Empire of Kitara

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Kitara historical sites

The Empire of Kitara or Chwezi Empire (Empire of the sun, Empire of the moon, Empire of the light), refers to the Kingdom of the Banyakitara. At the time of its greatest expansion, it ruled much of the Nile valley and beyond. When the Kingdom of Aksum disintegrated around 940 AD into the kingdom of Makuria, the Zagwe dynasty, the kingdom of Damot and the kingdom of Shewa, another kingdom broke away in the south to form the Empire of Kitara.[citation needed] The Empire consisted of what is modern day Lake Victoria, Uganda, northern parts of Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, the eastern parts of the DRC, Zambia and Malawi.

The Empire of Kitara included what corresponds to modern Uganda, northern Tanzania, eastern Congo (DRC), Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia and Malawi.

According to oral tradition in the area of Great Lakes of Africa was ruled by a dynasty called Bachwezi (Chwezi) successors of Batembuzi and finally Babito dynasty.[1]

Rulers[edit]

Abakama (Kings) of Bunyoro-Kitara
Dynasty King/Omukama Clan Father Mother Mother's Clan Reign Burial Place
1 Batembuzi (Reign of the gods) Kintu Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown late 900 Unknown
2 Kakama Bagabu Kintu Kati Unknown early 1000 Unknown
3 Itwale Bagabu Kakama Unknown Unknown early 1000 Unknown
4 Hangi Bagabu Itwale Unknown Unknown mid 1000 Unknown
5 Ira lya Hangi Bagabu Hangi Unknown Unknown mid 1000 Unknown
6 Kabengera Kazooba ka Hangi Bagabu Hangi Unknown Unknown late 1000 Unknown
7 Nyamuhanga Bagabu Kazooba Unknown Unknown early 1100 Unknown
8 Nkya I Bagabu Nyamuhanga Nyabagabe Unknown early 1100 Unknown
9 Nkya II Bagabu Nyaka I Unknown Unknown mid 1100 Unknown
10 Baba Bagabu Nyka II Unknown Unknown mid 1100 Unknown
11 Kamuli Bagabu Baba Unknown Unknown late 1100 Unknown
12 Nseka Bagabu Kamuli Unknown Unknown late 1100 Unknown
13 Kudidi Bagabu Nseka Unknown Unknown early 1200 Unknown
14 Ntozi Bagabu Kudidi Unknown Unknown early 1200 Unknown
15 Nyakahongerwa Bagabu Ntozi Unknown Unknown mid 1200 Unknown
16 Mukonko Bagabu Nyakahongerwa Unknown Unknown mid 1200 Unknown
17 Ngozaki Rutahinduka Bagabu Mukonko Unknown Unknown late 1200 Unknown
18 Isaza Waraga Rugambanabato Bagabu Ngozaki Rutahinduka Unknown Unknown late 1200/early 1300 Unknown
19 Bukuku Omuranzi Baranzi Unknown Unknown Unknown early 1300 Kisegwe kya Nyinamwiru, Birembo Sub County, Bugangaizi
20 Bachwezi (Reign of the demi-gods) Ndahura Kyarubumbi Bachwezi Isimbwa Nyinamwiru Unknown 1320 - 1350 Unknown
21 Mulindwa Nyabweliza Ngango Bachwezi Isimbwa Nyakwahya Basaigi 1350 - 1360 Unknown
22 Wamara Bwigunda Bachwezi Ndahura Nyante Unknown 1360 - 1400 Unknown
23 Babiito (Reign of the Kings) Isingoma Rukidi I Mpuuga Kyeramaino Babiito Kyomya Nywatoro Bakwonga early 1400 Dyangi(Bukidi/gulu), garments (masaijagaka-Chope)
24 Ocaki I Rwangirra Babiito Rukidi I Iremera Balisa early 1400, 9 years Irangara, garments(Karara) Bugangaizi)
25 Oyo I Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Babiito Rukidi I Iremera Balisa mid 1400 Kinogozi-Buruli, garments(Kigaju-Kuhukya)
26 Winyi I Rubembeka Ntara Babiito Oyo I Nyaraki Bakwonga late 1400 Kiburara, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
27 Olimi I Rwitamahanga Babiito Winyi I Nyagiro Banywagi early 1500 Kalimbi-Mutuba II, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
28 Nyabongo I chwa Relemu Babiito Olimi I Unknown Muchwa mid 1500 Muyenje, garments(Busesa in Buyaga)
29 Winyi II Rubagiramasega Babiito Nyabongo I Unknown Balisa mid 1500 Lapenje, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
30 Olimi II Ruhundwangeye Babiito Winyi II Unknown Bakwonga late 1500 Burongo, Isingo/Rugonjo/Ssingo
31 Nyarwa I Omuzarra Kyaro Babiito Olimi II Runengo Bagweri late 1500/early 1600 Kyaka - Toro
32 Chwa I Ente Nkole Rumoma Mahanga Babiito Nyarwa I Runengo Bagweri early 1600 Rwanda
33 Omujwera(Princess) Masamba Ga Winyi Babiito Winyi II Unknown Bakwonga early 1600, 5 years Rwembuba, Bugangaizi
34 Kyebambe I Omuziikya Babiito Chwa I Ihembe Babiito early 1600 Kijaguzo, Nyakabimba-Toro
35 Winyi III Ruguruka Macolya Babiito Kyembabe I Gawa Bakwonga mid 1600 Miduma, Buruli- Masindi
36 Nyaika I Omuragwa Macolya Babiito Winyi III Unknown Unknown late 1600 Kihwera, Bujenje
37 Kyebambe II Bikaju Babiito Winyi III Kacubya Unknown late 1600/early 1700 Nyamiryango, kihukya Saza
38 Olimi III Isansa Babiito Kyembabe II Mpanga Omwangamwoyo Babiito 1710-1731, 21 years Kiguhyo-Buyaga, garments in Buhonda Bugangaizi
39 Duhaga I Mujwiga Babiito Olimi III Kindiki Basaigi 1731-1782, 51 years Irangarra Muytba III, Bugangaizi
40 Olimi IV Kasoma Babiito Duhaga I Unknown Muchwa 1782-1786, 4 years Ruhunga - Mumyoka, Buhaguzi
41 Kyebambe III Nyamutukura Babiito Olimi IV Kafunda Bachwa 1786 - 1835, 49 years Kibedi-Nyamanunda, Buyaga
42 Nyabongo II Mugenyi Biranga Babiito Kyebamabe III Kajaja Bafunjo 1835 - 1848, 13 years Bukonda Sabagabo - Buyaga, garments in Kitonzei, Mutuba I
43 Olimi IV Rwakabale Babiito Nyabongo II Unknown Bazira 1848 - 1852, 4 years Kitonya, Mutuba III, Buyaga
44 Kyabambe IV Kamurasi Babiito Nyabongo II Unknown Unknown 1852 - 1869, 17 years Busibika Ngangi, Buyanja
45 Chwa II Kabaleega Yokana Babiito Kamurasi Kenyange Nyamutahingurwa Abayonza 1870 - 1899, 29 years Mparo, Hoima
46 Kitahimbwa I Karukara Yosia Babiito Chwa II Kabaleega Maliza Mukakyabara Bagaaya Akiiki Babiito 1898-1902, 4 years Nyareweyo, Bugagaizi
47 Duhaga II Bisereko Andereya Babiito Chwa II Kabaleega Maliza Mukakyabara Bagaaya Akiiki Babiito 1902-1924, 22 years Kinogozi, Buhimba-Hoima
48 Winyi IV, Tito Gafabusa Babiito Chwa II Kabaleega Maliza Mukakyabara Bagaaya Akiiki Babiito 1925-1967, 42 years Mparo, Hoima
49 Iguru I, Solomon Gafabusa Babiito Winyi IV Getrude Gafabusa Komweru Ateenyi Babiito 1994–Present N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ Doyle, Shane (2006). Crisis & Decline in Bunyoro: Population & Environment in Western Uganda 1860-1955. James Currey Publishers. pp. 11–13. Retrieved 22 October 2015.