Red-faced turtle

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Red-faced turtle
Emydura australis lateral.gif
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Pleurodira
Family: Chelidae
Subfamily: Chelodininae
Genus: Emydura
Species: E. victoriae
Binomial name
Emydura victoriae
(Gray, 1842)[1]

see text

The red-faced turtle, (Emydura victoriae Gray, 1842) is a medium-sized aquatic turtle inhabiting rivers, streams and permanent water bodies across much of northern Australia.


Ventral view of the holotype of Emydura australis, Natural History Museum

This species has a disrupted nomenclatural history. For many years it appeared in the literature as Emydura australis (Gray 1841:445)[5] however in 1983 this name was synonymised with Emydura macquarii, incorrectly according to Iverson et al. 2001.[6] Since this time the species has been known as Emydura victoriae this name too has nomenclatural issues[6] and it is possible the names may eventually be reversed again.


  • Hydraspis australis Gray 1841:445 nomen dubium
  • Hydraspis victoriae Gray 1842:55
  • Chelymys australis Gray 1871:336
  • Chelymys victoriae Gray 1872:21
  • Emydura australis Boulenger 1889:ix[7]
  • Emydura victoriae Worrell 1964:17
  • Tropicochelymys victoriae Wells & Wellington, 1985:9
  • Emydura victoria Cann, 1997:28 (ex errore)


  1. ^ Gray, J.E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. pp 51-57. in Gray, J.E. Zoological Miscellaney. London: Treutal, Wurtz and Co.
  2. ^ Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World". Vertebrate Zoology 57 (2): 334. ISSN 18640-5755. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk PP, Iverson JB, Rhodin AGJ, Shaffer HB, Bour R]. 2014. "Turtles of the world, 7th edition: annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution with maps, and conservation status". PDF Chelonian Research Monographs 5 (7): 000.329–479], [doi:10.3854/ crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014.]
  4. ^ Georges A, Thomson S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37.
  5. ^ Gray, John Edward. 1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia, and some remarks on their geographical distribution. In: Grey, G. Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest and Western Australia. London: T. and W. Boone, Vol. 2. Appendix E, pp. 422–449.
  6. ^ a b John B. Iverson, Arthur Georges and Scott Thomson. 2001. The validity of the taxonomic changes for turtles proposed by Wells and Wellington. Journal of Herpetology 35, 361-368. download
  7. ^ Boulenger, George A. 1889. Catalogue of the Chelonians, Rhynchocephalians, and Crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). London: Trustees of the Museum, 311 pp.