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Encomium is a Latin word deriving from the Ancient Greek enkomion (ἐγκώμιον), meaning "the praise of a person or thing."[1] Another Latin equivalent is laudatio, a speech in praise of someone or something. Encomium also refers to several distinct aspects of rhetoric:

  • A general category of oratory
  • A method within rhetorical pedagogy
  • A figure of speech praising a person or thing, but occurring on a smaller scale than an entire speech
  • The eighth exercise in the progymnasmata series
  • A literary genre that included five elements: prologue, birth and upbringing, acts of the person's life, comparisons used to praise the subject, and an epilogue[citation needed]
  • The basilikos logos (imperial encomium), a formal genre in the Byzantine empire



  1. ^ ἐγκώμιον. Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert; A Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project
  2. ^ David E. Garland, Baker Exegetical Commentary, 1 Corinthians, 606, based on the work of Sigountos.

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of encomium at Wiktionary