Enclosed CJK Letters and Months

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Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
(256 code points)
ScriptsHangul (62 char.)
Katakana (47 char.)
Common (146 char.)
Assigned255 code points
Unused1 reserved code points
Source standardsARIB STD-B24
Unicode version history
1.0.0 (1991)191 (+191)
1.0.1 (1992)190 (-1)
1.1 (1993)202 (+12)
3.2 (2002)232 (+30)
4.0 (2003)241 (+9)
4.1 (2005)242 (+1)
5.2 (2009)254 (+12)
12.1 (2019)255 (+1)
Code chart
Note: [1][2]
In Unicode 1.0.1, during the process of unifying with ISO 10646, one character from the Enclosed CJK Letters and Months block was relocated to the CJK Symbols and Punctuation block, and the encircled katakana letters were re-arranged.[3]

Enclosed CJK Letters and Months is a Unicode block containing circled and parenthesized Katakana, Hangul, and CJK ideographs. Also included in the block are miscellaneous glyphs that would more likely fit in CJK Compatibility or Enclosed Alphanumerics: a few unit abbreviations, circled numbers from 21 to 50, and circled multiples of 10 from 10 to 80 enclosed in black squares (representing speed limit signs).

Its block name in Unicode 1.0 was Enclosed CJK Letters and Ideographs.[4] As part of the process of unification with ISO 10646 for version 1.1, Unicode version 1.0.1 relocated the Japanese Industrial Standard Symbol from the code point U+32FF at the end of the block to U+3004, and re-arranged the encircled katakana letters (U+32D0–U+32FE) from iroha order to gojūon order.[3]

The Reiwa symbol (㋿) was added to Enclosed CJK Letters and Months in Unicode 12.1, continuing from the existing era symbols in the (fully allocated by that point) CJK Compatibility block (Meiji ㍾, Taishō ㍽, Shōwa ㍼, Heisei ㍻).


Enclosed CJK Letters and Months[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
1.^ As of Unicode version 15.0
2.^ Grey area indicates non-assigned code point


The Enclosed CJK Letters and Months block contains two emoji: U+3297 and U+3299.[5][6]

The block has four standardized variants defined to specify emoji-style (U+FE0F VS16) or text presentation (U+FE0E VS15) for the two emoji, both of which default to a text presentation.[7]

Emoji variation sequences
U+ 3297 3299
base code point
base+VS15 (text) ㊗︎ ㊙︎
base+VS16 (emoji) ㊗️ ㊙️


  • U+32FF JAPANESE INDUSTRIAL STANDARD SYMBOL (〄) was moved to U+3004 in Unicode version 1.0.1, to make Unicode a subset of ISO 10646.[8] U+32FF was defined as SQUARE ERA NAME REIWA (㋿) with the release of Unicode 12.1.[2]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Enclosed CJK Letters and Months block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+3200..321C, 3220..3243, 3260..327B, 327F..32B0, 32D0..32FE 190 (to be determined)
L2/11-438[b][c] N4182 Edberg, Peter (2011-12-22), Emoji Variation Sequences (Revision of L2/11-429)
1.1 U+32C0..32CB 12 (to be determined)
3.2 U+3251..325F, 32B1..32BF 30 L2/99-238 Consolidated document containing 6 Japanese proposals, 1999-07-15
N2093 Addition of medical symbols and enclosed numbers, 1999-09-13
L2/00-010 N2103 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2000-01-05), "8.8", Minutes of WG 2 meeting 37, Copenhagen, Denmark: 1999-09-13--16
L2/00-296 N2256 Sato, T. K. (2000-09-04), Circled Numbers in JIS X 0213
4.0 U+321D..321E, 3250, 327C..327D, 32CC..32CF 9 L2/99-353 N2056 "3", Amendment of the part concerning the Korean characters in ISO/IEC 10646-1:1998 amendment 5, 1999-07-29
L2/99-380 Proposal for a New Work item (NP) to amend the Korean part in ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993, 1999-12-07
L2/99-380.3 Annex B, Special characters compatible with KPS 9566-97 (To be extended), 1999-12-07
L2/00-084 N2182 "3", Amendment of the part concerning the Korean characters in ISO/IEC 10646-1:1998 amendment 5 (Cover page and outline of proposal L2/99-380), 1999-12-07
L2/99-382 Whistler, Ken (1999-12-09), "2.3", Comments to accompany a U.S. NO vote on JTC1 N5999, SC2 N3393, New Work item proposal (NP) for an amendment of the Korean part of ISO/IEC 10646-1:1993
L2/00-066 N2170 (pdf, doc) "3", The technical justification of the proposal to amend the Korean character part of ISO/IEC 10646-1 (proposed addition of 79 symbolic characters), 2000-02-10
L2/00-073 N2167 Karlsson, Kent (2000-03-02), Comments on DPRK New Work Item proposal on Korean characters
L2/00-285 N2244 Proposal for the Addition of 82 Symbols to ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000, 2000-08-10
L2/00-291 Everson, Michael (2000-08-30), Comments to Korean proposals (L2/00-284 - 289)
N2282 Report of the meeting of the Korean script ad hoc group, 2000-09-21
L2/01-349 N2374R Proposal to add of 70 symbols to ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000, 2001-09-03
L2/01-387 N2390 Kim, Kyongsok (2001-10-13), ROK's Comments about DPRK's proposal, WG2 N 2374, to add 70 symbols to ISO/IEC 10646-1:2000
L2/01-388 N2392 Kim, Kyongsok (2001-10-16), A Report of Korean Script ad hoc group meeting on Oct. 15, 2001
L2/01-420 Whistler, Ken (2001-10-30), "f. Miscellaneous symbol additions from DPRK standard", WG2 (Singapore) Resolution Consent Docket for UTC
L2/01-458 N2407 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2001-11-16), Request to Korean ad hoc group to generate mapping tables between ROK and DPRK national standards
L2/02-372 N2453 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2002-10-30), "M42.14 item j", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 42
4.1 U+327E 1 L2/04-267 N2815 Ahn, Dae Hyuk (2004-06-18), Proposal to add Postal Code Mark to BMP of UCS
N2753 (pdf, doc) "9.9", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 45; IBM Software Lab, Markham, Ontario, Canada; 2004-06-21/24, 2004-12-26
5.2 U+3244..324F 12 N3353 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2007-10-10), "M51.32", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 51 Hanzhou, China; 2007-04-24/27
L2/07-259 Suignard, Michel (2007-08-02), Japanese TV Symbols
L2/07-391 N3341 Suignard, Michel (2007-09-18), Japanese TV Symbols
L2/08-077R2 N3397 Suignard, Michel (2008-03-11), Japanese TV symbols
L2/08-128 Iancu, Laurențiu (2008-03-22), Names and allocation of some Japanese TV symbols from N3397
L2/08-158 Pentzlin, Karl (2008-04-16), Comments on L2/08-077R2 "Japanese TV Symbols"
L2/08-188 N3468 Sekiguchi, Masahiro (2008-04-22), Collected comments on Japanese TV Symbols (WG2 N3397)
L2/08-077R3 N3469 Suignard, Michel (2008-04-23), Japanese TV symbols
L2/08-215 Pentzlin, Karl (2008-05-07), Comments on L2/08-077R2 "Japanese TV Symbols"
L2/08-289 Pentzlin, Karl (2008-08-05), Proposal to rename and reassign some Japanese TV Symbols from L2/08-077R3
L2/08-292 Stötzner, Andreas (2008-08-06), Improvement suggestions for n3469
L2/08-307 Scherer, Markus (2008-08-08), Feedback on the Japanese TV Symbols Proposal (L2/08-077R3)
L2/08-318 N3453 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2008-08-13), "M52.14", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 52
L2/08-161R2 Moore, Lisa (2008-11-05), "Consensus 115-C17", UTC #115 Minutes, Approve 186 Japanese TV symbols for encoding in a future version of the standard.
12.1 U+32FF 1 N4953 (pdf, doc) "9.3.27", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 66, 2018-03-23
L2/17-429 Orita, Tetsuji (2017-12-19), Request to reserve the code point for square Japanese new era name (SC2 N4577)
L2/18-039 Anderson, Deborah; Whistler, Ken; Pournader, Roozbeh; Moore, Lisa; Liang, Hai; Cook, Richard (2018-01-19), "22. CJK", Recommendations to UTC #154 January 2018 on Script Proposals
L2/18-007 Moore, Lisa (2018-03-19), "C.8", UTC #154 Minutes
L2/18-115 Moore, Lisa (2018-05-09), "C.8", UTC #155 Minutes
N4949 Update on SC2 N4577 "Request to reserve the code point for square Japanese new era name", 2018-05-23
L2/18-220 Whistler, Ken (2018-07-16), Unicode 12.1 Planning Considerations
L2/18-183 Moore, Lisa (2018-11-20), "B.13.3.1 Unicode 12.1 planning considerations", UTC #156 Minutes
N5020 (pdf, doc) Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2019-01-11), "10.3.9 Code point for Square Japanese New Era Name", Unconfirmed minutes of WG 2 meeting 67
L2/19-008 Moore, Lisa (2019-02-08), "B.13.4 Unicode V12.1", UTC #158 Minutes
L2/19-094 Orita, Tetsuji (2019-04-01), Announcement of Japanese new era name
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/10-458, L2/11-414, L2/11-415, and L2/11-429
  3. ^ Refer to the history section of the Miscellaneous Symbols and Pictographs block for additional emoji-related documents

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  2. ^ a b "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  3. ^ a b "Unicode 1.0.1 Addendum" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. 1992-11-03. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
  4. ^ "3.8: Block-by-Block Charts" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. version 1.0. Unicode Consortium.
  5. ^ "UTR #51: Unicode Emoji". Unicode Consortium. 2020-02-11.
  6. ^ "UCD: Emoji Data for UTR #51". Unicode Consortium. 2021-08-26.
  7. ^ "UTS #51 Emoji Variation Sequences". The Unicode Consortium.
  8. ^ https://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode1.0.0/Notice.pdf[bare URL PDF]