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King of Lagash
Enhegal King of Lagash (horizontal).jpg
Inscription For En-hegal, King of Lagash (𒂗𒃶𒅅 𒈗𒂠 𒉢𒁓𒆷), in the Tablet of En-hegal
Reignc. 2570  BCE
Dynasty1st dynasty of Lagash
Lugalshaengur was governor of Lagash, circa 2600 BCE.

En-hegal, also Enhengal (Sumerian: 𒂗𒃶𒅅, en-ḫe₂-ŋal₂), was possibly an ancient ruler of the Sumerian city-state of Lagash.[1] Only one inscription mentioning him is known, the "Tablet of En-hegal", describing a business transaction.[2][3] If indeed a king of Lagash, it is estimated he would have ruled circa 2570 BCE.[4][5]

The tablet with his name describes a business transaction, in which a possible King En-hegal buys land.[6] He seems to have purchased about 1,000 hectares of land.[7] A tentative translation of the tablet was published by George A. Barton.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Enhegal [CDLI Wiki]". cdli.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2020-12-22.
  2. ^ a b c d Barton, George A. (1915). Sumerian Business and Administrative Documents. Philadelphia University. p. 9, see also plates.
  3. ^ "Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative".
  4. ^ "The inscription by an ensi called Enhegal dates from the Early Dynastic period IH, around 2570 BC." in Leick, Gwendolyn (2009). Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia. Scarecrow Press. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-8108-6324-8.
  5. ^ Silver, Morris (1995). Economic Structures of Antiquity. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 182. ISBN 978-0-313-29380-1.
  6. ^ Kramer, Samuel Noah (1971). The Sumerians: Their History, Culture, and Character. University of Chicago Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-226-45238-8.
  7. ^ Adams, Robert McCormick. The Evolution of Urban Society: Early Mesopotamia and Prehispanic Mexico. Transaction Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-202-36594-7.


  • Vojtech Zamarovský, Na počiatku bol Sumer, Mladé letá, 1968 Bratislava
  • Plamen Rusev, Mesalim, Lugal Na Kish: Politicheska Istoriia Na Ranen Shumer (XXVIII-XXVI V. Pr. N. E.), Faber, 2001 (LanguageBulgarian) [(Mesalim, Lugal of Kish. Political History of Early Sumer (XXVIII–XXVI century BC.)]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Lagash
ca. 25th century BCE
Succeeded by