Bugangaizi
20 Bachwezi (Reign of the demi-gods) Ndahura Kyarubumbi Bachwezi Isimbwa Unknown Unknown late bronze age Unknown
21 Mulindwa Nyabweliza Ngango Bachwezi Isimbwa Nyakwahya Basaigi late bronze age Unknown
22 Wamara Bwigunda Bachwezi Ndahura Nyante Unknown early bronze age Unknown

Timeline[edit]

Preceded by:

Succeeded by:


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Empire of Kitara: One of the oldest African Empires that existed since the early bronze age to date". Theafricanhistory.com.
  2. ^ Bernsten, Jan (1 March 1998). "Runyakitara: Uganda's 'New' Language". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 19 (2): 93–107. doi:10.1080/01434639808666345. ISSN 0143-4632.
  3. ^ Stokes, Jamie (2009). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. pp. 506–509.
  4. ^ "AfriWetu Ep14 - Bachwezi Dynasty (Kitara Empire) - African Civilisation Series by AfriWetu". Anchor.fm.
  5. ^ Tantala, Renee (1989). The early history of Kitara in Western Uganda: Process models of religious and political change. Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
  6. ^ "Empire of Kitara: One of the oldest African Empires that existed since 900 AD to date". Theafricanhistory.com. 2 May 2021.
  7. ^ "The Bachwezi powers". Newvision.co.ug. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  8. ^ "AfriWetu Ep15 - Origins of the Bachwezi - Legends Series by AfriWetu". Anchor.fm. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  9. ^ "AfriWetu S2E20 - Queen Makeda of Sheba (Legends) by AfriWetu". Anchor.fm. Retrieved 10 January 2022.

External links[edit]