Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español
Screenshot of Main Page on 1 April 2006
Type of site
|Wiki Internet encyclopedia|
|Registration||Not required (although in some events unregistered users have to register to view and edit)|
|Users||10 active contributors|
|Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike 3.0|
|Written in||MediaWiki, made in PHP|
|Owner||University of Seville|
|Created by||Edgar Enyedy|
|Launched||26 February 2002|
Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español is a Spanish language wiki encyclopedia, released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0. It uses the MediaWiki software. It started as a fork of the Spanish Wikipedia.
The Enciclopedia Libre was founded by contributors to the Spanish-language Wikipedia who decided to start an independent project. Led by Edgar Enyedy, they left Wikipedia on 26 February 2002, and created the new website, provided by the University of Seville for free, with the freely licensed articles of the Spanish-language Wikipedia.
The reasons for the split are explained on Enciclopedia Libre. Key issues included concerns about censorship and the possibility of advertising on Wikipedia. From the interview with Edgar Enyedy, the main reasons for splitting at that time were:
- Perceived expectation that Wikipedia would soon start hosting advertisements.
- Non-English Wikipedias were running older, less featured versions of MediaWiki. When national groups offered help in software development and maintenance, access to the servers was denied.
- The downloadable database dumps of Wikipedia content were highly outdated.
- Wikipedia was hosted on a .com rather than a .org domain.
In 2011, Enyedy said that the sole reason for the failure of Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español as a long term project was because it "was not intended to last. It was merely a form of pressure. Some of the goals were achieved, not all of them, but it was worth the cost."
Possibility of a merger
In October 2002, an effort led by Wikipedia editor Daniel Mayer (whose username is Maveric149) and others was made to reunite the projects, but the participants of Enciclopedia Libre voted against reunification before Wikipedia could offer a reunification proposal. The users of Enciclopedia Libre did, however, leave open the possibility for a future merger and expressed an interest in maintaining lines of communication.
Several talks have been made to make a merger. There also have been changes on Wikipedia and Enciclopedia Libre that may contribute to a merger:
- Creation of a non-profit Wikipedia organization, known as Wikimedia Foundation;
- Multilingual portal
- Installation of MediaWiki software on Enciclopedia Libre, so running the same wiki engine as Wikipedia.
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While Enciclopedia Libre initially grew much more rapidly than the Spanish Wikipedia, the Spanish Wikipedia overtook it in 2004. Since then, the Spanish Wikipedia has grown at a much greater rate. As of January 2015, the Spanish Wikipedia hosts approximately twenty-three times as many articles as Enciclopedia Libre.
|Date||Approximate number of entries in Enciclopedia Libre||Approximate number of entries in the Spanish Wikipedia|
|11 March 2002||3,036||1,300|
|2 April 2002||5,972||1,300|
|1 May 2002||7,540||1,400|
|27 May 2002||7,837||1,500|
|13 June 2002||8,125||1,500|
|13 July 2002||8,519|
|4 August 2002||8,658||1,500|
|31 August 2002||8,996||1,500|
|3 October 2002||9,362||1,600|
|26 October 2002||10,258||1,900|
|17 June 2003||14,250||3,700|
|8 July 2003||14,428|
|2 August 2003||14,662||4,600|
|6 September 2003||15,116||5,900|
|2 November 2003||15,572||8,900|
|6 December 2003||16,039||11,000|
|20 March 2004||19,688||19,000|
|6 November 2004||25,038||33,573|
|25 September 2005||28,709||66,984|
|27 February 2006||30,455||97,568|
|9 April 2006||30,776||108,012|
|3 July 2006||31,980||130,939|
|1 October 2006||33,367||157,061|
|3 January 2007||34,342||186,022|
|1 April 2007||34,551||218,690|
|1 July 2007||35,703||248,775|
|2 October 2007||36,860||283,630|
|1 January 2008||38,012||315,611|
|2 April 2008||39,478||348,217|
|4 July 2008||40,424||376,664|
|3 October 2008||41,096||403,280|
|1 January 2009||41,852||430,159|
|1 April 2009||42,366||458,301|
|1 July 2009||42,533||488,905|
|1 October 2009||43,035||516,333|
|1 January 2010||44,156||546,487|
|1 April 2010||44,592||581,486|
|1 July 2010||45,170||615,232|
|1 October 2010||45,947||653,596|
|1 January 2011||46,374||692,451|
|2 April 2011||46,775||745,694|
|3 July 2011||47,150||785,900|
|2 October 2011||47,315||832,243|
|1 January 2012||47,638||856,400|
|2 April 2012||47,797||880,230|
|2 July 2012||47,937||900,861|
|2 October 2012||48,082||924,293|
|1 January 2013||48,050||945,476|
|2 April 2013||48,238||981,012|
|1 July 2013||48,116||1,026,688|
|1 October 2013||48,890||1,048,876|
|1 January 2014||48,953||1,068,019|
|1 April 2014||48,971||1,091,704|
|3 July 2014||49,026||1,110,208|
|10 October 2014||49,053||1,130,161|
|1 January 2015||49,055||1,147,397|
|2 April 2015||49,321||1,168,559|
|Date||Approximate number of entries in Enciclopedia Libre||Approximate number of entries in Spanish Wikipedia|
- "Lista de usuarios activos". Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español. Retrieved 2015-08-24.
- Tkacz, Nathaniel (20 January 2011). "The Spanish Fork: Wikipedia's ad-fuelled mutiny". Wired UK.
- Enciclopedia: Por qué estamos aquí y no en es.wikipedia.org (Spanish)
- Nathaniel Tkacz (2011) The Spanish Fork: Wikipedia's ad-fuelled mutiny
- Tkacz, Nathaniel. "The Spanish Fork: Wikipedia's ad-fuelled mutiny." Wired. 20 January 2011. p. 2. Retrieved on 26 June 2013.