Encirclement campaigns

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Encirclement campaigns were the campaigns launched by forces of the Chinese Nationalist Government against forces of the Communist Party of China during the early stage of the Chinese Civil War.

Formulated by German advisors Hans von Seeckt and Alexander von Falkenhausen, the campaigns were launched between the late 1920s to the mid-1930s with the goal of isolating and destroying the developing Chinese Red Army. The Nationalist forces launched encirclement campaigns against Communist bases in several separate locations across China.[1]

Encirclement campaigns by location[edit]

First encirclement campaigns[edit]

Second encirclement campaigns[edit]

Third encirclement campaigns[edit]

Fourth encirclement campaigns[edit]

Fifth encirclement campaigns[edit]


The first four Encirclement campaigns of the Chinese Nationalists military were unsuccessful. However, with the rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany in 1933, and the subsequent close cooperation between Nazi Germany and the Republic of China, the nationalists succeeded in the final 5th campaign which led directly to the famous Long March of the Communist Red Armies.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Military History Research Department (2000). "Overview of Campaigns and Battles Fought by the People's Liberation Army (中国人民解放军战役战斗总览)". 中国人民解放军全史 [The Complete History of the People's Liberation Army]. Beijing: Military Science Publishing House. ISBN 7801373154.