Endel Lippmaa

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Endel Lippmaa
Endel Lippmaa (413534 ERM Fk3051 13273 413534) (cropped).jpg
Born(1930-09-15)15 September 1930
Died30 July 2015(2015-07-30) (aged 84)

Endel Lippmaa (15 September 1930 – 30 July 2015)[1] was an Estonian academic, politician, founder and chairman of the Science Council of the National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics best known for his work in uncovering crucial documents in the Soviet annexation in 1940 of Estonia and the other Baltic states, Latvia and Lithuania was illegal.

He was also head chairman and professor of chemical physics, physical chemistry, physics, and mathematics at the Estonian Academy of Sciences and was highly regarded in his work into solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). In 1999, he was voted one of the 100 great Estonians of the 20th century.

Scientific and Political career[edit]

In 1972 Endel Lippmaa was elected as a Member of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. He served as a member of the Board of the Academy for the period 1975–2014. In 1977-1982 he was Secretary-Academician of the Division of Physics, Mathematics and Engineering, in 1999-2004 Head of the Division of Astronomy and Physics, in 2007-2010 Chairman of the Energy Council of the Academy.[2]

During Lippmaa's time working in physics, he wrote a paper on "Structural studies of silicates by solid-state high-resolution silicon-29 NMR,".[3] This paper, now highlighy regarded demonstrated in 1980 that high-resolution NMR spectroscopy could be applied profitably to inorganic samples, not just organic or biological ones. According to Google Scholar, the paper has garnered 969 citations.

Lippmaa often participated in activities of the Popular Front of Estonia. He was a minister during the governments of Edgar Savisaar and Tiit Vähi. During his political career, Lippmaa was a delegate to the Moscow Congress of People's Deputies 1989–1991, has participated in the activities of the Popular Front, been a member of the Estonian Congress, the founding member of the Coalition Party. In 1990- 1991 Endel Lippmaa was Minister for the Eastern Affairs of the Republic of Estonia, in 1995- 1996 Euro-Minister of the Republic of Estonia and in 1996-1999 member of the Riigikogu.

Personal life[edit]

Endel Lippmaa was born in Tartu. His father was botanist Teodor Lippmaa and his maternal grandfather was prosaist and journalist Jakob Mändmets. He graduated from Nõmme Gymnasium in 1948 and from Tallinn University of Technology (TUT) in 1953, where he majored in oil shale technology.[4]

Lippmaa was married to Helle Lippmaa and had two sons, Jaak Lippmaa and Mikk Lippmaa.[5]


In 2000, Lippmaa was awarded the Order of the National Coat of Arms, II Class.


External links[edit]