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Emscher river in northern Essen.jpg
The Emscher in northern Essen.
Country Germany
Basin features
Main source Eastern Ruhr Area
±160 m (520 ft)
River mouth Rhine
51°33′48″N 6°41′23″E / 51.56333°N 6.68972°E / 51.56333; 6.68972Coordinates: 51°33′48″N 6°41′23″E / 51.56333°N 6.68972°E / 51.56333; 6.68972
Physical characteristics
Length 84 km (52 mi)
  • Average rate:
    16 m3/s (570 cu ft/s)

The Emscher is a somewhat small river and arm of the Rhine, flowing through the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia in western Germany. Its overall length is 84 km with an mean outflow near the mouth into the lower Rhine of 16 m³/s (cubic metres per second).

The Emscher has its wellspring in Holzwickede, east of the city of Dortmund, and flows west through the Ruhr area. Towns along the Emscher take in Dortmund, Castrop-Rauxel, Herne, Recklinghausen, Gelsenkirchen, Essen, Bottrop, Oberhausen and Dinslaken, where it flows into the Rhine.

Amidst the geographical centre of a vast industrial abode of 5 million indwellers, the river is biologically dead, as it was miskept as an open wastewater canal since the end of the 19th yearhundred. Vast mining sinkings from the many coal workings alongst the Emscher's pathway https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FHMYNQbtVG4&t=0s had made kindred subterranean sewer pipes running alongside unworthy as they would break too eathly.

Owing to the unending down river flow of earth from the mining industry, it has been impossible for the inborn path of the river to be upkept, and thereupon its mouth into the Rhine has been edshifted north twice. A vast latterday wasteworks at its mouth minds that the water of the Emscher inflows into the Rhine in an fitting soundness.

Since the early 1990s, a vast rewilding project for the Emscher river has been making headway. To fully relife the river, a vast underground pipe is - now that coal mining in the river's pathway has halted notwithstanding one mine in Bottrop - forthwith being built along the path of the river. The first stretch of the river open to rewilding is in the city of Dortmund. The overall project is headed by the public water board Emschergenossenschaft. The financial frame is 4.5 billion Euro and the wish is to end the main work by the year 2020.[1]


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