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- A general category of oratory
- A method within rhetorical pedagogy
- A figure of speech. As a figure, encomium means praising a person or thing, but occurring on a smaller scale than an entire speech.
- The eighth exercise in the progymnasmata series
- A literary genre that included five elements: prologue, birth and upbringing, acts of the person's life, comparisons used to praise the subject, and an epilogue.
- Gorgias's famous Encomium of Helen offers several justifications for excusing Helen of Troy's adultery—notably, that she was persuaded by speech, which is a "powerful lord" or "powerful drug" depending on the translation.
- In Erasmus's The Praise of Folly, Folly composes an encomium to herself. It is an ironic encomium because being praised by Folly is backwards praise; therefore, Folly praising herself is an ironic conundrum.
- De Pippini regis Victoria Avarica, a medieval encomium of victory of Pepin of Italy over the Avars
- Encomium Emmae Reginae, a medieval encomium of Queen Emma of Normandy
- Laudes Mediolanensis civitatis or Versum de Mediolano civitate, a medieval encomium of Milan
- Versus de Verona, a medieval encomium of Verona
- Polychronion, chanted in the liturgy of Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite
- A kind of encomium is used by the Christian writer Paul in his praise of love in 1 Corinthians 13. The prologue is verses 1–3, acts are v. 4–7, comparison is v. 8–12, and epilogue is 13:13–14:1.
- ἐγκώμιον. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project
- David E. Garland, Baker Exegetical Commentary, 1 Corinthians, 606, based on the work of Sigountos.
- The dictionary definition of encomium at Wiktionary