Enchenberg

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Enchenberg
St. Verena's Chapel
St. Verena's Chapel
Coat of arms of Enchenberg
Coat of arms
Location of Enchenberg
Enchenberg is located in France
Enchenberg
Enchenberg
Enchenberg is located in Grand Est
Enchenberg
Enchenberg
Coordinates: 49°01′00″N 7°20′00″E / 49.0167°N 7.3333°E / 49.0167; 7.3333Coordinates: 49°01′00″N 7°20′00″E / 49.0167°N 7.3333°E / 49.0167; 7.3333
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
DepartmentMoselle
ArrondissementSarreguemines
CantonBitche
IntercommunalityCC du Pays de Bitche
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Bernard Fath
Area
1
9.73 km2 (3.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
1,288
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
57192 /57415
Elevation252–408 m (827–1,339 ft)
(avg. 380 m or 1,250 ft)
Websitewww.enchenberg.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Enchenberg (in both French and German, Lorraine Franconian: Enschebärsch) is a commune in the Moselle department of the Grand Est administrative region in north-eastern France.

The village belongs to the Pays de Bitche and to the Northern Vosges Regional Nature Park. As of the 2013 France census, the village's population is 1,272. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Enchenbergeois or Enchenbergeoises.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

colored map
Enchenberg's municipal territory

Located east of the Moselle department, the village is part of the Pays de Bitche. It is located 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south-west of Bitche, the county's chief town, 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) south-east of Sarreguemines, the arrondissement's subprefecture, about 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Metz, the department's prefecture and about 57 kilometres (35 mi) north-west of Strasbourg, the region's prefecture.[2] Neighboring communes include Bining and Rohrbach-lès-Bitche to the west, Petit-Réderching, Siersthal and Lambach to the north, Lemberg to the east, and Montbronn and Saint-Louis-lès-Bitche to the south.

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Administration[edit]

colored map
Situation of Enchenberg (red) in the Bitche canton.

Canton and intercommunality[edit]

Enchenberg is one of 46 communes in the canton of Bitche. Its general counsels since the French legislative election of 2012 are Anne Mazuy-Harter (DVD) and David Suck (UDI).[4]

The town is part of the Pays de Bitche federation of municipalities which as of January 1, 2017 consists of the same 46 communes as the canton. This grouping is headed by Francis Vogt, municipal counsel of Bitche.[5]

List of successive mayors[edit]

From To Name Party Position
1989 2008 Raymond Rimlinger DVG General counsel
2008 2011 Thierry Beck
2011 2014 Laurent Hen
2014 2020 Bernard Fath

(Not all data is known)

Population[edit]

In 2014 the commune had 1,277 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population - Municipality code 57192.svg

Local life[edit]

Language[edit]

The majority of the inhabitants can speak and/or understand German and also speak French. The local dialect is known as Lorraine Franconian. Lorraine Franconian is a dialect of German that has been spoken and developed in the region for over a thousand years.[6]

Education[edit]

Enchenberg depends on the Academy of Nancy-Metz.

The village is provided with a preschool (French: école maternelle) and a primary school (French: école primaire).

Studies then go on at the collège La Paraison in Lemberg. To pursue their studies in high school, young Enchenbergeois(es) mainly go to Bitche or Sarreguemines.

Health[edit]

Nearby hospitals are located in Bitche, Ingwiller, Sarreguemines, Saverne, Haguenau and Strasbourg.[7]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Beck, Joël (1988). Rohrbach-lès-Bitche et son canton (in French) (Éditions Pierron ed.). Sarreguemines.
  • Beck, Joël (1999). Moulins : huileries, tailleries, scieries du pays de Bitche (in French) (Éditions Pierron ed.). Sarreguemines.
  • Beck, Joël (2004). Le canton de Rohrbach-lès-Bitche (in French) (Éditions Sutton ed.).
  • Beck, Joël (2005). Le Pays de Bitche 1900-1939 (in French) (Éditions Sutton ed.).
  • Cochet, Jean Didier (2008). Plan local d'urbanisme d'Enchenberg [Rapport de présentation] (PDF) (in French). Laxou.
  • Glath, Paul-Édouard (1997). Du pays de Bitche en Charente-Maritime : Souvenirs de 1939-40 (in French).
  • Hiegel, Henri (1971). "Les noms de localités d'Enchenberg, Glasenberg, Lemberg et Mouterhouse". Le Pays de Bitche (in French). num. 3. pp. 8–11.
  • Jacops, Marie-France; Guillaume, Jacques; Hemmert, Didier (1998). Le Pays de Bitche (Moselle) (in French) (Éditions Serpenoise ed.). Metz. pp. 46–48.
  • Kochert, Francis; Michaux, Laurette; Michaux, Gérard (2008). Moselle : Metz et le pays messin, pays de Bitche, Nied, Sarrebourg, Saulnois, trois frontières et bassin houiller (in French).
  • Schaefer, Joseph (2004). Le Pays de Bitche, passionnément (in French).
  • Schutz, André (1992). Bitche et son pays (in French).

Related articles[edit]

= External links[edit]

=

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Orthodromy". Lion1906 from Lionel Delvarre. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ "County Council". moselle.fr. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  5. ^ "The community of communes's elected representatives". Pays de Bitche community of communes's website. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  6. ^ S. Legrand - according to the INSEE's numbers.
  7. ^ "Nearest hospitals from Enchenberg". medecin-360.fr. Retrieved 24 July 2016.