Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales
The Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales  (Enzyklopädie des Märchens) is a German reference work on international Folkloristics, which runs to fifteen volumes and is acknowledged as the most comprehensive work in its field. It examines over two centuries of research into the folk narrative tradition. It was begun by Kurt Ranke in the 1960s and was continued by chief editor Rolf Wilhelm Brednich, both of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences (Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen).
Like the technical periodical Fabula it is published by the Walter de Gruyter GmbH publishing house with working premises at the Georg-August University of Göttingen and as a project of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences. The forerunner of this work was the Handwörterbuch des deutschen Märchens (Handbook of German Fairy Tales), of which only two volumes were published.
The first article Aarne, Antti Amatus appeared in slip in 1975, and the first volume in 1977. By 2014, the final fourteenth volume had been published, followed by an additional volume with lists, indexes and corrigenda in 2015. In all there are approximately 3900 articles, alphabetically arranged, from over 800 authors from over 60 countries.
- Theories and methodologies,
- Genre questions, problems of style and structure, issues of context and performance
- Important tale-types and motifs
- Biographies of scholars, collectors, and authors
- National and regional surveys
Creation and compilation
The project was begun by Kurt Ranke in the early 1960s with a small staff, and the first fascicle appeared in 1975. Ranke was not only the founder but first chief editor of the project; he was succeeded by Rolf Wilhelm Brednich, who completed the project. Other editors included Elfriede Moser-Rath (1963-1987), Max Lüthi (1973-1984), Rudolf Schenda (1973-1992), Lutz Rohrich (1973-2006), and Regina Bendix (2005-2006). Technical editors included Doris Boden, Ulrich Marzolph, Ulrike-Christine Sander, and Christine Shojaei Kawan. An online-database based on the Encyclopaedia, the Encyclopaedia of the Folk Tale Online, was published in 2016.
- The work is generally known in English as the Encyclopedia of Fairy Tales, see, e.g. "De Gruyter: Profile: Literary science". De Gruyter. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014., although Encyclopedia of the Folktale is an alternate translation.
- Marzolph, Ulrich (2010). "Celebrating the Growing Discipline of Folk Narrative Research" (PDF). ISFNR Newsletter. International Society for Folk Narrative Research. 5(2010) (5): 4&ndassh;5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 August 2014.
- Uther, Hans-Jörg (1986). "The Encyclopedia of the Folktale". In Bottigheimer, Ruth B. Fairy Tales and Society: Illusion, allusion, and paradigm. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-8021-0.
- Brednich, Rolf Wilhelm, ed. (2006). Festgabe für Ines Köhler-Zülch: aus Anlaß ihres 65. Geburtstages überreicht von ihren Kolleginnen und Kollegen der Enzyklopädie des Märchens (in German). Göttingen, Germany: Eigenverl. der Enzyklopädie des Märchens. OCLC 836411606.
- "Märchenzeit (Fairy tale time)". Der Spiegel. 24 September 1979. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014.
- The first fascicle of volume 1 was published in 1930. The two completed volumes were: Mackensen, Lutz, ed. (1933). Handwörterbuch des deutschen Märchens, Volume 1: Aarnes Märchentypensystem - Exotische Vögel. Berlin: De Gruyter. OCLC 163503036. and Mackensen, Lutz, ed. (1940). Handwörterbuch des deutschen Märchens, Volume 2: Fabel - Gyges. Berlin: De Gruyter. OCLC 163503041.
- Wittman, Angela (26 December 2005). "Was die Zwerge nicht wussten (What the dwarves did not know)". Die Zeit (in German). Archived from the original on 3 August 2014. (article on the making of the Enzyklopädie des Märchens)
- "History and Scope of the EM". De Gruyter. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014.
- Tomkowiak, Ingrid (1997). "Moser-Rath, Elfriede". Neue Deutsche Biographie. 18. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, Berlin. pp. 184–185. ISBN 978-3-428-00199-6. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014.
- "Enzyklopädie des Märchens" (in German). De Gruyter. Archived from the original on 3 August 2014.