Empresa Líneas Marítimas Argentinas

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Empresa Líneas Marítimas Argentinas (ELMA) (English: Argentine Shipping Lines Company) was an Argentine cargo shipping line formed on September 30, 1960, after Juan Perón nationalised the shipping industry.[1] The Argentine Maritime Lines Company involved the merger of two companies, both State: the Merchant Fleet of the State (FME) and Argentina Fleet of Navigation of Ultramar (FANU). It served Argentina's foreign trade until the 1990s, when the government of Carlos Menem declared its dissolution. It was at its peak its fleet had more than 60 ships (approximately 700,000 tonnes of DW). Ships sailing to Northern Europe, the United Kingdom, the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean, the east coasts of the United States of America and Canada, the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific, the Middle East and Far East and Africa.[2]

World War II ships[edit]

One of the first ships was a used World war II ship, in 1946 the SS Bozeman Victory was sold to Compana Argentina de Nav. Dodero, Buenos Aires, Argentina and renamed SS Campero. In 1949 she was sold to Flota Argentina de Nav. de Ultramar, Buenos Aires. In 1961 she was sold to Empresa Líneas Marítimas Argentinas, Buenos Aires. In 1972 she was scrapped at Campana, Argentina.

[3]

ELMA and Argentine naval industry[edit]

During the 1960s a fleet renewal plan was put in place, giving priority to constructions in Argentine shipyards. Lago Argentino, Lago Aluminé and Almirante Stewart ships were built by Naval State Shipyards and Factories (AFNE). After there ships three more were built: Rio de la Plata, Rio Paraná and Rio Calchaquí. With these successes five more ships were built: Río Cincel, Río Teuco, Deseado River, Gualeguay River and Iguazú River.

The shipyards ASTARSA built the ships: Río Limay, Río Esquel and Río Olivia. A series of 6 ships were built: Almirante Storni, Neuquén II, Libertador General José de San Martín, Dr Atilio Malvagni, President Ramón S. Castillo and General Manuel Belgrano. Then a series of 3 ships: Buenos Aires II, Córdoba and La Pampa. This built the ELMA fleet to 23 ships totaling just over 272,000 tonnes. The last additions to the fleet came with three refrigerated vessels: Alianza, Perito Moreno Glacier, Viedma Glacier and Ameghino Glacier . Then two AFNE container ships: Gran Malvina Island and Isla Soledad . [4][5]

End[edit]

It was dismantled during the 1990s as part of president Carlos Menem's 1990s state reform laws.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Emiliano Galli (July 8, 2015). "A la deriva: el ocaso de la flota mercante argentina". Lanacion.com.ar. Retrieved 2015-12-13. 
  2. ^ Perón and maritime policy in the Argentina: the merchant fleet of Estado, 1946-1955
  3. ^ mariners-l.co.uk Victory ships
  4. ^ Baschetti, Roberto: Documents of the Peronist Resistance 1955-1970. Puntosur Editors 1988, page 66
  5. ^ Argentine Lines (ELMA - Empresa Líneas Marítimas Argentinas)

External links[edit]