Enakalle

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Enakalle
๐’‚๐’€ญ๐’•๐’Šฌ
King of Umma
Stone tablet re Il, king of Umma, c. 2400 BC - Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago - DSC07155 (orientation).jpg
Stone tablet for the dedication of a temple, inscribed by Il, king of Umma, c. 2400 BC, and mentioning his father Eandamu (๐’‚๐’€ญ๐’•๐’Šฌ), and his grandfather King Enakalle. Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago
Reignc. 2500  BC โ€“ 2400  BC
PredecessorUsh
SuccessorUr-Lumma (son)
Dynasty1st Dynasty of Umma

Enakalle (Sumerian: ๐’‚—๐’€‰๐’†—๐’‡ท, EN.A.KAL-le), or Enakalli, was the king of Umma circa 2500โ€“2400 BC, a Sumerian city-state, during the Early Dynastic III period (2600โ€“2350 BC).

Enakalle in the cone of Entemena[edit]

His predecessor Ush, ruler of Umma, attacked nearby Lagash after ripping out the stele of Mesilim, trying to take Gu-Edin, as recording in the Cone of Entemena.[1][2] Ush was severely defeated by Eannatum of Lagash, in a battle recorded in the Stele of the Vultures, losing 3,600 men in battle, and being toppled and put to death by his own people in Lagash.[3]

Enakalle, his successor, finally made a peace treaty with Eannatum of Lagash, as described in the Cone of Entemena:[1][2][3]

Sumerian Cuneiform Stone Cone. Cone of Enmetena, king of Lagash.jpg
32โ€“38

๐’‚๐’€ญ๐’ˆพ๐’บ ๐’‰บ๐’‹ผ๐’‹› ๐’‰ข๐’“๐’†ท๐’†  ๐’‰บ๐’„‘๐’‰‹๐’‚ต ๐’‚—๐’‹ผ๐’ˆจ๐’ˆพ ๐’‰บ๐’‹ผ๐’‹› ๐’‰ข๐’“๐’†ท๐’† ๐’…—๐’†ค
e2-an-na-tum2 ensi2 lagaลกki pa-bil3-ga en-mete-na ensi2 lagaลกki-ka-ke4
"Eannatum, ruler of Lagash, uncle of Entemena, ruler of Lagaลก"
39โ€“42
๐’‚—๐’€‰๐’†—๐’‡ท ๐’‰บ๐’‹ผ๐’‹› ๐’„‘๐’†ต๐’† ๐’• ๐’†  ๐’‚Š๐’•๐’‹ฉ
en-a2-kal-le ensi2 ummaki-da ki e-da-sur
"fixed the border with Enakalle, ruler of Umma"

Extract from the Cone of Enmetena, Room 236 Reference AO 3004, Louvre Museum.[4][5]
Il was king of Umma, circa 2400 BCE.

Enakalle in inscriptions[edit]

Ur-Lumma was the son of Enakalle, and his successor. He challenged Enannatum I, but was defeated by his successor Enmetena.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b King 1994, pp. 126โ€“128.
  2. ^ a b King & Hall 2006, pp. 171โ€“173.
  3. ^ a b Sallaberger, Walther; Schrakamp, Ingo (2015). History & Philology (PDF). Walther Sallaberger & Ingo Schrakamp (eds), Brepols. pp. 74โ€“76. ISBN 978-2-503-53494-7.
  4. ^ "Cone of Enmetena, king of Lagash". 2020.
  5. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu. Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  6. ^ Van De Mieroop, Marc (2004). A History of the Ancient Near East: Ca. 3000-323 BC. Wiley. pp. 50โ€“51. ISBN 9780631225522.
  7. ^ Sallaberger, Walther; Schrakamp, Ingo (2015). History & Philology (PDF). Walther Sallaberger & Ingo Schrakamp (eds), Brepols. pp. 74โ€“80. ISBN 978-2-503-53494-7.
  8. ^ "Louvre Museum Official Website". cartelen.louvre.fr.
  9. ^ Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2003. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-58839-043-1.
  10. ^ Thomas, Ariane; Potts, Timothy (2020). Mesopotamia: Civilization Begins. Getty Publications. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-60606-649-2.

Sources[edit]