Ems-Supérieur (German: Ober-Ems) was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Germany. It was named after the river Ems. It was formed in 1811, when the region was annexed by France. Its territory was part of the present-day German lands Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia. Its capital was Osnabrück.
- Osnabrück, cantons: Bramsche, Dissen, Bad Essen, Bad Iburg, Lengerich, Melle, Osnabrück (3 cantons), Ostbevern, Ostercappeln, Tecklenburg and Versmold.
- Minden, cantons: Petershagen, Bünde, Enger, Levern, Lübbecke, Minden, Quernheim, Rahden, Uchte and Werther.
- Quakenbrück, cantons: Ankum, Cloppenburg, Diepholz, Dinklage, Friesoythe, Löningen, Quakenbrück, Vechta, Vörden and Wildeshausen.
- Lingen, cantons: Bevergern, Freren, Fürstenau, Haselünne, Ibbenbüren, Lingen, Meppen, Papenburg and Sögel.
Its population in 1812 was 415,018.