Empress Ma (Hongwu)

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Empress Xiaoci
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma (馬).

Empress Ma, formally Empress Xiaocigao (1332–1382) was a Chinese Empress consort of the Ming Dynasty, married to the Hongwu Emperor.


Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Gi
Empress of China
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaominrang