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Encholirium horridum (WS 02-Film24-Bild36).jpg
Encholirium horridum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Pitcairnioideae
Genus: Encholirium
Schult. & Schult.f.

Encholirium is a genus of the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Pitcairnioideae. The entire genus is endemic to Brazil.[1][2] The genus name is from the Greek “enchos” (spear) and “leiron” (lily).[3]

This genus occur exclusively in arid, rocky conditions. Some species of Encholirium are limited in number and have been the focus of conservation efforts.[4] These plants, which have been observed being pollinated by bats,[5] are commonly confused with Dyckia.


  1. Encholirium agavoides Forzza & Zappi
  2. Encholirium ascendens Leme
  3. Encholirium belemii L.B. Smith & R.W. Read
  4. Encholirium biflorum (Mez) Forzza
  5. Encholirium brachypodum L.B. Smith & R.W. Read
  6. Encholirium bradeanum L.B. Smith
  7. Encholirium ctenophyllum Forzza & Zappi
  8. Encholirium disjunctum Forzza
  9. Encholirium diamantinum Forzza
  10. Encholirium eddie-estevesii Leme & Forzza
  11. Encholirium erectiflorum L.B. Smith
  12. Encholirium gracile L.B. Smith
  13. Encholirium heloisae (L.B. Smith) Forzza & Wanderley
  14. Encholirium horridum L.B. Smith
  15. Encholirium irwinii L.B. Smith
  16. Encholirium longiflorum Leme
  17. Encholirium luxor L.B. Smith & R.W. Read
  18. Encholirium lymanianum E. Pereira & Martinelli
  19. Encholirium magalhaesii L.B. Smith
  20. Encholirium maximum Forzza & Leme
  21. Encholirium pedicellatum (Mez) Rauh
  22. Encholirium pulchrum Forzza, Leme & O.B.C.Ribeiro
  23. Encholirium reflexum Forzza & Wanderley
  24. Encholirium scrutor (L.B. Smith) Rauh
  25. Encholirium spectabile Martius ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  26. Encholirium subsecundum (Baker) Mez
  27. Encholirium vogelii Rauh


  1. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Campostrini Forzza, R. (2005). Revisão taxonômica de Encholirium Mart. ex Schult. & Schult.f. (Pitcairnioideae - Bromeliaceae). Boletim de Botânica da Universidade de São Paulo 23: 1-49.
  3. ^ http://www.bsi.org/brom_info/genera.html
  4. ^ SpringerLink - Journal Article
  5. ^ Cat.Inist

External links[edit]