Empire of Kitara
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Empire of Kitara
The Kingdom of the Banyakitara, also known as Union of Kitara (Union of Cwezi) or Chwezi Union derived from the much older (Empire of the sun or Empire of the Moon), it was a part of the lager KITARA empire that existed in the region from around the early bronze age to about 500 C.E. The Empire of Kitara stretched from modern-day Uganda to Zimbabwe during its peak under the mysterious Cwezi Kings. Its expanse encompassed modern day Uganda, Eastern Kenya, eastern D.R.Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Karagwe, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimabwe and Angola.
According to oral traditions of western Uganda, Kitara empire disintegrated from around (XIV-XV centuries), and broke up into new autonomous kingdoms ruled by kins of the Cwezi who oral legend report to have mysteriously vanished without a trace. The new kingdoms included Bunyoro, Tooro, Ankole, Buganda, Busoga in Uganda, the Kingdom of Rwanda, Burundi, and Karagwe in northern Tanzania and others in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Kitara was reported to have been ruled by two dynasties, the Batembuzi gods and their successors the Bachwezi god-kings. The Chwezi dynasty is thought to have been related to a Tembuzi king Ngonzaki's son Isaza. Isaza is believed to have been the last ruler of the Batembuzi dynasty, he married Nyamata, the daughter of Nyamiyonga (Osiris), "King of the underworld". This union produced king Isimbwa who later fathered Ndahura in Runyakitara (known in Rwanda as Ndahiro I Bamara and in Buganda as Wamala Ndawula), the first of the Chwezi dynastic kings. King Ngonzaki was son to King Bada. Bada was the son to Kakama (Kayima) whose father Hanga descended from the heavens.
|Dynasty||King/Omukama||Clan||Father||Mother||Mother's Clan||Reign||Burial Place|
|1||Batembuzi (Reign of the gods)||Kintu||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown||Bronze age||Jinja|
|5||Ira lya Hangi||Bagabu||Hangi||Unknown||Unknown||bronze age||Unknown|
|6||Kabengera Kazooba ka Hangi||Bagabu||Hangi||Unknown||Unknown||Bronze age||Unknown|
|8||Nkya I||Bagabu||Nyamuhanga||Nyabagabe||Unknown||Late Bronze age||Unknown|
|9||Nkya II||Bagabu||Nyaka I||Unknown||Unknown||Late Bronze age||Unknown|
|10||Baba||Bagabu||Nyka II||Unknown||Unknown||Late Bronze age||Unknown|
|11||Kamuli||Bagabu||Baba||Unknown||Unknown||late Bronze age||Unknown|
|12||Nseka||Bagabu||Kamuli||Unknown||Unknown||late Bronze age||Unknown|
|14||Ntozi||Bagabu||Kudidi||Unknown||Unknown||Early Iron age||Unknown|
|15||Nyakahongerwa||Bagabu||Ntozi||Unknown||Unknown||mid iron age||Unknown|
|16||Mukonko||Bagabu||Nyakahongerwa||Unknown||Unknown||Mid Iron age||Unknown|
|17||Ngozaki Rutahinduka||Bagabu||Mukonko||Unknown||Unknown||late Iron age||Unknown|
|18||Isaza Waraga Rugambanabato||Bagabu||Ngozaki Rutahinduka||Unknown||Unknown||late Iron age||Unknown|
|19||Bukuku Omuranzi||Baranzi||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown||Early Iron age||Kisegwe kya Nyinamwiru, Birembo Sub County, Bugangaizi|
|20||Bachwezi (Reign of the demi-gods)||Ndahura Kyarubumbi||Bachwezi||Isimbwa||Unknown||Unknown||late bronze age||Unknown|
|21||Mulindwa Nyabweliza Ngango||Bachwezi||Isimbwa||Nyakwahya||Basaigi||late bronze age||Unknown|
|22||Wamara Bwigunda||Bachwezi||Ndahura||Nyante||Unknown||early bronze age||Unknown|
- Iteru empire
- Kingdom of Aksum
- Kingdom of Rwanda
- Kingdom of Gitega or Burundi
- Kingdom of Lozvi
- D’mat kingdom
- Karagwe Kingdom
- Zagwe kingdom
- Shewa kingdom
- Kingdom of Makuria
- African Empires
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