Empress Xiaomucheng

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Empress Xiaomucheng
Reign Never reigned. Empress title bestowed posthumously.
Predecessor Empress Xiaoherui
Successor Empress Xiaoshencheng
Spouse Daoguang Emperor
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaomu Wenhou Zhuangsu Duancheng Kehui Kuanqin Futian Yusheng Cheng
House Aisin-Gioro
Died 1808
Forbidden City, Beijing, China
Burial 22 September 1827
Eastern Wing Tombs (1827–1835)
Western Qing Tombs (1835–present)
Empress Xiaomucheng
Chinese name
Chinese 孝穆成皇后
Lady Niuhuru
Traditional Chinese 鈕祜祿氏
Simplified Chinese 钮祜禄氏
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᠴᡳᠪᠰᡠᠩᡤᠣ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᠠᠨ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ
Romanization hiyoošungga cibsunggo šanggan hūwangheo

Empress Xiaomucheng (died 17 February 1808) was the first consort of the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing Dynasty.


Empress Xiaomucheng was of the Manchu Niuhuru clan, which was under the Bordered Yellow Banner of the Eight Banners.[1] Her personal name is unknown. Lady Niuhuru's father was Buyandalai (布顏達賚), a Duke of the Third Class (三等公) who served as Minister of Revenue (戶部尚書). Her birth date is not found in historical records. She was first mentioned in 1796 when she married Mianning on December 22 that year.

Lady Niuhuru did not have any children. She died in 1808 and was interred in the Eastern Qing Tombs, Zunhua.

When Mianning ascended to the throne in 1820 as the Daoguang Emperor, he granted Lady Niuhuru the posthumous title of "Empress Xiaomu". In 1828 there was a leak in the Eastern Qing Tombs, resulting in flooding. In the following year, Lady Niuhuru's coffin was temporarily moved to the Baohua Ravine Hall (寶華峪正殿). In 1835 her coffin was to the Muling Mausoleum in the Western Qing Tombs, Hebei.

Posthumous title[edit]

Empress Xiaomucheng's full posthumous title is:

  • Empress Xiaomuwenhouzhuangsuduanchengkehuikuanqinfutianyushengcheng

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The draft history of the Qing Dynasty 《清史稿 卷一百六十七 表七》 states that her family belonged to this banner.



Empress Xiaomucheng
Died: 1808
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoherui
Empress of China
Title bestowed posthumously
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaoshencheng