Endemic goitre

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Endemic goiter
Kone med stor struma.jpg
A woman, probably from inland of Norway, with goiter, probably due to iodine deficiency.
SpecialtyEndocrinology Edit this on Wikidata

Endemic goiter is a type of goitre that is associated with dietary iodine deficiency.[1][2]

Some inland areas where soil and water lacks in iodine compounds and consumption of marine foods is low are known for higher incidence of goitre. In such areas goitre is said to be "endemic".

This type of goiter is easily preventable. In most developed countries regulations have been put into force by health policy institutions requiring salt, flour or water to be fortified with iodine.[citation needed]

Treatment of endemic goiter is medical with iodine and thyroxine preparations. Surgery is only necessary in cases where complicated by significant compression of nearby structures.


  1. ^ "Endemic Goiter (Medical condition)". Encyclopedia of Britannica. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  2. ^ BA, Lamberg (1991). "Endemic goitre : Iodine disorders". Endocrine Research Laboratory, University of Helsinki, Finland. 23 (4): 367–72. PMID 1718324.

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