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Ems-Supérieur (red) within France (grey), 1812

Ems-Supérieur ([ɛms sy.pe.ʁjœʁ], "Upper Ems"; German: Ober-Ems) was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Germany. It was formed in 1811, when the region was annexed by France. Its territory was part of the present-day German lands Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia. Its capital was Osnabrück.

The department was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[1]

Its population in 1812 was 415,018.[1]

After Napoleon was defeated in 1814, most of the department became part of the Kingdom of Hanover.


  1. ^ a b Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 399, accessed in Gallica 24 July 2013 (in French)

Coordinates: 52°29′34.13″N 7°51′18.81″E / 52.4928139°N 7.8552250°E / 52.4928139; 7.8552250