Empress Xiaomucheng

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Empress Xiaomucheng
《孝穆成皇后朝服像》局部.jpg
Tenure posthumously honoured as Empress
Predecessor Empress Xiaoherui
Successor Empress Xiaoshencheng
Died 17 February 1808(1808-02-17)
Forbidden City, Beijing, China
Burial 22 September 1827
Eastern Qing tombs (1827–1835)
Western Qing tombs (1835–present)
Spouse Daoguang Emperor
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaomu Wenhou Zhuangsu Duancheng Kehui Kuanqin Futian Yusheng Cheng
(孝穆溫厚莊肅端誠恪惠寬欽孚天裕聖成皇后)
House Niohuru (by birth)
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Empress Xiaomucheng
Chinese name
Chinese 孝穆成皇后
Lady Niohuru
Traditional Chinese 鈕祜祿氏
Simplified Chinese 钮祜禄氏
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠ ᠴᡳᠪᠰᡠᠩᡤᠣ ᡧᠠᠩᡤᠠᠨ ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ
Romanization hiyoošungga cibsunggo šanggan hūwangheo

Empress Xiaomucheng (died 17 February 1808) was the first consort of the Daoguang Emperor of the Qing dynasty.

Life[edit]

Empress Xiaomucheng was born in the Manchu Niohuru clan, which was under the Bordered Yellow Banner.[1] Her personal name is unknown. Her father was Buyandalai (布顏達賚), a third class duke who served as the Secretary of the Ministry of Revenue. She was first mentioned in historical records when she married Mianning on 22 December 1796.

Lady Niohuru did not have any children. She died in 1808 and was interred in the Eastern Qing tombs.

When Mianning succeeded his father in 1820 and was enthroned as the Daoguang Emperor, he granted Lady Niohuru the posthumous title "Empress Xiaomu". In 1828, there was a leak in the Eastern Qing tombs, resulting in flooding. In the following year, Lady Niohuru's casket was temporarily moved to the Baohua Ravine Hall (寶華峪正殿). In 1835, her casket was transferred to the Muling Mausoleum in the Western Qing tombs.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Volume 167 of the Qing Shi Gao states that her family was from the Bordered Yellow Banner.

References[edit]

  • Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645. 
  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese). 
Empress Xiaomucheng
Died: 1808
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Xiaoherui
Empress of China
title granted posthumously
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaoshencheng