Empis tessellata

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Empis tessellata
Tanzfliege Dance fly.jpg
Empis tessellata. Male
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Empididae
Genus: Empis
Subgenus:
Species:
E. tessellata
Binomial name
Empis tessellata
Fabricius, 1794 [1]
Synonyms[3]
  • Empis atripe s Strobl, 1893
  • Empis nigripes Strobl, 1880
  • Empis tipuloides Strobl, 1893

Empis tessellata is a species of dance fly, in the fly family Empididae.

Distribution[edit]

The species is distributed in most of Europe from the Mediterranean to Scandinavia, in the east to the Middle East and Central Asia to Japan.[4]

Habitat[edit]

These dance flies can be found on various plants on moist meadows, on forest edges, on clearings and lightly wooded areas.[5]

Description[edit]

Female

Empis tessellata can reach a length of about 9–11 millimetres (0.35–0.43 in) and a wingspan of 9.3–11 millimetres (0.37–0.43 in).[5][6] These large dance flies have a strongly black bristled body.[6] The long legs are varying in color,[6] usually they are red-yellow with black thighs. The brown-tinged wings have dark brown veins and rusty-yellow costal margin.[6] The head is small and almost spherical with black antennae, large brown eyes and a long pointed proboscis.[6]

The thorax is gray-black in ground color[6] and carries three black longitudinal stripes. The abdomen is elongated and arched, marbled bronze-gray. The 3rd (last) antennal segment bears a two-segmented seta. The sexes are distinguishable by the size of their eyes. In the males, they are narrowly contiguous, widely separated in the females.

Empis tessellata is the largest British Empis species, though there are other similar sized species in mainland Europe.[2]

Biology[edit]

Adults can be seen from April to August. Apparently, only adult males are predatory on other insects,[6] but also larvae are predatory.[5] Adults mainly hunt Diptera or other small insects, but they also feed on the nectar of flowers. especially of umbellifers.

Before mating, the male catches prey to present as a gift to the female. Only then the mating takes place.[7] The creamy-yellow larvae live underneath the ground and in leaf litter.[5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chandler, Peter J. (1998). Checklists of Insects of the British Isles (New Series) Part 1: Diptera. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. New Series. 12. London: Royal Entomological Society of London. p. 234. ISBN 0-901546-82-8.
  2. ^ a b Collin, J.E. (1961). British Flies VI: Empididae Part 2: Hybotinae, Empidinae (except Hilara). 4. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. p. 329.
  3. ^ Catalogue of life
  4. ^ Fauna europaea
  5. ^ a b c d Neil Helyer, Nigel D. Cattlin, Kevin C. Brown Biological Control in Plant Protection: A Colour Handbook, Second Edition
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Milan Chvála: The Empidoidea (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark: Genus Empis. III Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica Vol. 29. Brill Academic Publishers, 1994. ISBN 9004096639 pp. 24-25
  7. ^ Nature Spot